TOK: Plato’s ‘Meno’ -Part 5

Part 5 of ‘Meno’ continues its topic of discussion from parts 3 and 4: whether virtue can be taught or be born with. But differently in this part, they came to a conclusion: that virtue cannot be taught or born with by nature, but a grace of god. Able to be brought out from any man by guidance and recollection:

Socrates: When we stated that knowledge is the only guide of right action; whereas we find there is also true opinion.


This theory of recollection then takes us back to part two, when Socrates proved all knowledge is within the soul, just waiting to be guided to recall. Socrates’ final ideas presented: Knowledge is not limited to rights or wrongs, but much more. It has always been a failure of Meno to perceive what virtue truly is, and hence he cannot understand what makes a man to be virtuous and good. Good guidance and right opinions are equally valuable as knowledge.



Plato, and Sir Walter Rangeley Maitland Lamb. Laches. Protagoras. Meno. Euthydemus. 1962.

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