Through analyzation of the book “The Awakening” by Kate Chopin, a conclusion could be generated in relation towards the character Edna, her personality fluctuates persistently within the story. Throughout the story, it is seen that Edna has it pretty good, a loyal, faithful and good husband along with being able to basically indulge in anything she wants everyday without ever having a worry in the world. It should only be understandable that there is no physical reason in which she should be in crisis, but she was. Initially, Edna is portrayed as a character which is joyful, outgoing woman and clearly has a good connection with her partner, Leonce Pontellier. Although this is true, her thoughts and perspectives on marriage displaces her sanity, she wants to be independant, a woman without spouse. In my opinion, Edna is a difficult woman, although so, she may be also be inducing the independence of woman. I have noticed that within the story, although it may seem insignificant, it seemed that Mr. Pontellier was allowed to travel out of the house, he had a purpose, a life outside of the little enclosure in which Edna calls home. A comparison could be made towards Edna’s life, it seemed that every day for her was dull, although she had been able to indulge herself in all kinds of luxuries due to her husband, she finds no purpose in life. Perhaps she feels unfair towards the full life of her husband, yet she is stuck in the resort, forced to look after the children (or at least required to by her husband). This displeases her and in turn, she wants to become a woman of herself, a woman who does not plainly accept the gifts of a man, a woman who strives and fights for her own. In order to do that, she had to sacrifice many things, she has noticed so close to the end of the story. Firstly, she had to sacrifice the reputation of her husband which he hastily put back together within the first attempts of Edna’s escape. This is not fair towards her husband as he has Donne everything to fulfill her, considering of the children, providing her with the best life possible..he may be in blame for her absence. Secondly, her children would be in jeopardy of being made fun of, looked down upon as she was to run away to fulfill her own life. So the only choice was suicide, she would rather die than live a further miserable life with no direction. In relation to the field, where Edna had said she wanders endlessly with no reason, the last time she wanders the field was within the ocean in which she bathes happily constantly, she finally had a direction, death.
Throughout reading the story “The Awakening”, I believe Edna was making very rash decisions. I do understand that she was not being completely fulfilled in her marriage with Mr. Pontellier, but to result in suicide is quite a bold decision. She wanted to feel real love but she was looking too hard. I believe if she was able to recognize the love she was already receiving from her spouse, or her other lovers, she may not have committed suicide. The depiction of love she was looking for was storybook love, and I believe it can’t be completely achieved. She was looking for a connection with someone that would cause no harm or unjust. In relationships it is nearly impossible to have no moments that cause each other to have second thoughts. When Edna asked Aruban to runaway with her, she was only thinking of herself. She felt confident they both were falling in love, but Aruban did not feel the same way. Some may blame Mr. Pontellier for giving her next to no physical or emotional love. This emptiness resulted in her looking for the “perfect love”. I believe this search for a perfect relationship resulted in Edna’s demise.
I felt intrigued with the novel The Awakening because it is not a novel I could have seen myself reading. But the more I read, the more I felt a connection with the characters and found myself hopefully wishing for Edna’s happiness. However, It ended up like a Shakespearian tragedy, with Edna realizing she could not find happiness or love and swimming off into the ocean, finally awakened.
“The Awakening” by Kate Chopin told the story of a woman named Edna who struggled between living the life of a traditional wife and mother and the life of an independent, free willing woman. She felt trapped in a family that she viewed as a burden. After reading the story, I felt Edna was more of a disgrace to women. It was quite obvious that she mainly focused only about herself and what she wanted, instead of caring for her children and husband. The way I think a woman based on today’s society should act in a marriage and towards her family are totally different then the way Edna acted.
When we first started reading “The Awakening”, my first assumption about Edna was that she was a selfish, conceited woman. This assumption was proven to me at the very beginning of the book too. As shown in the third chapter when her husband Mr. Pontellier returned home from playing billiards. He was getting ready for bed while he was telling his wife, “the sole object of his existence,” about the “bits of news and gossip that he had gathered during the day”. She then replied by having “little interest in things which concerned him and [that she] valued so little his conversation”. When he went to check on his children who were sleeping, he discovered that his son had a fever. He then went and informed Edna who replied by saying that the child went to bed perfectly well and that there was no way he had a fever. This showed that Edna was a conceited woman who cared little for her husband and children. I feel like Edna had way more options to chose from rather than death, and to leave her children without a mother and her husband having to take care of them himself as well as continuing to work to provide for them.
For me, “The Awakening” is one of the rare books that can make my attitude and thought toward the main character – Edna change a lot due to the plot of this novel. The whole novel, to me, is the process of building up the character Edna. Every detail of it contributes a piece of Edna, so that after the book, I can stop, and let myself calm down, think thoroughly about Edna. Edna at the beginning is an Edna somehow sweet and elegant. One Edna that is shy, like a fish out of water among the conversations of French mix with Americans culture, one Edna that is cheerful and energetic swimming in water. I thought that she may not be a good mother when she does not take a good care of her children, but she is acceptable. Because no one is perfect, even Mr. Pontellier forgot to bring bonbon back when he is a figure for a good man. However, the piece of panicking Edna when Robert leaves brings me a mixed feeling, somehow angry when she is not loyal to her marriage, to her family, somehow sympathetic with the feeling of missing the beloved one. At that time, I hope that Edna will get out of her depression soon, be back with the life she was belong to. To me, it is understandable to have a crush on someone other than the partner, but it is important to get over it, to be faithful to the relationship, to family; because family is not only love, family is responsible, is gratitude. Opposite with what I hope, Edna immerses in her “freedom”. Each of her actions disappoints me more and more. From when she replies to Arobin based on her instinct, to when she moves out of the big house, where has the memories of her family. This character raises a question in me, why don’t she think what is enough. A family with a husband who takes care her with all his ability, two children who loves their mom, a life with servants, no worry about money, is not enough? Because it does not bring to her heart the touch of love? So that, why she still accepts Arobin for her instincts? Because Robert is love, and Arobin is a “flaming torch”, and they are different? At that point, I understand why Edna does that, but there is no more sympathy for her, her actions are not acceptable to me. After all, Edna at the ending brings to me a different sense. I feel more sympathetic with her, because she chooses to sacrifice her life for the honor of her children, of Mr Pontellier. The quote when she said she can give the children her life but not herself becomes foreshadowing. Edna wants to be selfish the last time in her life, even though the price of it is her life.
When reading this book i didn’t get anything out of it, it did not make me engaged at all or have any connection with the characters. Throughout the book I was just bored and reading it for reading it i think the reason was because there was never anything exiting going on in the book except for the ending were she killed her self and even that she didn’t go out in a blaze of glory or anything spectacular she just swam till she gave up and slowly sank to the bottom of the sea. I also did not like the husband there wasn’t very much to him he was there then left for a bisnes trip nothing else. The last thing that annoyed me was I thought she was very whinny I understand that she was unhappy but I think there was better ways of portraying that then being whinny and moody. In short I think there is much better and more interesting story’s to read this one was not my favorite by far and im happy to move on .
The Awakening gives me a thought of chasing what a person really wants but not what the person is given. Edna has a husband that gives her basically everything that most of the women couldn’t get in the period of time. For example, wealth, a good house to live, good food every day, a life without any concerns about the environment she is living in. However, Mr. Pontellier was working so hard for his wife and children, therefore he did not have much time to spend with his family, he always had to work in other places. but he still sends packages to Edna. But she chose Robert, which he is just a normal man that is not as wealthy as Mr. Pontellier. Then she found out she had a crush on him. Edna rather chose what she wants rather than what she is given. She felt she is missing something important that she couldn’t get from Mr. Pontellier. On one side, I felt pity for her not to enjoy and appreciate what she had from her husband. But on the other hand, I respect her of following her heart of what she wants. She had the courage to step up to her true desire. However, the story ended in with a sad ending, Edna got rejected by Robert for leaving with her and she chose to commit suicide by swimming really far in the ocean. But Itrue respect her action of following her heart.
Edna is a special woman. Her characteristic doomed her extraordinary. She has very new and created thinking which is not fit with that period. However, her special lead her marriage to the end. She is very unhappy in this marriage. Her unhappy is from the difference thinking between her husband and herself. Contrast with her husband, Edna has an avant-garde thinking. When Edna has no interest to his talking, and not believe the son has fever. “He reproached his wife with her inattention, her habitual neglect of the children. If it was not a mother place to look after children, whose on earth was it”(pg 6). His husband thinks the wife need to obey the family and take care about the home. He is not satisfied on Edna’s action. He is a husband with machismo. He cares his financial more than his wife. Which shows through when he knows Edna wants to move out house, financial integrity. And He is a rational men. He solve the problem in the fastest time. He write a letter to an architect to remodeling his home. The action is for prevent people’s guessing and gossip, and avoid his lose. Edna is a very different women. She can not obey his husband, and can not understand his thinking. After his husband complain about her deficient, “An indescribable oppression, which seemed to generate in some unfamiliar part of her consciousness, filled her whole being with a vague anguish”(pg 7). She is a sensual woman, she has very strong emotion on everything. Combine her sensibility with Mr. Pontellier previous action, he cares financial more than Edna. It reflects Edna has not receive the enough love. It causes she disappoint at this marriage. She is very sad about his complain. The sadness imply Edna disagree with Mr. Pontellier concept of marriage. She wants to in-depend. She wants to be free. So, she move out the house and not use Mr.Pontellier’s money. She does not want the marriage become the chain to block her free. She is not sacrifice herself to family and children. She loves herself. So her attitude for marriage and for herself is very different with other people. It is like the new are woman. Unfortunately, she lives in the old time. Her difference brings her sad ending.
To be honest, I do not have a certain feeling on what Edna had done, it is not like or dislike. Although when I first read “the awaken,” I was shocked and didn’t understand Edna, she had the comfortable living condition and a “best husband in the world”(6). However, Edna fell in love with another man. It is so hard for me to realize what kind of love is so strong that can even let her leave her children. When I I read the second half of “the awakening,” I thought she was a pitiful woman. The only thing Edna wanted and eventually lost all was the love of Robert and freedom; she almost gave up everything to chase her purpose, she left her children and husband and her luxury life. However, she also got the cruellest revenge as her disloyalty to her husband, Robert refused to run away with her. That was the last straw which caused her suicide. Edna was not like other women during that time, when I thought she would never let anyone control all of her life no matter her husband or her children, she committed suicide because she was unique and not understood. She was a contradictory woman.
But I still admire some of her abilities. It was evident that Edna is an independent woman with her own opinions and decisions. While she decided to live outside, everything was ready, the location was already chosen, the servant was prepared, and she even held a party as her last dinner in her old house, all the work had been done had reached its aim. Edna would never be those women who relied on their husband; she could live very well by herself.
Personally, I was hoping that this story had a happy ending. However, this story was like a tragedy. Because, in my opinion, if a story ends with death and no hope, the story is a tragedy. Some people might think this story is not a tragedy like what I heard from our class discussion. But, I could not see any hope at the end of this story. “The Kite runner” is a good example to explain my opinion. “The kite runner” included much death and seemed so violence. But there was hope at the end. I could see the hope from characters’ actions and words. Of course, I can understand other opinions too such as her death was suicide so it is not a tragedy like murder and it gave mistrial and literary atmosphere to audiences. But I have never thought that death was beautiful. Because if a person dies, everything is ended at the point. There is no more sound. There is no more color. There is no more hope… There is nothing. Some literature describes the beauty of death and tries to make a specific atmosphere with the silence of death. But I do not feel any literary significance from there. Therefore, I was not moved to a good way such as getting useful ideas for my life from this story. But I could know what gives the biggest impression on me and what types of idea I want from literature.
The《Awakening》gave me the deepest feeling that life is not easy, and people should cherish their lives. And another thoughts is to follow your heart no matter what you do. In this novel, I first felt just bored, because it was not as appealing as science fiction. However, as I read more and more, I found that every article and principle of this novel is expressed beautifully, in short and concise sentences. In addition, the novel also made me think about my life.
First of all, the heroine Edna moved me profoundly when she did not yield to the traditional society that restrained her and was truly loyal to her feelings and soul. Second, for Edna, the existence of Robert is very important, because he is the one who awakens her soul, but also makes her realize the “social bondage” and “cruel reality” he escapes at the last moment, choosing to be bound by traditional social values. Though Robert was always a man of public opinion, his presence was important, for without him there would have been no awakening for Edna. I sympathize with Edna because she never got the love she wanted, and at the same time, she was plagued with mundane matters and unable to pursue her own pleasure.
The story begins at Grade Isle, a vacation spot of wealthy Creoles from New Orleans. Edna is there with her two sons and her husband Leonce who comes and goes because of business. Edna has never felt like she fits in with their lifestyle. Edna has always done what is expected of a woman of her time, including marrying a man she did not love. He regards her as a possession rather than an individual. While on vacation, Edna falls in love with Robert Lebrun. She often went to the beach with him. She began to realize for the first time, at age 28, that she is so distressed that she returns to Grand Isle where she goes swimming in the cold sea. Purposely she swims out too far and drowns herself. Edna broke away from worldly annoyances and went to embrace the sea. What a resolution to leave her husband she didn’t love, and leave the covertly lover, and also leave her children. The demands of the secular society, the duty of being a wife and mother were all abandoned by the soul searching for herself. Life and love are precious but they can be discarded for the sake of freedom.
Contemporary society does not have the male and female inferiority thinking, but the old society had been completely different. The language used in the novel usually includes French and some slang, which helps the reader to experience the circumstances. In my mind, there is a confused married woman who is full of desire for life, but her soul is always bound by the trivialities of her life. After awakening, she chose to give up life and the sea became her destination.
Edna’s life actually mirrors our lives, but everyone will have different choices in their own lives. Each of us will experience setbacks and perhaps our lives will be shattered in the future, but please find the goodness, kindness and respect in the world and give thanks for life.
In “The Awakening” by Kate Chopin I found the main characters very interesting. They have very unique personalities and motivations that make them to make different decisions and have different feelings. I did not like the character Edna because I think she acted selfish by having affairs with other men and not looking after her children good enough. But I also felt pity for Edna because she wanted freedom from being trapped in unhappy marriage to an older man who did not love her and who she did not love either. Her husband just wants to her earn money and have a good reputation, that’s why he tries to stop her moving out of the house. He is too dominant in their marriage and she feels trapped so I felt sorry for her. Edna is a sympathetic character to me, because life was very unfair to her. I also think that Edna still showed she cares about her husband’s reputation because she drowned in the sea but she did it in a way that people won’t know that she killed herself on purpose.
Mr. Pontellier is a professional and he earns money to feed his family, so he looks good from the outside to society, but to me he actually is a chauvinist who does not treat his wife with love. This made me dislike the character of Mr. Pontellier. He looks like a perfect husband but he does not care enough about his wife and kids and so it increases her unhappiness so that she wants to be free. Edna puts all of her hope in Robert, but in the end even he decides not to marry her because of the social pressure and the bad judgment they would get in society. This was sad and it shows how women in that time period had their future depending on a man instead of independence.
I also found the character Mrs. Ratignolle interesting also. She is a very nice awesome woman, but she is limited by that period of time and her husband’s dominance. She is a typical woman of that time period that means her main job is to have children and look after her husband. I think that makes me feel some pity, because she loses her own distinct personality by only having a job serving others. She is pregnant with her fourth child in the story and that seems like a lot of children to me for one woman because in China women usually only have one or maybe two children. I think Mrs. Ratignolle is a same type of character similar to Edna but Edna gets more depressed than Mrs. Ratignolle.
Taking all of the above elements into consideration, I found the characters in “The Awakening” interesting and sometimes confusing with their motivations, but the story gave me a sad feeling in the end. I feel like this story is fighting for women’s rights to show the voice and feelings about women that were ignored in history. The author is trying to show Edna as an inspiration to fight for their own rights and even though the ending is sad, Edna is supposed to be an example of how unhappy things can be if women are treated bad. My personal response to this story was that I wished the characters could have been happier and not so much trapped by society and expectation, but I was also a bit upset about how the character Edna was so much thinking of herself even though I understand why the author Kate Chopin was making the example out of her about women having rights.
In the poem “Deferred”, Langston Hughes brings out the circumstances of African Americans which they were not able to finish wishes because of oppression by the using of parallelism. As the flow of the poem, there is parallelism in how a stanza started. “All I want is”, “I want to”, Hughes wants to emphasize the desire. The readers can feel the bitterness in word “All”. While all other people in the world want luxurious stuffs, the characters in this poem just want a bottle of gin, a stove, or graduation – those things that looks too easy to achieve, to get for white people. Just with one word, “all”, Hughes spreads the screams of dreams, the despair of black people. With that, he raises a question in readers’ head, “Why?” Why they want such a simple thing, such a simple life, why they cannot achieve what they are deserved for, what happened that deferred their dreams. He draws the picture of disparity, of injustice without saying a word against it. In that picture, there are various types of people, they may be young or they may be old, they may be women they may be men, but they have one same thing, they were treated unfair. With his big picture in the poem, readers now can relate to the circumstances of black people in America at that time, those who just escaped from being slave, returned to be real humans again. However, with these words, Hughes says that they are not totally free yet, they are still in the cage of oppression. Because they are black, they are not white; because those white people don’t want to change their mind, they are superior. To conclude, Langston Hughes has stood up for African Americans in his time to against the oppression of white people which made their dreams incomplete. Continue reading ““Deferred” is just about dreams?”
Although “The Negro Mother” is a poem written by Langston Hughes, it is written from a mother’s perspective and a person who was a slave. From the name of the poem, Negro was a word to describe African American slaves. The poem is trying to express a mother is passing the hope to her children for freedom and equality. It is also emphasizing women’s positions in America’s society. Firstly, Hughes had set the tone of the poem, in line 1 to 4, the last words rhyme like AABB. In the first 6 lines, it declared the speaker is from a mother’s perspective with the keyword ‘children’ and phrases to describe a kind mother such as ‘shining like the sun with love’s true light’. From line 7 to 17, the speaker explains her experience of being a slave. Line 7 to 8, it is comparing herself to slaves back to 300 years ago. Then, she explains herself as a slave. Line 18 to 22, the mother believes she has the last hope which is her child, as a gift from God. it reveals that the love from mother is a great thing. Line 23 to 32, it is describing the mother had no ability to either read or write, also evoke emotions of depression in the slave community. But ‘ I had to keep on! No stopping for me–‘, there was no such thing as holidays for slaves, once they were slaves, they will die as a slave. But in line 23 to 52, the speaker tells about their hope and dreams would pass on to the future generations. ‘ I had only hope then, but now through you, Dark ones of today, my dreams must come true:’ the speaker is also representing all the African American slaves, to ask the next generation to remember how white people had treated them and encourage them to stay strong, to fight for the rights they should have deserved, so that they can become successful. Lastly, line 49 to 52, it shows the love from the mother would be the stairs towards success in the future. The whole main idea of this poem, “The Negro Mother”, is to appeal to all African Americans to be proud of themselves, don’t be underestimated by anyone.
An insight on “As I Grew Older” by Langston Hughes
“As I Grew Older” is a poem which criticizes the oppression of black people in America. Not only does this poem discuss a insightful topic, but it conveys the message through a meaningful metaphor. A wall is commonly used to divide, to separate and to block out certain things. Within the poem, it is mentioned repetitively that a wall is slowly ascending, dividing its victim from their dreams, the light. Langston describes that he had almost forgotten his dream in the first stanza, in the beginning, meaning that he knew of it’s presence and he remembers his dream. Perhaps he was younger back then, where he had little to on perspective on the oppression in which his race had suffered within America during the time “But it was there, In front of me.” . As Langston had grew older, so did the wall, he began realizing the wall had been rising slowly, “Rose slowly, Slowly, Between me and my dream.” The oppression and racism towards lack people had become an obstacle for Langston, something which locks the view of his bright, bright dream, his future. The wall “Rose until it touched the sky”, signifying that it was almost impossible to get over it, that there was no way he could reach or see his dream anymore, his opportunities, his dream. It is then written in the poem “Shadow. I am black.” Perhaps this stanza would describe how Langston felt, realizing and thinking that he belongs in the shadow, belongs in the dark and he lies down, accepting the fact that he is dark, accepting the oppression and the racism. Suddenly, Langston turns the atmosphere of the poem 180 degrees, he has the desire for change, he reads free of the oppression and racism, fighting and breaking through the impossible. Langston hopes to chase his dream no matter the oppression, no matter the obstacles, the challenges. He is no longer blinded by the ones who oppress him.
The poem “Make America be America again” expresses Langston hughes’s strong expectation for America. Because he says “America never was America to me, And yet I swear this oath, America will be!” He also used metaphor several times to describe the different oppression of different people. In addition, Hughes believes that regardless of race, religion or creed, the United States should be a country where people live out their dreams, Equality and equal opportunity. “Let America be America again” this poem explores the dark realms of life, as to the history of exploitation, And he describes in the poem the unique struggles of the black and white people who make up America. These people, he says in the poem, had the most basic dream “that America might and should be able to achieve.” Out of sympathy for the oppressed and abused in his black background, he called on everyone in his poem “Let America Be America again”. That’s why his poetry is popular.
In “the Negro Mother” by Langston Hughes, the poem implies that black people reading it in the current day are not as strong as their ancestors and need to make sure to live up to the bravery of those who came before them. Not everyone would agree with this analysis but there is evidence in the poem that she wants to make sure that the African Americans today can be as strong as she was before. We know that the narrator of the poem in “Negro Mother” is talking to black people of today because she says “Children, I come back today / To tell you a story of the long dark way.” We can also see that she implies they need to not be lazy at all when she says “Sometimes, the road was hot with the sun, / But I had to keep on till my work was done: /I had to keep on! No stopping for me – /I was the seed of the coming Free.” These lines shows that the Negro mother is proud that the current generations is free but when she writes “no stopping for me!” it implies that she worked harder than today’s African Americans to win their freedom. The narrator is inspiring future generations by telling them “Remember how the strong in struggle and strife / Still bar you the way, and deny you life – / But march ever forward, breaking down bars. / Look ever upward at the sun and the stars.” She is reassured them that if she got through even worse times they can get through bad racism and times today in America. In the time of the narrator, who is a symbol for the strong black woman who kept African Americans strong through oppression and never surrendered to the racism of the white people, she is remembering a time when black families were whipped and black children were intentionally sold to far away to split up black families. It was much worse even than the racism that existed in the time of Langston Hughes, so she is telling the black people reading the poem to be brave and strong and never give up. This woman is trying to convey a positive experience to us that can come from the hard history of African Americans in slavery and oppression and make sure people know the struggle she went through means they can get through anything.
When Langston Hughes was close to death, he also experienced the reborn. In “Life is fine,” the repetition of the words “cold” and “high” exactly reflected the true thinking of those people who were trying to die. While they were drowning in the river and jumping from high, it is easier for them to feel scared and regret by any insignificant factors. They might wonder What exactly made them choose to give up their life, and to the surprise, hardly anyone was disappointed by themselves, and nearly most of them went to the suicide result from a broken relationship or a failure experience. Hughes used to be one of them. However, the coldness and high let him realize that there is still one thing much essential than love which is also showed in the sixth stanza, “I could’ve died for love, but for livin’, I was born.” Although the love has such persuasive power that can even make people despair of life, love is never the only faith that supports our survival; we were born for ourselves. Hughs turned his sadness and hurt into a kind of energy that pushes him forward and keep on living. At the end of this poem which is also the climax of this poem highlight the central theme of this poem: life is fine, perfectly reveals the new understand and perspective of life from Hughs. These two unforgettable experience give Hughs a brand new way to treat and figure out those hurtful things on a daily basis
“Let America Be America Again” conveys the message of the suffering and sorrow of African American who lived through a time of the social upheaval in America by using various literature techniques which supports the content such as positive connotation and the contrast that expressed darkness and lightness of African American. Especially, the most important feature of this poem is the contrast that is displayed by the atmosphere of whole poem not just a few parts of this poem.
Firstly repetition is cited as one of the author’s literature technique that displays the contrast. For instance, the author used “Let America be … Let it be… Let it be…” in the first stanza and also he used “I am the … “ repeatedly in the eighth and eleventh stanza. This repetition produced specific rhythm and organized unity in this poem. And also these rhythms and unity produced lightness and hopefulness so it gives a fresh impression of a new era of America to audiences but on the other hand, it also gives a dark impression because these are irony for the suffering and sorrow of African American who are in the darkness.
Also a title of this poem “Let America Be America Again” displays contrast too. African American was treated harshly at this time in America however they hoped that America will continue to great success. There is a light aspect such as African American wish for the success of America whereas they are living with discrimination in the shade. We can feel these praiseworthy and mixed feelings of African American from the contrast that expressed in the title.
Of course, there is a description that expressed African American’ suffering and anger directly. In the first stanza, a person is speaking like full of hope for America but depressed feelings and anger of African American are expressed as the poem goes on. Is not “the free” given to everyone equally? Why do we (African American) need to suffer when other people (White people) are given “the free”? The contrasts that were expressed by an atmosphere of whole poem asks the real meaning of “the free” to audiences.
As I Grew Older is a very sad poem, and it is very touching. The main theme of the poem is about the narrow of the dream deferred. A lot of technique is used to emphasize and highlight the theme. First is the repetition of the word “dream”. It mentioned by seven times, the repetition makes a deep impression in the reader’s mind. It effectively emphasized the poet desire of dream. And the repetition of “ Rose slowly, slowly”, which express the helpless of the poet. They have a big dream, but they can’t make it come true. Double “Slowly” also implied poet are suffering from this kind of pain. The pain of let dream deferred. Here, the rose slowly is talking about the wall. The wall is a metaphor of the troubles in front of the poet. The first is racism, as black people, their rights are limited, and they get so many unfair treatments. And he said the wall is “ Dimming and Hiding” It implied these troubles get more and more, it blocked the way to his dream. There is an irony “ I am black” and “ My dark hand”. it is a very negative view for himself. It is irony the racial discrimination of the society. This poem starts with a negative and sorrow atmosphere, but end with a positive and motivated ending. The emotion of the ending is very strong, it is very touching to me. “ To smash this night, To break this shadow.” It is the climax of this poem. And I think it must encourage a lot of people to follow their dream, and it encourages people to defend their dream. For the poet, he wants to break all of these racisms and troubles in front of him. This poem showed the dark side of the life, but it still brings people power in the end
As I Grew Older – Langston Hughes’s poem As I Grew Older guides the reader throughout the rough life of a black man. Many black men did not have opportunities to experience their lives to the fullest, which the sun representing these dreams “Bright like a sun- my dream.” But the character in this poem is unable to reach the sun due to the “The Wall” which rose slowly. Langston’s use of repetition with the word slowly creates a certain sort of the loss of hope. With each slowly we see how the characters dream slowly fades away. Then the wall reaches its top… “Shadow. I am black” Langston is not saying that he is black due to the shadow, he is using the shadow as a way to show how his race is unable to let him reach for his dream. With no hope left in him the character lies down with the wall overtop of him and the shadow casting not light but the shade of race upon him “only the thick wall. only the shadow.” The character starts to curse upon his own hands “My hands! My dark hands!” Thinking that maybe if his hands were white he would be able to break down this wall of darkness. He try anyway “Break through the wall! Find my dream!” Without breaking though he wishes he could. Then suddenly the poem ends. Creating a sort of silence. Maybe not around the reader but in their head. The way Hughes is able to create this riot in your head is quite intriguing on a high level.
motto is my favorite one because it is short and to the point. He talks surviving that is his motto stay/ be alive. he want to be dig and be dug, be like and be liked i think that is what every one wants for people to like them and to like others .
Deferred – postponed. From the tittle Langston Hughes brings to reader the feeling of sorry, the feeling of slackness with his negative connotation. Throughout the poem, he no more uses those negative connotation; however, readers still can taste the bitter, the sour of those dreams had been deferred, those wishes had been incomplete. The juxtaposition of sadness and hope is used perfectly between italic and normal stanza. There are many stories about African Americans’ dreams. It could be a simple thing like a bottle of gin or even somewhat may define future, graduation. It may or may not important in eyes of white people, but it is what Langston Hughes’s compatriot had dreamed about in many years, maybe half of their life but could not finish it. Because they are black, they are not white, they do not have the right to ask to demand for anything, even a stove that seems like essential to housewife. As the flow of the poem, there is parallelism in how a stanza started. “All I want is”, “I want to”, Hughes wants to emphasize the desire. With that, he raises a question in readers’ head, “Why?” Why they want such a simple thing, such a simple life, why they cannot achieve what they are deserved for, what happened that deferred their dreams. He draws the picture of disparity, of injustice without saying a word against it. In that picture, there are various types of people, they may be young or they may be old, they may be women they may be men, but they have one same thing, they were treated unfair.
Harlem Sweeties by Langston Hughes is an interesting that uses a special and imaginative technique of the language of jazz. Jazz music started with African-Americans and now it is popular with people all in the world. Jazz is not formal it is very creative mixing traditional European music with new improvisation, African percussion styles and other styles. This poem has a similar style as jazz because it is fun and creative improvisation with language and rhythm. It does not have a definite rhyme scheme or meter. Most of the lines are short but then some are longer and have unusual rhythm and rhymes. It uses approximate rhyme sometimes and changes the rhymes in a fun way to show Hughe’s love for the Sugar Hill area in Harlem and the women that are there who are beautiful. By making the technique unique he also shows how the skin tones and women are all unique. To celebrate the beauty of the women of colour in the poem, Hughes uses playful language that has short lines and makes charming images. For example: “Brown sugar lassie, / Caramel treat, / Honey-gold baby / Sweet enough to eat.” As you can see this is lines with only two or three words but it makes strong images of colour, food and enjoyment about the beauty of women.
Hughes uses similes to depict the beauty of the women. His similes are food, drinks and delicious treats such as “coffee and cream / chocolate darling / Out of a dream. / Walnut tinted / Or cocoa brown, / Pomegrantae-lipped / Pride of the town.” This way he uses the imagery of delicious treats to show the attractiveness of the women he sees in Sugar Hill. “All these sweet colors / Flavor Harlem of mine!”
Hughes is trying to give people feelings in many different ways of their five senses such as seeing, hearing, tasting, seeing and even smell (“licorice, clove, cinnamon.”) Hughes is talking about things that many people love like coconuts and chocolate that taste so delicious. He is using imagery and senses to contrast with the negative racism against African-Americans at that time in the United States. Hughes technique is fun and wants people to appreciate all the different skin colours and beauty of African-American women and the black community. It is like Martin Luther King Jr’s famous speech where he said that “black is beautiful.”
Hughes also uses slang that was popular in the African-American community in that time like “have you dug the spill?” “peach-skinned girlie” and “cast your gims.” He uses some very unique words like “persimmon” and “sepia” to describe tastes and colours, but most of the words in the poem are short and easy to say. This makes it even more like a song and fun to read. I like this poem a lot because the technique is very interesting and it is enjoyable to read.
Dream Boogie is one of the short poems in his collection. It is also one of his short poems. This poem is like a protest to the white Americans when the racist and oppression is Dream Boogie is a happy poem which we can see from a few words such as the phrase boogie-woogie, the word happy had appeared twice, the second last stanza said “Hey, pop!”,”Re-bop!” “Mop!”. This poem sounds like a song when we read it out, with the words rhythming and flows out a jazzy atmosphere. In the second stanza and the third stanza and the forth, we can see there is a extra line popped out which doesnt connect to the second and the forth, we can determine it is someone interuupted the speaker. From the second stanza, the last line “Beating out and beating out” and the interrupter asked that is it a happy beat. the listener thinks this is a happy beat, which it also reveals the peoms brings a positive, exciting mood. And then in the forth stanza, the listener interrupted the speaker from finishing saying the sentence. In the second and forth stanza, the end was cut off is too remind the oppression of African Amricans. In the fifth stanza, the last line says “take it away” which means like getting away from something. In the sixth stanza, there is no logically meanings with those line but it gives us a mood happy and dancing atmosphere. Yet, it is meant to be remained mysterious for the listeners of this poem, white amricans. Hughes wants them to listen to them even though they do not understands what does it mean which also force them to think. Therefore, this poem could be a protest from the African Amricans to all the white Amricans who are being racist.
The poem begins with Hughes’s desire to make America what it once was. However, his ironic comment that such an American image is clearly wrong. “Make America be America again” expresses Langston Hughes’s hopes for America’s future.
“Make America be America again! It’s not just the title of the poem, it’s the main idea of the poem. Why would he say let America be America again, it is not America before? Actually, Refugees from Ireland, Poland, Britain and even African slaves had no choice but to come to the United States. Hughes said that brave people are powerful, and he praised dreamers who “dream of dreams that are so powerful, so brave, and so real.” In addition, Hughes believes that regardless of race, religion or creed, the United States should be a country where people live out their dreams, equality and equal opportunity. But it doesn’t exist anymore. Not only is there no opportunity and love, but racism, greed, materialism and discrimination abound. He wrote this poem because he was born in a black family and his sympathy for the people of this country oppressed and abused. Indians, immigrants, peasants, workers, and more of the lower class, for the poor, oppressed and trampled, the reality of everyday life to make dreams become cruel illusion and their dreams and rights to be traded, force and squeeze.
The poem explores the dark realms of life, such as the history of exploitation, and Outlines the unique struggles of the black and white people who make up America. These people, he says in the poem, had the most basic dream “that America might and should be able to achieve.” Hughes, an early American “pioneer” concludes his poem with an optimistic prediction and call for action that the people will rebuild what is healthy and sustainable. America should be America again is what the author has always emphasized.
My favorite poem that was written by Langston Hughes was Let America Be America Again. The poem conveys the message of the author’s wish by using various literature techniques which supports the content such as positive connotation and the contrast that expressed darkness and lightness of African American. Firstly repetition is cited as one of the author’s literature technique. For instance, he used “Let America be … Let it be… Let it be…” in the first stanza and also he used “I am the … ” repeatedly in the eighth and eleventh stanza. This repetition produced specific rhythm and organized unity in this poem. And also these rhythms and unity produced lightness and hopefulness so it gives a fresh impression of a new era of America to audiences but on the other hand, it also gives a dark impression because these are irony for the suffering and sorrow of African American who are in the darkness. This relates to a contrast that is another attraction that I felt from this poem. In the first stanza, a person is speaking full of hope for America but depressed feelings and anger of African American are expressed as the poem goes on. Is not “the free” given to everyone equally? Why do we (African American) need to suffer when other people (White people) are given “the free”? The contrast that was expressed by an atmosphere of all of this poem asks the real meaning of “the free” to audiences.
Life is fine is a free verse that was written by Langston Hughes which gains the most interest of me. In this poem, Langston describes two different kinds of situations when people are trying to die, drowning in the river and jumping from high. When Hughes is suffering the cold river, the coldness finally let him realize the feeling of dying and result in his fear and regret. Besides the broken relationship also contributes the author went to the high building to jump down, due to the scared hight, he retreats again. In this poem, there is a repetition of the words “cold” and “high.” The author shows that “ if the water hadn’t been so cold I might be sunk and died” and “if it hadn’t been so high and thought I would jump down.” Just because of that uncomfortable sensation when we are close to death, the preciousness of life is reflected, there is still one thing much essential than love which is also showed in the sixth stanza. “I could’ve died for love, but for livin’, I was born” also reveals that the love is one of the experiences you will go through during your life, although the power of love is so strong that it even can make people despair of life. However, it also can let a person reborn. But to him, this “love” didn’t give him any support except hurt and sad, so he decided although he was crying for his lost love and holler for the discontent in his life, he would still insist for himself, not to surrender for anyone. Not because of others, he was born for the living!
So he was saying at the end of this poem, “Life is fine! Fine as wine! Life is fine!”
The poem “As I Grew Older” by Langston Hughes raises interest to me. Not only does the short poem discuss the oppression of black people in America, but it also displays the idea through a meaningful metaphor. A wall is used to separate, used to divide and block out, in the poem it is mentioned repetitively that a wall is rising, blocking it’s victim from the light, the dream. Langston describes within his poem that he had almost forgotten his dream, although so he knew of its presence, he remembers the brightness of his dream. He had been younger back then, where he had little to none perspective on the oppression of his race within America “But it was there, In front of me.”. As Langston grew older, he had noticed a wall rising slowly, the wall, a metaphor for the oppression of the black. “Rose slowly, Slowly, between me and my dream.” The oppression and racism towards black people had become an obstacle for Langston, something which blocks the view of his bright bright dream, his future. The wall “Rose until it touched the sky”, signifying that it was almost impossible to get over it, that there was no way he could reach or see his dream anymore, his opportunities, his dream. It is then written in the poem “Shadow. I am black.” Perhaps this stanza would describe how Langston felt, realizing and thinking that he belongs in the shadow, belongs in the dark and he lies down, accepting the fact that he is dark, accepting the oppression and the racism. Suddenly, Langston turns the atmosphere of the poem 180 degrees, he has the desire for change, he reads free of the oppression and racism, fighting and breaking through the impossible. Langston hopes to chase his dream no matter the oppression, no matter the obstacles, the challenges. He is no longer blinded by the ones who oppress him.
Let America Be America Again is one of Langston Hughes famous poem. The content of the poem is about dream deferred, inequality and attaining freedom. This poem started with sad and pessimistic, but the ending of the poem is optimistic. The poem talked about the American dream at the beginning, and list the reason of why the American dream is gone. The dream is destroyed by the conspiracy of high identity people. And the equality is destroyed by the discrimination of racism and sexism. People who live in the low level of American, are suffering from these staff. They are the farmer, factory worker, and black people. People have no freedom in their life. The poem with a lot of irony in it. For example, there is a sentence, “ From Those who live like leeches on the people’s lives, We must take back our land again.” Here, the leeches seems a metaphor for the high identity of white people. They enjoy everything with no effort in life and they live a life depend on these low identity people’s work. In the starting structure, there is one optimistic paragraph with one pessimistic sentences. Here the pessimistic sentences are the real feeling of the Langston Hughes. It is a contrast between dream and reality. It also emphasizes his hope to idea American, a country with freedom, equality and everyone can chase their dream. “ Say, who are you that mumbles in the dark? And who are you that draws your veil across the star?” The idea of the freedom is blocked in his mind like the star with the veil across. Their dream also likes the star with the veil across, it can not be shown to everyone, because the inequality and no freedom is like the veil to block and stop their dream. The poem with the passionate and angry tone with little hope in the end, to wish the America can be American again.
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