Reflection on Daniel Willingham’s Outsmart Your Brain

Daniel Willingham’s Outsmart Your Brain gave a detailed explanation and tips on studying efficiently. I agree with the many strategies that he has given. I learnt different tricks to help me memorize content, for example, drawing a picture for materials that I can’t remember, making material into a meaning-based question by asking “why?” or “How?” and, most importantly, preparing a study guide. There are some strategies that I have already been using in years of studying and tests. For example, posing questions to yourself, speaking aloud when answering, and imagining that you’re teaching someone else. I feel these two strategies work exceptionally well for me, and I will keep using them. Another quote that I found interesting is, “whether or not you want to learn is irrelevant.” I agree with him. I will lose interest and motivation in studying because I find it meaningless, but I should look at the bigger picture, that these tests are just dust on the road. Therefore I should just start and do it and stop making excuses for myself. 

To conclude, I enjoyed how he wrote the strategies step-by-step, which was straightforward to understand and follow. I will surely use his valuable tips in my upcoming IB exam! 


Personal Response on Salman Rushdie

I admire Salman Rushdie for being a brave writer. Rushdie’s works are also known for their boldness and willingness to challenge the status. He has been a vocal critic of oppressive powers and an outspoken advocate for freedom of expression. Rushdie’s novel The Satanic Verses was banned in many countries due to its controversial content, and he was even the target of a fatwa issued by the Iranian government.

It was interesting to hear Rushdie’s perspective of the event. I was surprised that he does not regret writing the book despite being hunted down and would do it again if he had the chance. Rushdie is someone to admire and respect, he symbolizes freedom of expression and sets an example that we shouldn’t back down even to influential people.

I was also intrigued by the ideas that were discussed in the interview. He said, “Good and evil are not external to us in the form of God and the Devil, but internal to us… The angel and the devil are both inside us.” I agree with this statement. I believe that good and evil are parts of our human nature, and we can decide which path to take. We can choose to do good and be kind, or choose evil and be cruel. It is our internal moral compass that guides us in making these decisions.

Melville Before Coffee

Lately, I’ve been hand-copying Moby-Dick first thing in the morning, before coffee, to carve out a space for my brain and my hands, to have a definite frame of time. I suppose I do that as others practice yoga or meditation.  —Yiyun Li, Chinese-American novelist

NY Review of Books, March 2022:

A Pastiche of Charles Dickens, “Great Expectations”

Passage 1: At that moment I realized that this shabby flat strewn with trash was my apartment; and that Philip Pirrip, once my best friend, and Georgiana, once my sworn love, had packed and left; and that happiness, contentment, purpose, calm, and tranquility, everything in fact that I valued, had also packed and left; and that the urban wilderness outside my apartment, intersected with streets and subways and elevated trains, with faceless people hurrying through it, was my home; and that the dark land beyond the city was the world; and that the vast unknowable void from which the screaming in my ears seemed to come, was the cosmos; and that the miserable, useless, despicable heap of self-pity curling into a ball amid the filth and shaking uncontrollably, was me.

Passage 2: A tearful man, all in maroon fleece, with little hair on his head. A man with a brown hat, and with brown shoes, and with a COVID mask tied round his neck. A man who had been mired in poems, and buried in plays, and puzzled by metaphors, and bored by similes, and lulled by iambs, and thrilled by rhymes; who sang, and chanted, and recited and howled; and whose eyes glittered in his head as he marked my essay by the Key.

Candide lives!

From Candide, Chapter XXIII:

Talking thus they arrived at Portsmouth. The coast was lined with crowds of people, whose eyes were fixed on a fine man kneeling, with his eyes bandaged, on board one of the men of war in the harbour. Four soldiers stood opposite to this man; each of them fired three balls at his head, with all the calmness in the world; and the whole assembly went away very well satisfied.

“What is all this?” said Candide; “and what demon is it that exercises his empire in this country?”

He then asked who was that fine man who had been killed with so much ceremony. They answered, he was an Admiral.

“And why kill this Admiral?”

“It is because he did not kill a sufficient number of men himself. He gave battle to a French Admiral; and it has been proved that he was not near enough to him.”

“But,” replied Candide, “the French Admiral was as far from the English Admiral.”

“There is no doubt of it; but in this country it is found good, from time to time, to kill one Admiral to encourage the others.”

Today, we merely fire such people, usually:

SAN DIEGO — The captain of a San Diego-based aircraft carrier battling an outbreak of COVID-19 on his ship was fired as commanding officer Thursday, days after his letter decrying conditions on his ship became public.

Acting Navy Secretary Thomas Modly announced the firing during a Pentagon news conference.

“At my direction, the commanding officer of the USS Theodore Roosevelt, Capt. Brett Crozier, was relieved of command by a carrier strike group commander, Rear Adm. Stuart Baker,” Modly said.

Capt. Brett Crozier wrote a letter late Sunday asking the Navy to remove 90% of the crew of the Theodore Roosevelt to halt the “ongoing and accelerating” spread of COVID-19 on board. That letter was published Tuesday by The San Francisco Chronicle and generated headlines nationwide.

On Wednesday, the Navy announced it was moving almost 3,000 sailors off the ship and working to find space on Guam for more.

Modly said he wasn’t sure whether Crozier leaked the letter personally, but he said Crozier didn’t do enough to ensure the letter didn’t get out, saying it was copied to many people outside the captain’s chain of command.

“It was copied to 20 or 30 other people,” Modly said. “That’s just not acceptable. He sent it out pretty broadly and in sending it out pretty broadly he did not take care to ensure that it couldn’t be leaked.”

That, Modly said, demonstrated “extremely poor judgment” in the middle of a crisis.

HL “Candide” Posts: General Feedback

Most of you made only a minimal effort on this assignment: a short paragraph or two with some general remarks about the story.

In a good personal response, you need to include quotations and page citations. You need to discuss more than just one or two incidents from the story. You need to dig deeper into the philosophical questions raised by the story. You need to analyze the *way* the story is written, and how that connects with the story’s content. And you need to edit and proofread your writing.

Only one of you met that standard, and I urge all of you to read that post and learn from it.

Welcome to the IB English A Literature class blog!

We will use this space for sharing initial responses, informal writing, etc. You will find that reading each other’s work will be tremendously valuable to you. The blog will also serve as a discussion forum where conversations begun in class can be continued, or new ones started. It may be a bit scary at first, but be brave! Sooner or later you will overcome your apprehensions and appreciate the blog’s value.

You will learn a tremendous amount by reading each other’s work. Sometimes you will think, “Ah, that’s really good, I could do that, too.” At other times you will think, “Ah yes, I make that same mistake, but I usually don’t notice it in my own writing.” Or you may think, “Wow, my writing is better than I thought.” Together, we can learn faster and make more progress.

Comments on this blog must be specific, kind, and helpful. This is not Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram.