I read the “Antigone” of Sophocles written by S. M. Adams.
There are two points I want to highlight from this play. One is the genres of ‘diptych play’. The second one being the act of hubris.
To the first point Adam says that “Sophocles composes a drama which is, in basic structure the story of Creon; technically, the protagonist is the king; and it is through his story that the story of Antigone is told.”
This method of writing, where one story is blended into another is called ‘diptych play’.
To my second point, I found out from the play, that Creon is punished for the crime of hubris. This is an act of a human putting himself higher then the gods. It is fascinating that Creon is engaging the act of hubris, by creating the law, that no one can give Polynices a proper funeral, by holding him as a traitor. It’s interesting, since in the ancient Greek a funeral was a sacred ritual already decided by the gods. The law of Creon is thereby held higher then the laws of the gods, that doomed himself.
Adams also writes that Antigone’s death has to come before the suffering of Creon or else Sophocles would face an anticlimax or even worse he would have to extend the play with an addendum.
This shows how the play is really set up in the opinion of S. M. Adams. His point that Antigone’s story is told in his own story. There is a second thought that Creon engages the act of hubris, when he creates the law that allows no one to give Polynices a burial.
I learned from reading these texts that Creon’s role is bigger and more important then any of the other roles in “Antigone”, since he according to Adams is the protagonist of the play. We also get to know what happens to Creon when he is suffering and to know this he actually has to be the protagonist. It is interesting what we can learn from all these old discussion about a play that was written for amusement.