“At the ‘Cadian Ball”and “The Storm”

In the passage of “At the ‘Cadian Ball'”, because of Alcee‘s rejection, Calixta accepts Bobinot’s love directly and promises to marry Bobinot, which makes Bobinot feel overjoyed. Obviously, emotions dictate Calixta’s decision at that time. In contrast to Calixta’s attraction to Alcee, Alcee truly loves Clarisee. Because Clarisee gradually begins to like Alcee, plus Alcee’s final cajoling of Clarisee,  which makes them finally together.

For The Storm”, Calixa and Alcee  are not really happy in their respective marriages. If Calixa is truly happy in her marriage, she will not have sex with Alicee. Likewise, Alcee is able to experience new pleasures while having sex with Calixta, a sign that his love life with his wife is not full. We can say that the various limitations of marriage deprive Calixa and Alicee  of their sexual pleasure in their respective marriages, so that they will have extramarital affairs in the context of storms. In the passage, such disloyalty on the part of both of them in the storm makes everyone happy in the end. Furthermore, author even reflects that sexual satisfaction outside of marriage is not negative and can increase the strength and happiness of the relationship between two people (As far as I am concerned, I cannot accept such behavior).


June 1st Independent reading journal

In the Part 1 chapter 10 of Richard Wright’s Black Boy, we can see that the idea of stealing comes to Richard after he finds that the savings he is saving every day mopping the hotel floor are too low.
In his hesitation he also ponders the link between racism and theft. Before that, Richard keeps changing jobs, like under the constant threat of racial discrimination, he often made mistakes that cost him his job. For example, on the way out of a hotel he complains about the wrongdoings of a black woman who has been harassed by a white man.

The southern whites would rather have had Negros who stole, work for them than Negroes who knew, however dimly, the worth of their own humanity. Hence, whites placed a premium upon black deceit; they encouraged irresponsibility.                                                                                                                                       (p. 200)

I like this passage because this is probably a true relationship between racism and black theft. White people encourage black people to commit stealing or other unethical behavior in order to support their theory that black people are inferior. As Richard is trying to reflect, the reason why white people encourage irresponsibility of black people is to support the lie of black inferiority. Like once black people show a normal human face or show all the true values of a human being (do right things), white people will feel scared because they are afraid that their own unjust positions will be untenable.


June 1st IRJ

The book Candide by Voltaire starts off about the life of a boy named Candide who lives in a castle in Westphalia. He kicked out of the castle and sets out on an adventure, Candide believes that everything happens for a reason.  About halfway through the story they reach the land of EL Dorado. This land seems to be imaginary because of the way Voltaire discribes it.

 The old man received the two strangers on a sofa stuffed with humming bird feathers and served them various liquors in diamond goblets (p. 57)

This quote is important to the story because the Land of El Dorado is a main event in the story. It is also one of the most interesting parts because of the imaginary aspect which which helps develop a clear picture the scene mentally.


June 1st IRJE

The book “The Summer I Turned Pretty” by Jenny Han, tells the story of a teenage girl who fall in love with both of the son’s of her mother’s best friend, every year they go to her house to spend the summer, they always treat her like a baby but when she starts to grow up their friends start looking at her for something else. until she finds a guy with whom she fell in love and they start dating but Conrad the guy with whom she was in love for many years begins to feel jealous since Belly (the girl) pays no more attention to him.

“I took a deep breath, and without even thinking I said to the girl, “I’ve known Conrad my hole life so let me be the one to tell you you’re barking up the wrong tree. Conrad will never love anyone as much as he loves himself, if you know what I mean”  (p.230)

What I liked about this paragraph is that it is true that sometimes we say things when we are angry and we do not even think about them, they might hurt someone, even when that’s the point at the end I think she didn’t wanted to say it though. Also the fact that they were fighting because Conrad was jealous and he didn’t let her go with her new “boyfriend” he was just acting like a fool but she didn’t notice he was trying to protect her because he likes her and that is the cute and beautiful part of this paragraph.





June 1st IRJE

Black Boy, written by Richard Wright gives a powerful account of Richard’s journey from innocence to experience. Throughout his childhood, Richard’s mother and granny are always trying to persuade him to believe in God and join the church, but he always refuses. One night at church, the preacher isolated the people belonging to no church and the people professing no religion and brought them all into a room. The preacher tells them that they are in great peril and he wants the members of the church to pray for them. The preacher calls up the mothers of the boys to kneel and pray for them. Richard’s mother begs him to believe in God, for if he didn’t his mother would be embarrassed in front of the entire church. This forced Richard to shake the preacher’s hand and become a candidate for baptism. However, being baptized didn’t change Richard’s mind about God.

Even after recieving the “right hand of fellowship,” Sunday school bored me. The Bible stories seemed slow and meaningless when compared to the bloody thunder of pulp narrative. And I was not alone in feeling this; other boys went to sleep in Sunday school. Finally the boldest of us confessed that the entire thing was a fraud and we played hooky from church. (p. 155)

I like this passage because even though Richard got tricked into being baptized, he still stuck with what he believed in and not what everyone around him was telling him.


Do you ever really settle with settling? “the storm and at the cadian ball”-Isaac Salvador

When I was reading “at the Cadian Ball”, it took me a while to understand who was who with all the characters. I was confused a lot because I thought that the name “Alcée” was a girls name. I was really confused because it said his or him but  then I finally realized it was because it was a he. I was a bit disappointed with the chapter/story because Calixta was into Alcée and they ended up not together and then later on, when they were both married, being unfaithful to their spouses. I think that Calixta is happy in her marriage but that she had passion for Alcée that she doesn’t have with Bobinot. I think that she likes him and who he represents and that she would like someone like him to be the father to her kid. However, I think that she is attracted to Alcée in a romantic way that she does not find in Bobinot.

“When he touvhed her breasts they gave themselves up in quivering extacy, inviting his lips. Her mouth was a fountain of delight. And when he possessed her, they seemed to swoon together at the very borderland of life’s myserty”[270]

I think that she does not regret being with Alcée but that she also loves Bobinot. I think that the two of them are what she wants as she does not find the one person she wants to be with. I think that what she did was morally wrong and I really disliked that part, but I do think that she does deserve what she wants, which is an entirely different man altogether.


At the Cadian Ball and The Storm

I think Calixta marries Bobinot because she knows that he is in love with her. I think that Alcee marries Clarisse because she told him that she loves him. I think that both Calixta and Alcee are unhappy in their marriages because if they were happy, then they wouldn’t have been unfaithful. There wasn’t any consequence to their unfaithfulness because they weren’t caught, but if they had been caught they would have been divorced. The Storm raises questions about marriage and moral values when Clarisse receives Alcee’s letter. Clarisse doesn’t seem to be happy with her marriage, but she feels that she must always be loyal to her husband, even though he isn’t being loyal to her.


The Cadian Ball and The Storm

Kate Chopin has many works that sparked controversy. This includes At The Cadian Ball and The Storm. These works can be considered as a part 1 and 2 of the same story and they both have a similar theme. The difference between love vs attraction. In At The Cadian Ball, from the very beginning we can see that Bobinot may have a hard time deciphering these alike terms.

Why could he not love Ozenia? Who would marry him tomorrow; or Fronie, or any of a dozen others, rather than that little Spanish vixen? Calixta… (179)

This supports the claim that Bobinot may not be faithful and he is looking more  for attraction rather than love. In The Storm we see something similar happening. Neither Calixta or Alcee are happy in their marriages and end up sleeping with each other. However, this is not love, this is attraction. Love lasts much longer than 1 night with each other, attraction does not. That is why  it was easy for Calixta to go back to Bobinot. I found both of these works to be quite interesting and they raised a lot of interesting questions that I would like to look into deeper in the future.


The end of Black Boy

With all the problems in Richard’s life, with his family, with the whites of the South, with his school principal. The fact that facing the Communist Party comes from the experiences it has lived. Although he has sometimes had insecurity, he has always fought for himself. And the first contacts he has had with communism is thanks to the party, but at no time is communism made Richard change his ideas of changing the world. Because whatever he does with the Party he can have his thoughts and feelings. While Richard has spent much of his life running away from problems or confronting them impulsively, it is now seen that he has a more positive outlook on life. Richard wants to unite the suffering peoples of the world through communism. But while the party tries to subdue him Richard could give up and be part of cynicism, he finds a way to solve his problems.

“maybe that’s the way it’s always been with man . . .”

Richard has finally come to think of himself as a thinker-artist, accepting the difficulties and limitations associated with such a profession. He understands the imperfect world around him, and he knows he’ll never find a perfect environment. Richard seems determined to become an artist. After all, if he lived in a perfect society, he would no longer have to challenge the world through writing. Richard’s artistic sense of duty is what carries the artistic maturity needed to write his great novels.

“without any dream of skipping the prospect of great unity”


The Cadian Ball and the Storm – Eloise

These two short stories by Kate Chopin follow two couples. Bobinot marries Calixta, and Alèes marries Clarisse.  However Calixta and Alèes are attracted to each other. Some of the questions raised are whether Calixta and Alèes are happy in their marriages. I think that really depends on what part of the marriage you look at. I don’t think either of them truly love their spouses, but I don’t think they are happy in the marriage. I also don’t think that Calixta and Alèes love each other, Alèes seems to be attracted to Calixtas body during the storm.

He pushed her hair back

from her face that was warm and steaming.

Her lips were as red and moist as

pomegranate seed. Her white neck and a

glimpse of her full, firm bosom disturbed

him powerfully (II)

She was frightened by the storm yet he was focused on how she looked. I didn’t really see an honest connection between them. I do think they are both happy where they are in life though. Caixta has her family and was worried about them getting out of the storm and staying safe which means she does care about them, and Alèes sent a loving letter to his wife at the end of the story checking is and making sure she was okay.


Also in The Storm I noticed that “their” was spelt “the:r” and im not sure if that is just a typo or if it means anything.

Calixta felt him to see if he

were dry, and seemed to express nothing but

satisfaction at the:r safe return.


At the Cadian Ball and The Storm

One topic that I noticed was brought up in both at the Cadian ball and the storm was about marriage. In the Cadian ball story this is shown through the relationship between Bobinot and Calixta, he is in love with her, but she does not feel the same way about him. This left me questioning why she would marry him she didn’t really love him and does he know she docent really love him. The other relationship in this story was between Alcée and Clarisse. At the ball it is shown that Alcée is in love with Clarisse and with Calixta but in the end he ends up marrying Clarisse. This made me question what the reasoning was for him choosing to marry Clarisse. After reading The Storm I was mainly left with questions about the idea of people actually loving the people they are married to and why they are not loyal to them. In the example of Calixta not being loyal to her husband I think it is because although she agreed to marry him she was not truly happy in her relationship with him and she did not truly love him.


At the Cadian Ball and The Storm

I believe that the reason Calixta married Bobinot is because he actually cared about her, and made sure she was happy and comfortable. Alcee marries Clarisse because she told him she loved him. I think that Callixta is happy in her marriage, because Bobinot trears her well. I also think that Alcee is happy in his marriage, because he loves Clarisse and she loves him. when Calixta and Alcee are unfaithful to their spouses, there are no consequences, because they never tell anybody what happened and go on with their lives normally. The Storm raises questions about marriage and controversial moral values because of the infidelity that takes place. I do not believe that if people do cheat on their spouses, they should try to keep it from the other person, because if the other person eventually finds out from someone else, it will be a lot worse than if they just tell them as soon as it happens. It is not good to cheat on your husband or wife, but  it is better to tell the truth if you do.


June 1st IRJE- Andrea

In “You” by Caroline Kepnes, the author shows us some irony in the book that raises a lot of questions. The plot of the book is based on Joe being Beck’s stalker, but to what point does beck become crazy about joes two that she is also willing to do anything just like he does.

“I get it, okay? You don’t hear from me for a while and then I call you fifty times and show up at your doorstep like some crazy stalker” (p. 210).

This is something Beck tells Joe when going to his house after he hadn´t heard from her for weeks. And she tells him how she bribed a little kid into giving her his address. I thought it was something really ironic, how she says that Joe is going to think of her as a crazy stalker, when in reality Joe is the crazy one who is willing to murder someone in order to get to her.


Ethical side of Kate Chopin’s “At the ‘Cadian ball”

Two stories, named “At the ‘Cadian ball” and “The storm” by the author Kate Chopin written in the 1892.The plot talks about 2 unfaithful people – Alcee and Calixta, who have met each other and had some feeling forming, but ended up going different ways. The second story continues the first, moving forward 3-4 years, where both characters who have started famililes and got children meet once again and be unfaithful to their spouses. The plot raises issues still important in the modern world, questioning the established ethical and moral norms which have worked for centuries, such as monogamous dyadic relationships, the institute of marriage and the effect of former on happiness of those in a marriage.
The first observation about the play can be be observed two times, and may be seen in both characters. First time is shown by Alcee, who leaves Calixta with Clarisse:
Clarisse, without a word without a glance back at the girl. He had forgotten he was leaving her there. But Carisse whispered something to him, and he turned back to say “Good-night, Calixta”. And offer his hand to press through the railing. She pretended not to see it.
Kate Chopin, The Awakening and selected stories, page 187
In this extract Alcee does not show any feelings for Calixta or sadness when leaving her, despite being physically close to her minutes ago. He almost forgets about even saying a word to her when leaving. This is sign tells us that Alcee does not care for women as long-term companions, nor as a loving partner. He forgot about Calixta in matter of minutes and gone back to his life. This may be seen a claim, that there are some people who do not care about feelings or long-terms relationships, they are polygamous, they do not fix on one partner only. This is shown again on the next page, where Calixta says she does not care whether Bobinot marries her. However, when he asked her to kiss him, Calixta refuses, saying she does not want to. This shows that she chooses Bobinot as a long-term partner not for the love, but for the practicality of it. So does Alcee, when Clarisse expresses her feelings for him. He decides to settle down with her, despite not having feelings for her.
The second observation can be seen in the second part of the story, and again, can be seen in both characters (which is another observation of sort). During a storm, families of Alcee and Calixta are separated, and Alcee finds her house as a shelter. The two characters left alone in an empty house end up making love. Later, when Bobinot and his son come back, Calixta acts in a much more happy and enthusiastic way:
Bobinot’s explanations and apoligues which he had been composing all along the way, died on his lips as Calixta felt him to see if he were dry, and seemed to express nothing but satisfaction at their safe return.
Kate Chopin, “The Storm”, end of part III”
Alcee seemed to act in a more happy way as well, writing a letter to his wife. This shows again a point that the author raises, perhaps the some people prefer polygamous relationships, and feel better than when stopping themselves from forming new relationships with other people.
In conclusion, the author Kate Chopin raises some questions important throughout the years, still relevant today. Ethics of polygamous relationships is a dilemma discussed between more liberal and conservative people. While showing this issue, the author also touched on the subject of equality and feminism, where the issue was shown on both a man and a woman.

The storm

All of the past plays we read in English Literature have the same theme that the author tried to express, the possibility of a woman. A major idea of Kate Chopin’s is how women feeling unhappy and subjugate in marriage. In the short story called At the “Cadian Ball”, Calixtra doesn’t have proper manners for a lady during this time. She doesn’t have any limits on her physical and verbal activities.  She is also taking care of her home, she is super obsessed with keeping the house clean. As soon as her husband returns home from the storm, he hopes that  Calixta wouldn’t be mad about the mess. These actions show that he cares what his wife thinks, he wants to please her and he clearly loves her. The storm is a  setting of the story and a very important symbol. I have noticed that Chopin is using French phrases, which has a big impact on us, as we learn about another theme of the story which is culture. The similarities between this short story and “Pygamion” is how upper-class people treat the ones who are lower them. Alcee won’t marry Calixtra because she is from the lower class. The authors tell us about the character and what classes they belong to by showing the manners of their speaking. In my opinion, the main accent of the short story is on women making decisions, Calixtra is suffering because she is silent, on the other hand, Clarisse takes what she wants as she “haunts” her wants.




At the Cadian ball and The storm stories

In “At the cadian ball” by Kate Chopin, it is clear how both love and attraction are two different things. Attraction is mistaken for love in this story. The story’s plot is about the lives of two men and two woman who have different stories, yet they all meet at a certain point. The first couple that the story introduces the readers with is Bobinot and Calixta, he is in love with her, but she her feelings for him are not the same. This is clear when in page 187, he asks to kiss her and she replies, “I don’t want to kiss you, Bobinot”. So, one of the main questions raised after reading this is why does Calixta marry Bobinot if she did not love him? Then the author introduces us with the second man, Alcée, who was attending to the ball that Bobinot did not wanted to attend, so Bobinot becomes worried that Alicée can try to flirt with Calixta. But Alcée is in love with the second women called Clarisse. At the ball something happens between Alcée and Calixta, but the both end up returning to the ones they are supposed to be in love with. And Alcée ends up marrying Clarisse, and Calixta ends up marrying Bobinot. But then another question is raised, are they both happy in their marriages? And I think Calixta is not because she does not love Bobinot, but I do think that Alicée is, even though he had a thing for Calixta, he did love Clarisse too.

Then in “The storm”, the sequel to “At the cadian ball” the author shows us a different side to the previous story. Calixta and her husband were in the middle of a storm their son Bibi was playing outside, so while Bobinot went to find him, Calixta reencountered with Alicée and she offered him shelter, but it was something more than shelter, and while his husband was out in the storm, she was happily having an affair and being unfaithful to her husband. She had no consequences for her infidelity because as her husband returns, Alicée disappears, and she stays quiet, as if nothing had happened. I think that in these stories marriage does not mean love and loyalty, Calixta does not Bobinot, and she is not compromised to him, so why is she married to him? I also noticed that as they both cheated to their partners and acted as nothing happened, they seemed kinder to their families, how Alicée writes a love letter to his wife and how Calixta has a family dinner. The lies seem to make their marriage stronger instead of destroying it.


Short Stories

While Bobinot and Bibi are stuck in a shop because of a storm, Calixta is home being infidel to her husband. What bothered me the most about these short stories is how in the first one, The ‘Cadian Ball appears to have a happy ending.  However in The Storm, there is a happy ending as well, but this is because there were no consequences to Calixta’s and Alcée’s actions. In these stories, I am annoyed about two things.  Spanish people are pictured as indecent you could say. The second thing is that Calixta is bold enough to sit at the table with her husband and child as if nothing happened. She won’t suffer any consequences. I do not understand the meaning of these texts, but if I had a guess it would be that marriage is meaningless, or that sex is extremely glorified. Maybe it is seen as something very important and it shouldn’t be. Anyway, I disliked the ending.


The ‘Cadian Ball

I found it interesting that in “The Storm” Bobinot’s name did not have an accent on it, but in “The ‘Cadian Ball” it was spelled “Bobinôt”. I especially liked the vivid imagery.

The rain was over; and the sun was turning the glistening green world into a palace of gems. [2]

This was after the great storm and Bobinot is describing what the world looked like.

I do not understand what this sentence means.

Bobinot and Bibi, trudging home, stopped without at the cistern to make themselves presentable.

Why is the word “without” there?

Overall, I enjoyed reading the two short stories. Sometimes it became a little hard to read with bits of Creole mixed in. After I realized that the beginnings and ending of words are cut off, and figured out some of the French words, it became easier to read.


At The Cadian Ball & The Storm

When reading a book or watching a movie, I always hope the people that are in love get to be together. So in “At The Cadian Ball” I was a bit disappointed that Calixta and Alcee did not end up together. After reading “The Storm”, my disappointment did fade away a bit because although the 2 lovers did not end up together, they are still happy in their marriages

It is interesting that so long ago, people would host soirees for Cajun people to find the people we would marry. Now, that would seem odd to go to a soiree and find your person in that crowd of people.


A complicated love story

At first, it is clear that Bobinét is attracted to Calixta’s appearance, rather than his personality, then it is not certain whether it is love or only for the physique. Calixta’s behavior inappropriate for a 19th-century lady, in a culture that values women’s manners, yet Bobinét still loves her as she wants to protect her, and this shows that her feelings for her are more than attraction. Clarisse’s disapproval of Alcée’s attendance shows that although she rejected Alcée, Clarisse is really interested in him. Alcée is in love with Clarisse, but it’s unclear if she wants to be with her or if she’s only attracted to something shallow. It seems that the Laballiére family is of a higher social class than ball-goers and does not usually attend such social events. This shows the importance that has been imposed on status in Southern society.

The storm is a metaphor that represents the love of Calixta and Alcée. Chopin indicates that the feelings of the two are natural, representing this with things of nature, comparing Alcée to the sun and Calixta with a lily. The storm is not only natural but  it’s also powerful, like their love. But the storm also does little damage. They faint together, in this union of true love. For Chopin, that’s the only proper relationship between the sexes, the only one that’s likely to bring happiness.



Candide by Voltaire started slow with little interest about a boy named Candide that lived in a castle along with other characters. Once he was kicked out of the castle he started his journey. The book began to gain my interest when the book took me through the places he went and the people he met. One of the most interesting parts of the book is that Candide believes that all things happen for a reason and that helps guid him to his next destination.


Candide Personal Response

          Candide, written by Voltaire is a novel where our protagonist experienced many mis-fortunes. At the beginning of the book I didn’t understood why it is that it follows a really fast pace, where the author instead of giving many details tells many stories. I found interesting how evert single character had their own amazing adventures full of ups and downs. I think that my favorite part was when they arrived at El Dorado and how after all they had suffered they finally found a utopia. And after finishing the book I still can’t understand why they left and if I would do the same under the same circumstances. I this made me question myself about what are people willing to to do for love, and if people often regret their decisions such as Candide. I found ironic how after all they’ve been through and are finally at peace they are bored and maybe worst than sometimes in their past. This made me think about something I heard a couple of days ago: “sometimes we are happy and don’t even know it”. And if I look back to Candide’s life, he was. He enjoyed his time traveling with his companions, being rich in Paris and going to the theater, or his time at El Dorado. So after this I think we can answer that dilemma Martin and Candide had on whether people are really happy. 


Candide’s Personal Response

Candide talks about a man who goes through many tough events and things in life, and despite all the bad things that happen to him he’s always been optimistic and trying to see the best of life. I remember that at the beginning of the story it was very difficult to understand since many events happened at the same time and the story went too fast that confused me, but as the story unfolded, things became clearer and it was much easier to understand the story.What I liked was that despite all the bad things that happened to candide he was always very optimistic, I went through many terrible situations but he always came out ahead and I think this is also an important message that the author wanted to give us. Even what I found interesting was the fact that at the end of the story all the people who had disappeared were reunited and that made me think that sometimes we think that we will not see certain people in our lives again but we ended up meeting at the end of everything.

This book has a lot of interesting and different messages that we as readers can identify and think about them.



Candide Personal Response

Candide is Voltaire’s masterpiece of philosophical satire.
By combining the third-person narration, Voltaire brings readers’ thoughts easily into the various experiences of Candide, which plays a role of ideological enlightenment at that time. I find that Candide’s series of miserable experiences are actually Voltaire’s personal experience and psychological process after I understand Voltaire’s lifetime, and all of these things represent the corrupt and ignorant social reality at that time.

There are many themes that Voltaire shows throughout the whole story. As far as I am concerned, the most impressive theme is the criticism of “Optimism”. I think Voltaire uses the whole adventure as a preparation for Candide’s total denial of “Everything is for the best in the world” in the end, like we can clearly see the change of Candide’s attitudes towards Pangloss’ s doctrine with he  experiencing more and more disasters. At the beginning, Voltaire sets the whole situation into the background of optimism, and everyone still advocates the doctrine of Pangloss, especially Candide. The first time that Candide begins to suspect “Optimism” is the death of kind Jacques, which not only shows the reduction of his image of the best world and his pain, but also reveals Voltaire’s preliminary critique of the fatuous logic of optimism. Candide’s views on this doctrine have changed over the course of his adventures until he sees a black man with a leg cut off and he really begins to reject the idea of the best world. The feeling “I finally must renounce your Optimism”(Candide, p. 64) has proven it. Finally, after an unexpected reunion and the Turk’s enlightenment, Candide decides to abandon “Optimism” altogether and makes up his mind to create beauty with his own hands-“We must cultivate our garden” (Candide, p. 119).

All in all, Voltaire wants to use Candide to satirize Leibniz’s belief and tell that the pious but suffering man must abandon the illusion of “everything is for the best in this world” in their head and take their tools in their hand to create real beauty (to cultivate their “garden”).

For me, this is a meaningful book and plays an essential role in mental revolution for that society.


A Doll’s House video response

The differences between the movie and the novel are distinctive. The movie provides facial expressions from the characters to complement the dialogue. Whereas the novel is based on your imagination of the imagery. At the end of the film, Nora and Torvald had long conversations and long pauses in between. The novel is less time-consuming in terms of long pauses, but the tension did not escalate into a messy fight like the movie. Finally, the movie captures Nora’s ignorance, neglecting consequences from society. The novel’s dialogue on portraying her ignorance used vague words to describe her uncertainty to the community.


Candide Personal Response

Candide, written by Voltaire, describes the misadventures of the main character Candide. I did not find the beginning of the story very enjoyable because I found it quite slow. However, the story does move faster later on in the book. There were many parts of Candide that I did enjoy. I found Cunegonde’s and the old woman’s stories very interesting. I also liked reading about Candide’s adventure in El Dorado. I thought that some parts of the book were quite humourous which I also liked. Overall, I enjoyed Candide and I think that it’s a good book.


Personal Response of Candide

Candide is a book that touches on many emotional themes such as the theme of a more and happiness but the one that I notice the most notice that it focused was that of human suffering.
Cándido worries about finding the best way to approach life. I was able to identify that  Candide was educated in a way based on optimism. However, he doubts the philosophy of optimism and ends up by not accepting it. His search is focused on seeing if optimism has something truth. And finally the experiences bring him a little closer to optimism.


A Doll’s House PR- Andrea

After reading “A Doll’s House” by Henrik Ibsen, I realized that this play raises a lot of questions related to love, marriage, lies, women, etc. I think that the most important question raised is whether Torvald knows Nora well enough in order to love her. Throughout the play we see how Nora and Torvald realize that they never really had true love in their relationship, and I think that this could have been because they both have different perspectives of what love means. I think that also the way Torvald treats Nora has to do so much with the book’s title, as she says that Torvald only treats her as a doll-wife and how he thinks she is little and delicate, and he sometimes treats her with love and affection, yet sometimes he is also very mean and cruel to her. Another important issue in this play, that brings conflict and drama to it, is lies. Lies are also really important throughout the play, I think it is also what ended up breaking Nora and Torvalds’s marriage, because Nora got tangled in a web of lies, and a good marriage needs trust and honesty, which in their case they did not have. Also, money had to do with this lies, so it can be seen as something very toxic in the play, something that causes relationships to break. I really liked how the play ended, because she was very clear with the decision of living her husband and even though it was kind of like an open ending because we did not know where se went, it was also like a close ending because after Nora made her decision, it doesn’t raise any questions for the reader, or at least for me, on what Nora is going to do next.

I think that both the play and the film are similar because they both address these important topics the same. I think that the way the characters are described in the play match the characters from the film, same happens with the setting, the way I imagined the house and the setting to be is pretty much the same as in the film. One big difference from the film and the play is that in the play we see how Nora is very distant to their children and she doesn’t really seem to care much for them, and in the fil version there is a scene where she finds her daughter in the hallway and she was supposed to be in bed so Nora shows how she actually cares for her. But I think that overall, the two main differences are the scenes that happen between Dr. Rank and Nora, and the final scene at the end with Nora and Torvald, we see that even the dialogue in this final scene changed a lot from the original play. I personally liked better the film version better because they modified the ending a little bit and it explains more the name of the play and why Nora leaves. This comparison is also similar to “Pygmalion”, because they also did a major change from the play to the film version, when they made Eliza come back in the film, but in the play is an open ending where she leaves. I think in both plays, love plays and important role, because both women are involved in bad relationships, even though in “Pygmalion” Eliza´s relationship with Higgins in not that clear, but at the end of both plays, the women leave.



Pygmalion PR

Since I started reading this play I knew Higgins was going to get me mad a lot of times, that is because he treats Eliza so poorly and he talks to her the same way. That is visible now too, upper classes treating lower classes as if they owned them. I think that apart from that Higgins is a good person, he can’t control that because maybe that was the idea back then, he has good intentions with Eliza even though it looks like if he is just experimenting on her as in the play it has been said as it to be an experiment only, I also think Higgins as time passes starts to understand that Eliza is not just an experiment.

When I compare Pygmalion to A dolls House the first thing that comes to my mind is men treating woman as objects, but as you read through you can see that both woman in both books have some respect for themselves and in that I really like that. I can also see how in both books, both women wants to take control of themselves, You can see at the end of Pygmalion, Elisa becomes Independent.



During an evening walk in London, phonetics professor Henry Higgins meets a flower girl Eliza Doolittle, who is not distinguished by any manners of a middle-class girl, nor a competent articulate speech. Confident of his abilities, Henry makes a bet with his friend Colonel Pickering that in six months he will be able to turn the girl from a street vendor into a real duchess. Eliza, dreaming of a different life, agrees to take part in this experiment.

The cast of “Pygmalion” also left quite favorable impressions. Leslie Howard in the role of Professor Henry Higgins, a convinced bachelor, an accomplished cynic, and at the same time a talented professor of phonetics, in which, despite his stiffness, his “creation” managed to arouse real feelings.The performance of the British movie legend Wendy Hiller, for whom the role of Eliza Doolittle became a debut on a big scene and who managed to convey that transformation that took place not only outside but also inside herself.

Directed by Anthony Esquit and Leslie Howard, they created an intellectual comedy that is noted not only by its original humor but also affected by deep acute and social problems. On the one hand, the movie exposes the theme of social basics, more precisely, that with hard work and personal desire, you can achieve unprecedented results. The movie clearly taunts the representatives of the “royal blood” who are contemptuous of all the lower classes and perceiving them as an inanimate object, and therefore, with all their intellectual skills, they are morally and spiritually lower, as Higgins sank at the end of the film, when, despite the obvious, the successes of Eliza, still treated her as a subhuman, as a result of which he almost lost her forever.

The plot of the film almost entirely follows the content of the play. In the story, Eliza, dreams of getting a job in a real flower shop or getting a job as a maid with decent people, understands that she needs to change to realize her dream, and Professor Higgins can help her with this. Having decided to take private lessons from him, she did not imagine that she would have to move to him, where for the next six months they would drill her until they turned into real works of art, as Pygmalion had done with the statue of Galatea. The only problem is that the convinced bachelor Higgins involuntarily falls in love with his creation, but fearing to admit it and at the same time lose, stubbornly continues to scoff at even when Eliza did not deserve it. Eliza, who has become a real well-educated lady and has realized her place in this world, is ready to leave Higgins forever. The inner world of a person is not only how we talk, but how we perceive the world around us, our accumulated life experience, our impressions, emotions, and feelings. I sympathize with the girl who unwittingly became an experiment in her professional, but a little crazy, puts her subject at the forefront, if we say the right thing, then everything will work out right away in life and everything will be fine and excellent. Higgins does not see a woman in her, he does not perceive her as a person, he tried to prove something to himself and it laid consequences.

Summary In general, Pygmalion is a good adaptation of Bernard Shaw’s play, which has its own unique atmosphere of witty humor and deep philosophy. Although the movie turned out to be more romantic and cheerful than the original play, this did not aggravate the overall impression of viewing. Despite the years, this movie has not lost its relevance and remains interesting for many generations.

Talking about the similarities between “The Doll’s House” by Henrik Ibsen’sand “Pygmalion” by George Bernard Shaw’, the main problem of both plays is the transformation of Nora and Eliza which ultimately changes each of the women. As an example, Nora assumes the responsibilities of a wife; Eliza assumes the responsibilities for learning, and caring for Higgins and his home. However, in terms of Nora’s growth as a person, she is sure about her decision, that she can no longer live with her husband,  Eliza’s growth as a person is shown in the sense of herself, making her more demanding of men respect.


Post without a title by Isaac

Pygmalion, the play, by George Bernard Shaw was a twist on the original myth of Pygmalion. It took the classic form of the sculptor and turned it into a human. In the Myth of Pygmalion, the sculptor makes the statue and in the end they fall in love with each other and live happily ever after. In the play by Shaw, Dr. Higgins tries to transform Eliza (who the statue is in the story) into what he would see as this perfect woman and in the end, he is in love with her but they don’t live happily ever after. With the original Myth, there was the statue who was not alive and then got turned to life but in the play we looked at, Eliza was already a person and Higgins tried to make her into a new one of what he wanted her to be like. It made Eliza more like the statue as Higgins saw her more as a product than a person and that was the same case as in a “Doll’s house” with the men objectifying the women and treating them more like a possession than a person.

“I paid him five pounds for her”[Act 5 Pygmalion]

“Is that my song-lark chirruping out there?…Is that my little squirrel rummaging in there?”[P. 110 A Doll’s House]

In the play by George Bernard Shaw and Henrik Ibsen, there is a lot of sexism that then later turns into a  female empowerment ending with the women leaving the men and being independent.

“As I am now, I am no wife for you. … Listen Torvald, when a wife leaves her husband’s house, as i am now doing, I’ve heard that he is freed according to teh law from  all obligations towards her.” [P. 187 A Doll’s House]


Then I shall not see you again, Professor. Good bye. [She goes to the door].

[coming to Higgins] Good-bye, dear.

Good-bye, mother. [He is about to kiss her, when he recollects something]. Oh, by the way, Eliza, order a ham and a Stilton cheese, will you? And buy me a pair of reindeer gloves, number eights, and a tie to match that new suit of mine, at Eale & Binman’s. You can choose the color. [His cheerful, careless, vigorous voice shows that he is incorrigible].

[disdainfully] Buy them yourself. [She sweeps out].” [End of act 5]

When I was reading the play of Pygmalion, I would read it as Eliza being very helpless at the beginnig and that she would look up to Dr. Higgins as some great person. Later when I watched the movie, the ideas of what the characters were like completely changed for me and made it a whole different story. I think the biggest difference for all movies and the plays is how we use our imagination to see the characters than to see them with our eyes and ears. You can have the exact same words and script and directions but when you are wathingt the play, your brain has a fixed idea of what they are like and it doesn’t allow any room for imagination.

Overall I really enjoyed reading George Bernard Shaw’s “Pygmalion” but I was disappointed at first because I thought it was going to be set in a Greek Mythology/story setting and so I was a bit discouraged after it was a more modern piece but still overall i enjoyed reading it and it got better and better as I went along and as Eliza grew more into a strong independent character.


Personal Response to Pygmalion

Although George Bernard Shaw based his storyline on the Greek myth of Pygmalion, a sculptor who fell in love with his own creation, Shaw’s version of the story is astounding. I am not typically intrigued by a lot of books and plays, however there is something about Shaw’s take on the Greek myth that catches my eye. Something that most definitely caught my eye was Eliza herself and what she represents in a modern day society like our own. Although in the original storyline, Eliza represents the sculpture that Higgins “creates”, but I have come to believe that she represents so much more. She represents all of us, and Higgins represents our society feeling the need to change who we are born to be. As we grow up we are heavily influenced by our toxic society to change how we were born, especially women. For as long as we can remember, women have been pushed by society into a little box of societal perfection, created by misogyny. Whether it is the message that what we wear is too distracting for the boys and we have to change because they cannot control themselves, or the simple idea that we are not and will never be good enough.

In the film version of the play, I could visually see the pain Eliza felt during the unenjoyable process of changing herself into what the world, or more so Higgins, wanted her to be. Although Higgins may have loved her in some sort of way, his misogynistic behavior is a simple explanation as to why Eliza wanted her independence back that she had before meeting Higgins. Although we all may have wanted the happily ever after between the two, just as we saw in A Doll’s House, it was never meant to be. Eliza and Nora both are women looking for their independence in a society filled with misogynistic behavior, and after a long run of suffering, they both got their independence. I personally enjoyed this play because, just like in A Doll’s House, these female characters are inspiring to women to not be afraid of taking charge of their own life and being independent. Because we are all capable of being independent, we just need the confidence to be like the two beautiful ladies in these two plays written by Shaw.


May 15th Independent reading journal

In the Part 1 chapter 7 of Richard Wright’s Black Boy, we can see that Richard begins to learn more about himself and his surroundings as well as the relationship between the environment around him and his present and future after he receives denials from everyone, including his own family, of the story The Voodoo of Hell’s Half-Acre he had published in the papers. Before that, Richard has done some research on race. For his short story, his classmates alienate him because they cannot understand his motives of writing such story. His families also object on various grounds, like Granny thinks this kind of story is like a lie, and mum thinks writing such things will make him look like he has weak mind which will affect his future. All these are constantly tempering Richard’s mind and heart.

As the outside world grew more meaningful, I become more meaningful, I became more concerned, tense…In me was shaping a yearning for a kind of consciousness, a mode of being that the way of life about me had said not to be, must bot be, and upon which the penalty of death had been placed.

(p. 169)

I like this passage because I think the author’s inner thoughts and reflections on his own situation and the changes in the outside world are valuable. We probably can see that Richard at that time has clearly observed the outside environment which will become a huge obstacle to his life. Although his dream (“a conscious desire” and “a way of life”) has established, but living in a place where the aspirations of the Negro are limited, he will always be on the wrong track, that’s why Richard expresses this feeling. To him, many things that exist, such as educational system, law and so on, are like lies that kill one’s dreams, which urges pushing against the current of environment is kind of like a crime.


Pygmalion personal response

I think that watching the movie helped me understand better than the book. The first thing I heard in the movie was the Cockney accent. This helped me a lot, because when I read the play I was trying to imagine what Eliza sounded like when she spoke, but when I heard this I didn’t need to. I also liked how when I watched the movie, I could actually see the setting, which helped me because it showed what the city was actually like during that time, both the rich parts and the poorer parts. I also liked how it showed what the poor people and the rich people dressed and looked like, because it helped me see why Higgins and Colonel Pickering wanted to turn Eliza from a street urchin into a duchess. Seeing everything in a visual way just helped me understand the story more.

Similarities that I found between Pygmalion and a Doll’s House are that both Higgins and Torvald seem to be similar, in that they don’t seem to think women are worthy of their time and attention, and all they are trying to do is change the main female character to have their tastes, and look like they want them to look. Another similarity I found is that at the end of both plays, both Eliza and Nora realize they are being mistreated, and leave to start a new life. I think another similarity between these two characters is that both of them are looked down upon by society. Eliza is looked down upon because she is just a poor girl who sells flowers, and Nora is looked down upon because she is a woman, and Torvald and the other men in the play think she cannot do anything on her own.


Pygmalion and A Doll’s House


Watching the movie of Pygmalion helped me to picture the play and the plot of the movie a little bit better. It allowed me to understand the socio-economical levels and how much they have changed since the movie was filmed.

There is also differences between the play and the book, as always, in a film you have certain amount of time to set a story or a book. The book will always be a more complete version of the plot and sometimes you don’t find that much differences but in little details.

Both movie and play shows us that when  Higgins turns Eliza into a duchess. He didn’t give her just class and status but he also took her independence away because she is not fit to sell anything else. What happens is that if Eliza doesn’t get married, she will not have anyone to provide and take care of her. Thus Higgins indirectly limited Eliza’s opportunities making her dependent on men and during the movie, when she goes back to Higgins, she loses power in her character even though it was of her own free will and not on necessity, she still loses the power she had before.


Several years ago, men had little respect for women because of their gender. Females were not given the rights they deserve. They were controlled by their fathers, then handed straight over to their husbands. Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House and Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion have occurrences that show similarities between the two female protagonists, Nora Helmer and Eliza Doolittle. Nora and Eliza are comparable in several different ways because both go through experiences with powerful outcomes ultimately transforming their lives throughout the play.

Nora and Eliza are disrespected through the entire play by the men they are dependent on the most. Mr. Higgins and Torvald complete controls Eliza’s and Nora’s lives, giving them absolutely no freedom to live the life they deserve. Torvald and Nora do not have the typical husband and wife relationship. Torvald treats Nora how a protective father would treat his daughter, she considers herself a doll living in his doll house. Nora obeys everything Torvald says and he makes all of her decisions. Nora is always stuck in the house with absolutely nothing to do except play with the children. In the end of the play, Nora tells Torvald how she feels about the way he treats her.

“I mean that I was simply handed over from Papa to you.” (A Doll’s House, pg 111)



The importance of self-worth or personal response to Pygmalion

“Pygmalion” is a play written by George Bernard Shaw and published in 1913. It is story built on top of Greek myth about a king and a sculptor Pygmalion and his feelings to the statue of his own creation.

The Pygmalion play tells us about a genius phonetics professor Henry Higgins, his comrade Colonel Pickering, a common flowergirl Eliza Doolittle and the bet made by Mr. Higgins with Pickering that in six months he will be able to teach Eliza the phonetics and manners good enough to pass her off as a duchess at an ambassador’s garden party.

A first clear observation about the play, which is also one of the most important aspects of it, is the way how Higgins’ treats Eliza. One might argue that in Pygmalion, Professor Higgins treats Eliza like a property or a dog

“Eliza returns with a pair of large down-at-heel slippers. She places them on the carpet before Higgins, and sits as before without a word.

                                                  Pygmalion, 12th line of Act IV”

While Higgins treats Eliza in a way that one that some might call “less than”, unlike Pickering, it is a part of Higgins’ character. His lack of empathy, poor caring about other people’s feelings and ease on the use of explicit language build the prototype for Higgins’ character, Eliza is not the only one who is poorly treated by him. Mr. Higgins insults random strangers on the street (Act I), “makes faces” at his housekeeper when she tells him off for bad manners behind the breakfast table (Act II) and rushes in his own mother’s room (Act V). He does not think of Eliza as “less than”, he took her on as an experiment, built “a statue” out of her and thinks of her of an equal to him:

“HIGGINS: Of course I do, you little fool. Five minutes ago you were like a millstone round my neck. Now youre a tower of strength: a consort battleship. You and I and Pickering will be three old bachelors together instead of only two men and a silly girl.

                                                                                                                                                                            Pygmalion, End of Act V”

Higgins does not want Eliza to fetch him slippers, nor he wants to fetch her slippers, he wants her to be equal to him.


A second observation about the Pygmalion is not as clear shown in the film version as in the written play. One of the main points that the play tries to show is the change that Higgins has caused to other people, Eliza, and her father. In the Act I, Eliza was presented as a common girl trying to sell flowers and speaking non-clear accent. Her father was an alcoholic dustman, looking and talking accordingly, asking for money from Mr. Higgins and Colonel Pickering. In 6 months (which are shown by the film, but not by the play, which is the reason the change is more noticeable in the written play), Eliza is accompanied by Mr. Higgins and Colonel Pickering to the palace where she passes off as a lady, making Higgins win the bet. Her father return in the Act V as well, showing that he now was a middle-class man, thanks to Mr. Higgins. Yet, both are unhappy about the changes in their life:

“DOOLITTLE: Done to me! Ruined me. Destroyed my happiness. Tied me up and delivered me into the hands of middle class morality.

                                                                                                                                                                Pygmalion, 55th line of Act V”

The unhappiness of Eliza and her father raises questions about the “middle class morality”. These people did not ask for a change, they lived their lives without money or education happily and did not complain, but now they are unhappy, so the change, which is seen for better by the “middle class man” Higgins, is not for the better for them? Do these people actually need a change like this? Are poorer people – happier? If they are – why are they happier? Do they have more freedom? What if they do not understand the privileges that they gain? What if it does not matter to them?


The film script repeats the original play word-per-word, except for some phrases removed and a slight reorder of actions, for instance, in Act III, in the written play Mr. Higgins and Pickering talk to Mrs. Higgins about Eliza after everyone leaves the party, not before Eliza comes in:

“HIGGINS [speaking together] You know, she has the most extraordinary quickness of ear: PICKERING.I assure you, my dear Mrs. Higgins, that girl HIGGINS just like a parrot. I’ve tried her with ever PICKERING.is a genius. She can play the piano quite beautifully. HIGGINS possible sort of sound that a human being can make—PICKERING We have taken her to classical concerts and to music HIGGINS Continental dialects, African dialects, Hottentot PICKERING halls; and its all the same to her: she plays everything…

Pygmalion, End of Act III”

One (two) key differences between the play and the film is the addition of scenes where Higgins teaches Eliza throughout the 6 months that he has, the bathing scene where Eliza is forced to take a bath and the party in the palace, where Higgins passes Eliza off as a lady. These scenes play a crucial part in the perception of the change happening to Eliza and struggles that she has to live though.

<here goes an image, but I’m not sure if we are allowed to add them>

Another important difference is the end. In the written play Higgins asks Eliza to order cheese and buy him a tie in his mother’s house, Eliza denies, but Higgins knows that she still will do it. In the film version, Eliza drives off in a car to her father’s wedding, while Higgins runs out and then goes back to his house in a mood, where he meets Eliza. This is a clearer ending for the viewer, as the original play ending is harder to understand in the rapid pace of the film


Just like “A Doll’s House” the main storyline revolves around a woman and a man, Mrs. Doolittle and Mr. Higgins in the case of “Pygmalion”. However, while in A Doll’s House Nora was treated like a property by her husband, but where Nora was endorsing it at first and realized the immorality in the end, in Pygmalion Eliza feels treated poorly from the start, when she comes to Higgins’ house:

“LIZA [rising and squaring herself determinedly]: I’m going away. He’s off his chump, he is. I dont want no balmies teaching me.

                                                                                                                                                                       Pygmalion, middle of Act II”

Unlike Nora who leaves Torvald, her children and the house, Eliza gets on terms with Higgins and continues to live there with him as an equal to him. She did not change him, she changed herself and by that she achieved respect from Higgins.


In conclusion, while some might argue about Higgins’ bad treatment of Eliza, his way of treating everyone suggests making Eliza not less, but equal to him. Eliza builds up her own character and gain self-worth but does not blame anyone. The play also raises questions important to this day, questioning the happiness of people, neediness of change and their position in society. The script is mostly unchanged relatively to the original play, however it has some scenes added, such as the teaching process through which Eliza goes and the reception by the King and Queen of England. Eliza, as one of the protagonists, may resemble Nora from A Doll’s House, however she does not propagate feminist ideas and shows how she earned the self-respect without blaming the man.




I found that watching the movie helped me to better understand what was going on in the book. It was good to be able to see the setting. Also, seeing the different levels of dress for different classes of people helped to make the storyline stronger. The movie made it easy to imagine what it would have been like if I had been one of the characters. I was able to understand the English dialogue better in the movie as it was sometimes hard to understand in the book.

In both A Doll’s House and Pygmalion, women are looked down upon and not treated very nicely. In Pygmalion, Eliza gets new clothes and learns English properly for free, but generally, the women in both of these plays get looked down upon by the men. Nora gets treated like a doll, and Eliza is not treated very well when she is still selling flowers on the streets as a flower girl. Also in both plays, both women, in the end, make better lives for themselves. Eliza get English lessons to work in a flower shop instead of the side of the road, and Nora leaves Torvald to make a better life for herself. I enjoyed reading A Doll’s House better than I did Pygmalion as it was easier to read and the plot was easier to understand.


Independent Reading- Renatta

The book “The Summer I Turned Pretty” by Jenny Han tells the story of a teenager girl who loves going every summer to the house of her mother’s best friend from the childhood and get reunited with both of the son’s of her, who was in love with them, every summer there was a new adventure to tell.

Conrad squinted his eyes up at the sun and said “Would you rather live on a perfect over and over or live your life with no perfect days but just decent ones?”



I love this paragraph because it really makes me think, would I rather live my life perfect or just letting my life flow the way it has to be, and the answer is that it is better to let my life flow so that I can learn and be a better person every day with new experiences and not just live every day of my life the same without experiencing what it is to live life. this book has made me think quite much and appreciate all the things I have in my life I’ve never notice or just do not care at all, she had a tough life because she had an absence of her father and her mother have had cancer, so I really start appreciating about how lucky I am.


Personal Response to Pygmalion

The most notorious difference I found between the film and the book was at the ending. In the book, once Liza leaves, Mr. Higgins simply leaves Mrs. Higgins’s house chuckling and he appears to be satisfied with himself. It feels more like an ending where both main characters end up satisfied. On the other side, in the play from 1938, right after Liza leaves with Freddy, Higgins goes back to his house and accidentally plays a record of Liza speaking. While listening to it, he seems to be sad as if he missed her. I think these are two completely different endings, that make you think differently of Higgins. Another interesting difference is Higgins’ attitude towards everyone. In the book, he tends to be kind and gentle to everyone except Liza, while in the play he looks as if he is too busy to talk to most people. The way he acts makes it look as if no one was worthy of his time. This is an interesting point since, in the play, we could assume that it is just the way he is. However, in the book he is mostly unpleasant only to Liza, which makes it hard to understand the reason behind his behavior. These few things made me come up with a theory. At one point close to the beginning, Mrs. Higgins mentions how Mr. Higgins was never attracted to any lady younger than 45, he states that the reason behind it is that younger women tend to be foolish. Maybe Higgins was trying to make Liza become a smart woman so he could marry her. That is just a thought.

If we compare this play to “A Dolls House”, by Henrik Ibsen, the main similarity is very evident. Someone is controlling a certain individual, and whatever they say, it goes. In the end, that individual realizes how they are being mistreated, and they leave to do whatever they please with their lives. Besides that, I can not spot any other resemblances.

In my opinion, this whole play was about the rich playing around with the lower class. Doing whatever they please since they have nothing better to do. Mr. Higgins and Colonel Pickering made an experiment on a girl and placed a bet based over her performance. At this point, the play felt slightly boring and predictable. Nevertheless, when Liza decided to leave after she realized (or she thought) she was nothing else but an experiment, I realized how good the plot was. In the end, I liked the play because it left some unanswered questions that leave room for debate.


May 15th Independent Reading

The Leaving by Tara Altebrando tells the story of six kids who all went missing on their first day of kindergarten. Eleven years later five of the children Scarlett, Lucas, Kristen, Sarah, and Adam all return back home. None of the children remember where they were, what happened, or who Max is and why he didn’t return with the five of them. The book shows the points of view of the different children and their families as they try to figure out what happened. While talking with a doctor Scarlett starts to realize that she has some memories of her life before she disappeared but not many. When she starts to question it the doctors response left me feeling very confused.

No Way to know for sure, but think about it this way. The majority of people walking around probably have no exact memory of their eighth birthday or tenth birthday or of their ninth Christmas or any of that. Normal people don’t remember everything. Normal people forget. Do normal people ever have just have one memory that is so… very… unrelenting/unavoidable/unfathomable?

(P.  146)

I found this passage interesting because they are constantly using the term “normal people”. I feel like everyone is so different from each other that there really is no “normal” when it comes to people. Especially in situations like the one mentioned because everyone has such different life experiences that we all remember things from different times in our lives and we all have very different amounts of memories.


Pygmalion -Personal Response

From the beginning to the end, Higgins is constantly calling Eliza an object without using the word. I imagine this is the way he was taught. In those times I believe that upper class people had more use, and lower class did not matter as much. She did mention that she does to have feelings too and I think that made him start to realize maybe she is right.

Higgins is the type to have good intentions towards something but being the way he is, it comes off rude or mean. For example giving her that bath in the beginning. To Higgins, Mrs.Pierce helping her bathe, was literally how it sounds. To Eliza, you can tell from her screaming that she thought it was some kind of torture.

Besides small differences between the play and the video, a major one is seeing it for your own eyes. You can imagine what the characters are supposed to look like and how their accent sounds but once you watch the film, you can see the progress Eliza makes just by looking at her turn into a beautiful, mature lady.

To connect “Pygmalion” with “A Dolls House”, I see that there is a sense of doing something with good intentions. Tolvard keeps Nora from eating macaroons so her teeth can stay clean but of course she is a grown woman and should be able to make that decision for herself. In Pygmalion as I mentioned above, he also does things thinking they are for good when really they can be seen as something other than good.


Habits of a happy brain. May 15.

Its sad the fact that I forgot my other bock back in canada, but as soon as I arrived to mexico I started reading “Habits of a happy brain” by loretta graziano.

So far I can say I am in love qith this book. It explains everything you need to know about happy chemicals and brain structures in a way evryone can understand. She also included some free spaces within the book so you can write your own ideas and do some activities that the book also includes.

once you´re safe from immdiate threats like hunger, cold and predators, your brain scans for other potential threats. (p.12).

Loretta explains how our brains are no more than mammal brains. Its only mission its to keep us alive as long as possible, thats why we are always lokking for possible threats. Nowadays we don`t have to worry too much about, food, shelter, or predators, so our brain creates new threats like social importance, pride, etc. And, sometimes this “new threts” can create a sense of unhappiness.


PR to Pygmalion – Eloise

Eliza Doolittle is treated poorly because of her social status. She was never taught how to properly speak or act because her father didn’t know how to either. According to Higgins this made Eliza seem to be a toy, like he could turn her into a game for himself. To Higgins, Eliza does not seem worth his time, in act II he invites her in when she comes to his door.

[brusquely, recognizing her with unconcealed disappointment, and at once, babylike, making an intolerable grievance of it] Why, this is the girl I jotted down last night. Shes no use: Ive got all the records I want of the Lisson Grove lingo; and I’m not going to waste another cylinder on it. [To the girl] Be off with you: I dont want you.  (Act II)

I can almost understand this from his perspective, he was probably taught that people that weren’t as wealthy weren’t as important, therefor he didn’t need to give her a chance. I still think it is a really bad way to view it because her situation is not her fault. However Eliza has a backbone, probably from living how she does selling flowers, and she insists that Higgins hears her out. She acts as well as she knows and expresses what she wants, in a way I would consider quite well for her situation, but at this point Higgins still thinks it is a joke.

Pickering: shall we ask this baggage to sit down or shall we throw her out of the window? (ActII)

Eliza is a frightened by this yet she still stays to talk to him which is very brave considering Higgins and Pickering probably could throw her out the window if they want to. Eliza I think wins over Mrs Higgins as well as Pickering although Higgins view stays the exact same throughout the play. Elizas relationship with Mrs Higgins is is the most surprising to me. Mrs Higgins is surprised when Higgins tells her about Eliza, but after the initial shock, Mrs Higgins treats Eliza most like a person and forms a trusting bond between the two. After Higgins and Eliza get in a fight, Eliza goes to Mrs Higgins who protects her from Higgins.

Do without, I’m afraid, Henry. The girl has a perfect right to leave if she chooses. (Act V)

Eliza is hiding upstairs while Mrs Higgins tries to calm Higgins down, before she tells him that Eliza is upstairs.

When I first started reading pygmalion, I was looking to see how it related to The Dolls House, and I was trying to make a connection between Torvald and Higgins. I do see a slight connection between them but the largest resemblance is between Eliza and Nora. In the Dolls house Nora is trying to be a part of the mens world, managing and making money but she has little knowledge in it. Throughout the play Nora is trying to learn how to save money and pay back Krogstad. While in Pygmalion, Eliza is learning how to act and speak like a lady to have more respect. Both of them are looked down upon, as if they can’t do so, Nora, because she is a women so she is not capable, and Eliza because she is just a flower girl. I feel that a big difference between the two of them is that Nora is trying to learn by herself, because she doesn’t have anyone to help her where as Eliza reaches out for the help she needs in order to be successful.




May 15 IRJE- Andrea

In the novel “You” by Caroline Kepnes, Joe is capable of doing anything for the girl he loves, even if it means murdering someone, he takes control of beck’s life and he secretly removes the obstacles that keep him away from beck. For him, the main obstacle at the beginning is Benji, Beck’s boyfriend who he kidnaps for a long time, until he kills him.

Suspense is good for people. It makes us stronger. This is why America loves Stephen king so much; he keeps us on the edge of our seats until it hurts. (p. 100)

The reason Joe says this, is because he was checking in on Benji, who was still in the cage, where he has him kidnapped, and he is torturing him by making him read books. He was also very jealous of Benji for having a successful business of club soda, so he tortures him by giving him a test on which he had to know the types of club soda, and he says that he does not care whether he had passed or failed the test or if he had escaped from the cage, and that keeping Benji locked away is what gives him suspense in his life.


I Love My Kitten

This children’s book is heartwarming. The author Susan Nicholson writes about a grandma, whose cat is expecting kittens. Her granddaughter Emily is excited and witness Princess Mae’s pregnancy.

“I know that seems like a long time, but it will fly by” (p8)

Grandma conveys that the best things are worth waiting for. How Emily witness the kittens were born made her heart flutter.


May 15th IRJE

Black Boy, written by Richard Wright, tells an account of his childhood. During his youth, Richard gets a job doing chores in a white woman’s house. During his first morning of work, the woman engages in a conversation with Richard.

What grade are you in school? Seventh, ma’am. Then why are you going to school? she asked in surprise. Well, I want to be a writer, I mumbled, unsure of myself; I had not planned to tell her that, but she made me feel so utterly wrong and of no account that I needed to bolster myself. A what? she demanded. A writer, I mumbled. For what? To write stories, I mumbled defensively. You’ll never be a writer, she said. Who on earth put such ideas into your nigger head? (p. 147).

I like this passage because Richard proved the woman wrong and became a successful writer. This shows that you can be whatever you want when you grow up, you just have to put your mind to it.


Justin May 15 DRJ

Candide is about a boy who is kicked out of the castle and is on a journey to survive. The book is story is written by Voltaire and the book is by Peter Constantine. In the beginning things start out slow but eventually begin to pick up pace. Considerably one of the best parts of the book so far takes place In the Land of El Dorado. It is a unreal land with surprising events and mysteries.

They were served four soups, each garnished with two parrots, a boiled condor weighing two hundred pounds, two extremely delicious roasted monkeys, three hundred colibris on one platter and six hundred humming birds on another, exist stews, and delicious pastries. (p. 56)

This quote is interesting because it almost seems impossible to gather this much food of a certain species. It is the only fantasy place in the book and is a lost city of gold. Candide tries to take lamas with gold but unfortunately is unable to make it out with them.


New life, same thing?

When Richard is in the South, he’s only depreciated by people like Shorty, who get carried away by racism. But when Richard reaches the north, he begins to have sympathy for black people and begins to understand the pain of the black community. Richard doesn’t want to write fantasy stories or mystery novels, but he’d like to write as a “hunger for insight into my own life and the lives of me.” Wright claims that he wants to use his writing for the benefit of his community as he says that writing is his responsibility to forgive and help the world.

Richard begins working at a corrupt insurance agency and instead of turning against these acts is part of them. But his actions may be justified, as the reason he works there goes much further, even though he’s still worried about what might happen.

“I could give up and starve to death. But I didn’t feel that being honest was worth the price of starvation.”

Richard has a strong sense of himself, so he appears outside his home community. A similar situation occurs in Richard’s interactions with these new groups in Chicago. To join the black literary group, the Garveyites, or the Communists, must have a desire to return to Africa, or a belief that revolution is the only solution. However, Richard stayed to one idea, and therefore once again finds himself unable to belong to a group.


Independent Reading

The book “The Summer I Turned Pretty” by Jenny Han tells the story of a teenager girl who describes everything that happens when all her family except her dad go to the summer house of her mother’s best friend, who has two sons in which she falls in love with both of them. Each summer she has a different story to tell and one of them It was when she invited her best friend who also fell in love with both of the sons (Conrad and Jeremiah) and they start having problems, they were fighting to see who will win and be with one of them.

I was tired of her tests and having to prove myself all the time. I said, “We’re just eating dinner, Taylor. We’re not going anywhere special.” (p.134)

I liked this passage of the book because here she realizes that everything her “friend” does is to impress the boys and that their friendship is ending because of the rivalry they are having and for wanting to be the best, but at the end the beauty is not the only thing that matters neither the way you look if not how you treat people and the heart you have with everyone.


Independent Reading May 1st

The leaving by Tara Altebrando tells the story of 6 kids who went missing on their first day of kindergarten. eleven years later five of the six kids return but no one knows what happened to max the 6th kid who went missing. Some of the parents decide to send their kids to doctors to see what is happening when the kids say they don’t remember anything. At one point Scarlett also begins to question her memories.

When Sashor seemed to be do ne with his questions, she asked,”Do you think it’s possible we’ll start to remember? like in a year or even ten?” Because she didn’t want to find herself, a decade from now, in that Adirondack chair, surrounded by fluffy, raked piles of red and yellow leaves, suddenly remembering the horrors of her lost childhood.

(p. 143)

I found this passage of the book interesting because it was another point where my ideas and theories about what they know changed. I also l found that this quotation shows how this effected the children because they know what happened but they don’t know how it happened which I think I would find very scary if it was me in this situation.



May 1st Independent reading journal

In the Part 1 chapter 5 of Richard Wright’s Black Boy, we can see that the conflict between Richard and Aunt Addie continues after the newspaper error, while Richard gains a better understanding of religion and maintains the same attitudes towards religion. For the part of selling newspaper, Richard feels so ashamed and never sell newspapers when he knows that the newspaper he sells and has never read contained racist propaganda about the Ku Klux Klan against blacks. After that, his Granny is accidentally injured because Richard cuts in on grown-ups and dodges from his Granny. Then, Richard ‘s relationship with His Aunt becomes more tense and he has a greater separation from religion.

Whenever I found religion in my life I found strife, the attempt of one individual or group to rule another in the name of God. The naked will to power seemed always to walk in the wake of a hymn.                                                                                                                                                             (p. 136)

I like this passage because I assert Richard’s further insights and interpretations of religion make a lot of sense. Like he sees that religion is often used to exercise power over people and believes that when God demonstrates its faith, they will only serve their ambitions. All these controversial arguments interest me. In a word, the above statement strongly shows that his feelings towards religion are a struggle-type reaction to his family’s religious enthusiasm. He is also calling on people to establish a link between the masked desire for power and religion.



The Twelve Days of Dash and Lily

The novel is romantic and young. The author Rachel Cohn and David Levithan wrote about reuniting two lovers Dash and Lily. Lily’s grandfather has suffered a heart attack, his difficulty in recovering made Lily hard to keep up the Christmas spirit.

“I try so hard to make you happy. But clearly I can’t. I don’t want to say you’re impossible to please. But you’re impossible to please. And since you can’t stop disappearing, I realized you’re right. We need a break.” (p127)

It conveys Dash’s frustration on trying to help Lily, but she keeps avoiding him. He feels helpless to do anything.


May 1st DRJ

The book Shatterd by Erik Walters tells the story of Ian and sarge who meet through  at a homeless shelter. Sarge is around 40 years old, he is a retired United nations Peace Keeper but is now homeless. Ian keeps Sarge company by visiting him and in return Sarge tells Ian some of his horrific stories. Sarge has a few poor habits that have helped him cope with the stress from the war like drinking, and smoking. Ian helps him realize his problems and helps him to quit.

“Its a two week chip. Its what you get at the treatment centre when you’ve been dry for two weeks” (p. 209)

This quote is important to the book because Sarge was an alcoholic for many years. Ian has successfully helped sarge to quit his drinking habits and rewards him with a two weak chip from the treatment centre. Sarge has never wanted to quit drinking until Ian convinced him that there are other ways to deal with stress


Finally moving on

Although Richard and Harrison reconciled Richard realizes that there is still a suspicion, this is thanks to Olin’s rumors of the threat of murder. Also, during the boxing match between Richard and Harrison, they want to prove that they believe in rumors in some way. As the society around Richard continues to violently discriminate against blacks, or even death, the powerful instinct to stay alive and avoid harm causes blacks to do nothing to prevent these aggressions. Richard and Harrison hate each other for being manipulated so easily, but violence against racism prevents them from acting on their impulses, this is expressed in the phrase:

“My ass is tough, and quarters is scarce.” Chapter 12, pg. 229

Wright says his culture focuses on white prejudices, this is expressed in the phrase:

“My ass is tough, and quarters is scarce.” Chapter 12, pg. 229

One of those prejudices is the anti-Catholic. Richard hears the other white men refer to Falk as a “pope lover,” an insult against the Catholic faith. With this Richard comes to feel some solidarity with Falk. This leads Richard to think that Falk may be willing to help him, in this case, Richard is right, and the help he receives from Falk teaches him to understand and challenge prejudices in Richard’s world. groups excluded by society are looking for ways to end injustices. Wright uses racism to resist oppression.

When Richard’s co-workers learn that he is moving to Chicago, they react with racist comments reveal the frustration they feel Richard is going to a freer future in the north.



May 1st IRJE- Andrea

In “YOU” by Caroline Kepnes, Joe kidnaps Beck´s boyfriend Benji, because he thinks he is not good enough for Beck, when it is because he is jealous of him and because he envies him.

“It is amazing how you can see money in people. His check-smoothed hands have been softening for centuries before he was born and his thick hair never thinned from nights in the wind, days bent over shoveling snow or sand or ash. Something about his hair, something about the slope of his nose proves that life is unfair.” (p. 75)

I like this quote because in a paragraph he tells you why he hates Benji and he describes him as if he were perfect and he compares himself with him saying that his life is unfair because he doesn’t look like Benji at all. He says this quote when he has Benji kidnapped and he is talking with him about books and he gives him a list of books to read and he doesn’t read them so he thinks that rich people and people with money really don’t read because they enjoy it, but just to brag about the books they read.


May 1st IRJE

Fueled by his hunger, Richard desperately searches for ways to make money. A boy in his class detects his hunger and suggests that he sells a paper that’s published in Chicago. While selling these papers, Richard discovers that he is selling Ku Klux Klan propaganda.

Did you ever hear of the Ku Klux Klan? he asked me softly. Sure. Why?

Do you know what the Ku Kluxers do to colored people? They kill us. They keep us from voting and getting good jobs, I said.

Well the paper you’re selling preaches the Ku Klux Klan doctrines, he said.

Oh, no! I exclaimed.

Son, you’re holding it in your hands, he said.


Movie vs Book Pygmalion

The difference between the book and the movie is almost identical to none. The lines are the same from the book, the movie portrayed a strong cockney accent that I can imagine it in the book. The characteristics of the characters are identical to the book as if the movie portrays my imagination. There are a few things that are different. The movie shows the ball scene where Eliza, Higgins, and Pickering attended to, whereas the book did not include the plot. At the end of the movie, Eliza comes back to the mansion and continues to live with Higgins and Pickering. The book does not give a line where Eliza will come back, which gives the reader to think about the endless possibilities of the end. I prefer the book due to the ending, I could think about how I would like to end.


Doll’s House social and moral problems

As my first personal response didn’t get enough appreciation, I have to compose a new piece of literature to provide evidence of my understanding of the task.

Henryk Ibsen was destined to be the last representative of the old theater system. Spectators of Ibsenian dramas saw in them the emergence of a new, modern drama, which brought success to their author. For example, in Russia Ibsen was a very popular playwright. At the Moscow Art Theater, the troupe staged a huge number of his dramas.

“The Doll’s House” posed difficult questions to me and I assume to all readers and the public. These questions are about the influence of the social environment on a person, about the status of women, about social inequality. The author was the first to lift the veil over relationships in a single-family. This had to be done in order to understand the mechanism of family happiness. In my opinion, I enjoy reading the play  “The Doll’s House ” as I understood it as a drama of strong characters that are tempered by circumstances of life. The author reveals the hidden l life of the characters, and especially the main character Nora. Family drama is becoming a social issue. Ibsen appears in the play as an innovative playwright who portrays thinking and feeling heroes who analyze their past. He is a master of depicting psychological states that are created using subtext hidden behind insignificant remarks, which enhances the dramatic effect of the stage action. The style dramatic style of Ibsen gave impetus to the development of socio-psychological drama in the XX century.


[ PYGMALION – the book & the movie ]

After re-watching the movie of Pygmalion and taking insightful notes, I have come across some of the major similarities and differences between the book and the movie. As for the vocabulary, there are little to no differences in the dialogue itself, the movie mostly follows the book word to word. The cockney accent is portrayed very well in the movie and the book itself, it is as if I can hear the way Eliza speaks in the written text which ends up sounding the same in the movie. For the forms, the book narrates the settings of the play in the exact way of how the movie looks, making imagining the scenery easy while reading the book. Most importantly, the nature of each character in both book and movie is very much identical, as it is crucial that the characters have their distinct qualities to bring life to the play. Throughout the movie, there are not many differences in terms of details, however, three major differences are visible from what I perceive. The first being the journey of Eliza transforming into a lady. In the movie, we can see Eliza’s progress while being taught by Higgins, the fact that Eliza is quick to learn is clearly shown in the movie. Though in the book, no such scenes of Eliza’s learning skills are shown, which is quite unfortunate. There is also another difference I have noticed, between ACT III & IV which is the scene where Eliza, Higgins, and Pickering attend the ball, it was not shown in the book. This is understandable as the movie showing the scene is pretty much what I would have imagined, Eliza meeting all the expectations of being a lady. Meaning it would have been a waste of pages to write the scene when it could have been described in a sentence, which has been described during Higgins and Pickering’s conversation after the ball in the book. With a different ending in the movie and the book, both have the same intentions of keeping the bond between Eliza and Higgins. The only big difference is that in the movie version, there is a sense of reassurance to the audience, this is created by having Eliza running back to Higgins in the last few seconds of the movie. I prefer the book version of the ending since there could be more possibilities as to how the ending could be. Instead of having the ending painted out for the characters, there is more room for the audience to expand their imaginations and create an open ending. 


Pygmalion Movie vs Play

Overall the vocabulary during the play and the movie stayed intact. I was able to watch the film with the book on my hand and follow the dialogue as if it were almost the same. They did that in my opinion to maintain the essence of the story and the characters. For example Higgins used sophisticated words and mocked Eliza for who she was in the same way in both the movie and the book.  There were only a few differences between both of them. One that I found useful is that the movie shows in greater detail how Higgins tough phonetics to Eliza. We were able to see how she learns, and hear her improve in her pronunciation of words with “h”. I also think that they decided to add the character that was with the queen and could place anyone In Europe to and some mystery and tension to the dance. And lastly lets talk about form, I think that they did a really good job in the movie by creating the setting just as Shaw described it in the play. I also think that they managed to bring the characters from to book to life very well. All of the characters were just as I imagined. And lastly the biggest change, the ending. At the end of the play the open ending has you think of what might happen next and makes you speculate. But in the movie I felt as if they needed to give it closure and a happy ending for both of our protagonist so that’s why Eliza came back.


Great literature does not send messages! It raises questions and explores possibilities.