The US Constitution Articles I & II: An Constitutional Analysis on Achieving a Balanced Nation

Within this blog post, my aim is to assess how well the United States (US) Constitution has succeeded with meeting certain needs and desires of the people of the United States. Among these needs and desires, there is to, “establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity” (Preamble US Constitution, 1789). As the US Constitution was created to answer the needs of its people, I believe this would be a potent analysis of it.

All throughout the Constitution, there are statements made about there being different branches of the US government, and what duties these branches fulfill. They all hold different roles concerning the nation’s government, where each branch is optimally designed to meet their appointed responsabilities towards the people, and have the power to restrain each other, where no branch can overpower another or act unconstitutionally. For example, “The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People” (Article 1, Section 2). In class, we learned additionally that the Senators are not elected directly by the people, to safeguard against public whim and potential election of demagogues. As the senate has, overall, higher powers than the House of Commons in the Constitution–for example they have the final say in Impeachments, the final say in passing any bill or bill to generate revenue, and require a higher age limit to hold office–this disallowance of the people directly electing senators safeguards the nation from leaning into popular extremism and prevents the government from having instability. In that sense, the government ensures domestic tranquility for the people.

My second assertion about the Constitution is on how well balanced the system the actions of the government reach the people. Primarily, is how the power of the US is divided between State and Federal legislatures. Certain abilities such as, “The times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives,” (Article 1, Section 4) or appointing, “a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress,” (Article 2, Section 1), are granted to the individual states. Whereas, the federal legislature holds the ability, “To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof,” (Article 1, Section 8). Through these last three quotes, I am demonstrating how the Constitution divides the power of the government in a way which promotes the justice and liberty of the people to a reasonable maximum. As the election of Senators, Representatives, or Electors is held in the individual states, it reflects more accurately what ideas people have in the varying states (however many people would advocate for a popular vote/democratic election in place of this system), whereas tasks or issues that are unanimous across the entire US is, rationally, best dealt by the federal goverment. This way, the varying goals of the Constitution, such as justice/liberty, safety and prosperity, are best met as a balance is struck between them in their execution.

In essence, the United States Constitution revolutionized how governments worked in the past, and created a very unique governmental system. This system held many different elements all designed and arranged in a way that was thought best for carrying out its own responsabilities. Then, a balance was struck in the government to not lean too far into one constitutional goal over another, where e.g. an age limit was imposed on senators to improve national security, and any random person could be elected into the House of Representatives if the public willed it, improving liberty. It is left to wonder then, to what extent has the Constitution benefitted the people of the US, and what problems does it have?

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