She was a Phantom of Delight – William Wordsworth (Imagery)

She was a Phantom of Delight by William Wordsworth is filled with many types of imagery. The most common is the image of perfection. This woman that the speaker is talking about seems to have everything he ever dreamed of in his eyes. The first line ‘She was a phantom of delight’ (1-1) as well as ‘a lovely apparition’ (1-3) resembles something unobtainable, like a ghost or a phantom of perfection.

He compares her to the twilight multiple times (‘Her eyes as stars of twilight’ (1-5) and ‘like twilights too, her dusky hair’ (1-6)) gives off the impression of beauty […]

Tiger in the Menagerie

The tiger is described as very mysterious and violent. No one knew how he got into the menagerie. The language of this poem is very simple but the metaphors and imagery in the lines gives the tiger its characteristics. ‘The bars were the lashes of the stripes the stripes were the lashes of the bars’ The tiger and the bars in this line seems like it merged together. The line ‘when the sun rose they’d gone’ conveys many questions such as whether the tiger has killed all the animals? Or did the animals escape?

This poem creates frustration because it […]

Love (III) by George Herbert

George Herbert shows his passion to Christianity through the poem ‘Love (III)’. He uses the rhyme scheme, ABABCC… At the beginning of the poem the poet talks about the fear of gods punishments and as the poem progresses, he talks about the love of good forgiveness. ‘Guilty of dust and sin.’ (2) gives the readers the impression that the persona had done something in the past that is not modest. Later in stanza two, ‘I the unkind, ungrateful?’ (9) also suggest that the persona had done something unforgiving while he/she was in a relationship. Stanza two, Love is forgiving and […]

“Lovers’ Infiniteness” – John Donne

In ‘Lovers’ Infiniteness’, the poet John Donne’s selection of diction and structure exemplify a coherent image contrasting the conventional lover, with the lover non-persistent, giving up on his love. The repetition of ‘all’ in the beginning and end of each stanza suggests lust for a totality of affection, and a refusal to acknowledge any less. It implies the stark reality that a complete love is hopeless, but nevertheless the lover is compelled to believe the impossibility is created by ‘other men’ (15). Comparison brought from the first stanza and the second, lines 6 and 16-17, outline the suspicion of the […]

The Lost Woman – Patricia Beer

In “The Lost Woman,” the poem connotes the fact that the daughter is really the ‘lost woman,’ although this isn’t distinguished until the end. The poet also creates an imagery of the mother’s ‘supposed’ life. Firstly, the language used in the beginning of the poem is quite typical, however as the speaker starts to create her own version of her mother, the language changes slightly. The speaker creates and image of how her mother met her husband in war (15-18). She also portrays her mother as something better than she thought she was, they had a tenuous mother-daughter relationship hence […]

‘She was a Phantom of Delight’ – William Wordsworth

The poet’s diction emphasizes the description of his lover. He describes her as a “lovely apparition” which resembles a supernatural idea of a phantom. Wordsworth uses similes to Her “dusky hair”(6) and “eyes as stars of Twilight” (5) portrays an image of dark hair and eyes that shine bright as the stars, just like the night. They way the poet uses metaphors to portray the image of his lover being a ‘phantom of delight’ is unique. Usually, ghosts do not get related to as being delight, but rather frightful and haunting. It is almost an oxymoron that he uses here. […]

Father Coming Home – Dilip Chitre

Some of the words in the poem emphasise the sadness and the depression of the man in the poem. “Eyes dimmed” (line 6) this gives importance to show that he doesn’t have any glow or hope in his eyes which means that he has no life in them, he doesn’t have much to care for but his dull children who don’t care for him, they refuse to even share secrets or even talk to him anymore (line 21). After coming home from long days of travelling. He doesn’t get any attention from family and ‘loved ones’. The writer compares the […]

‘Father Returning Home’ – Dilip Chitre

In “Father Returning Home”, the poet employs meticulous diction that conveys the mundaneness in an old commuter’s life and the alienation he undergoes in the present world. In the beginning of the poem, the poet portrays the monotonousness of the old man through depicting his train journey while returning home on one sultry, rainy evening. “Suburbs slide past his unseeing eyes” (3) connotes that the old man rides on the train on a daily basis, which the scenery of the suburbs have become familiar sightings to him. The word “unseeing” conveys the inattentiveness of the old man, since we hardly […]

Tiger in the menagerie – Emma Jones

Various of words in the poem have been used to display the tiger’s nature, which is killing. There is great imagery which describes the colour of the tiger ‘too bright’, ‘clear orange’ (line 15, 13) the colour of the tiger is related to the last line in the first stanza ‘too much like the painting of a tiger’. This almost describe that the tigers killing is fake, that it is unrealistic. The tiger is too fast or ‘too flash’ for the other animals (line 2) this emphasises how the tiger has unnoticeable actions and moves swiftly, while hunting its prey. […]

‘Tiger in the menagerie’ -Poem analyse

Some words and phrases poet used shows the natural killing instinct of a tiger in the poem. ‘Too flash’ (line2) emphasise the swift and unnoticeable movements and how the event happened suddenly. Even though there is a huge contrast between eh cage bars and the tiger’s stripes.But at night they seem to have merged together. Striking imagery conveyed through ordinary language. ‘Clear orange’ ,’Too blue'(stanza 5/1),use of colour corresponds to the first stanza ‘too much like the painting of a tiger'(stanza 1), making the tiger’s killing spree seem unrealistic. ‘If the menagerie could, it would say ‘tiger'(stanza 6), shows the […]

clod & pebble

This poem provides two contrasting interpretations of love, through a clod of clay and a pebble. The clod symbolises innocence to the experience of love and unselfish love, whilst the pebble, who may at one point have experienced hope and selflessness, has now lost these emotions due to its experiences. The clod is continually trampled on by cattle, showing that it is soft and is open to the idea of love, looking at the pebble, one may say that it was at one time was exactly like the clod, however it seems the experience of love has taught the pebble […]

The Clod and the Pebble

In this poem there is a big contrast between clod of clay and a pebble from the brook. These two have very different ideas about love. The clod of clay cares more for others and has a big heart. On the other hand, the pebble is very vain and doesn’t think about anyone else so when he sings he makes love sound bad. The pebble is very evil and enjoys when someone else fails or is sad.

I think these two are represented like ying and yang, completely opposite each other. They are like the good or bad in people […]

The Clod and Pebble

This poem made me think about weather love is a good thing or a bad thing. Most times I would think the same as the clod, that to be loved is a great thing but on other occasions I will agree with the pebble, love is a self wanted pleasure. It only pleases oneself and that is greedy. But then I go back on the page of the clod, wouldn’t it be great to be loved that much? If you have a good experience with love, you may agree with the clod that being loved is a great. Where as […]

review of William Wordsworth sonnet

How can a city be as beautiful as the countryside? is the kind of question people would ask after reading this poem.William Wordsworth describes the city as beautiful and amazing while others are stuck to thinking the countryside is the most beautiful place.This is shown because we have lived in the city most of our lives and very rarely go to the countryside so we are basically set to think the countryside is beautiful and because we rarely go there.Whilst on the other hand a man who would have lived in the wilderness all his life would see the city […]

Revised Post on

William Wordsworth brought up a very interesting point in his sonnet, “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge”. Is the city any less beautiful then the country side? Is nature more beautiful then artificial objects? In this sonnet, Wordsworth really makes you wonder what can be considered as ‘beautiful’. What is beauty? There is no solid definition to beauty yet we consider different objects beautiful or not. In Wordsworth’s point of view, the city is just as beautiful as the country side; which many people would disagree to. It is a common thought that nature is more beautiful then artificial objects […]

Sonnet: Beauty

Can a city be beautiful? People’s first response may be: ‘No, it is just full of buildings.’ However, if you start to look at the topic in greater depth, you will probably just confuse yourself. I believe that cities generally are beautiful. If you look at major cities: London, Paris, even Suzhou, contain mesmerising beauty, within the natural landscapes and the houses that line the street. Cities are beautiful because they combine nature and man-made to produce an ideal living area in which people may relax in the gardens or go to their local corner shop. Similarly, Someone may come […]

Questions Raised by Wordsworth’s “Sonnet: Composed Upon Westminster Bridge”

Wordsworth’s poem, “Sonnet: Composed Upon Westminister Bridge” makes us wonder, “what is it that we consider beautiful?” Beauty is a label that we put on things that we like and we call close to perfect in its own unique way. For example, a model would be considered beautiful in the eye of the public because she shows a common conception of what most people believe someone beautiful would look like. That is why there will always be someone who will disagree. That is because we have our own definition of beautiful and our own portrait as well as idea’s to […]

Sonnet Review (cities)


During the romantic period, many poets were like william wordsworth, who thought that cities are artificial things, therefore dirty and full of sins. Wordsworth had spent lots time of his life in the country where was surrounded by narture. But he discribed what he saw of the city as’ a sight so thouchging in its majesty: The city now doth, like a garment, wear the beauty of the morning.’ Cleary he had a change of mind after seeing the city at dawn. Maybe he had a think of ‘is nature(the original) always better than unnatural things’? or ‘Is it […]

“Sonnet: Composed Upon Westminster Bridge” – The theme of cities

In a Romanist’s view, the city or anything manmade is considered unnatural and therefore bad. However, is this the case? If everyone thinks that nature is better than cities, then why build cities in the first place?

Think of it this way. Does a wood-built hut out in the woods with spiders crawling everywhere or an apartment with luxurious facilities such as a swimming pool provide better living quality? Most people would obviously choose the latter. In this world in which time is more precious than anything else, our definition of ‘living quality’ mostly considers how convenient something is. Everything […]

Sonnet by William Wordsworth

This sonnet, written by William Wordsworth is about viewing the city as beautiful, not ugly and full of sin. He was standing on a bridge overlooking London at sunrise. William was from the countryside before he moved to London and he never believed that city, a manmade place, could be so beautiful.

For example, he said “Ne’er I saw I, never felt, a calm so deep!” He cannot believe how peaceful and pretty the city was.

I personally believe that the city can be beautiful in its own way but raw nature is nicer. I wouldn’t want to live in […]

Thoughts about Wordsworth’s poem

An example of mathematical beauty. Rendered here.

The poem is quite interesting since it expresses the beauty of a city. When this poem was written, it was generally accepted that natural settings were far more beautiful than artificial ones (like cities) were. The concept that a city could even be beautiful at all was surprising, but saying it was just as beautiful as a “valley, rock, or hill” was shocking to say the least. The ideas about natural being better still remain today.

Another perspective on beauty is that mathematics and patterns which emerge from it are beautiful. As […]

Sonnet: Composed upon Westminster Bridge response

This poem raises many different questions and topics to talk about. Are cities better if they are natural, made in nature or artificial and man made? That is one question raised in the poem by Wordsworth under the topic of cities.

We say that natural things are made from God and living on the land is said to be beautiful because everything is so fresh and clean and living in the city, they say nothing is natural all those high buildings and everything man-made and artificial. Living on the land is beautiful and cities are mostly man-made, but these man […]

My Review of the Sonnet

I am going to be explaing the ideas and questions raised on the topic: Beauty. The question that were raised by Wordsworth’s poem is that is beauty a natural thing or an artificial thing? The idea of the poem is that Wordsworth who was brought up in the outdoors most of this life thinks that the city is beautiful.

The question that is brought out from this poem means if beauty is just naturally there or if it is made by mankind. The answer to this question is very hard especially because there is a different answer for each person […]

Early purges

in my opinion the early purges shows how humans are influenced by how they and their family live e.g. if you lived in a city like london today death would be un-natural however if you lived on a frm death would be natural thing because of how you have grown up to be with your type of enviroment. it also shows how humans adapt to occasions when theyhave committed or have seen them happen such as the young boy only being 6 years old death was un-natural to him but as he continued to watch dan taggart kill the pests […]

The Early Purges

The Early Purges is a poem about a little boy who saw a kitten drown by Dan Taggart at the age of six. At the time, he was frightened and the image of the kitten drowning stayed with him for days. When the memories were finally forgotten, it all came flooding back when Dan trapped big rats, snared rabbits, shot crows and pull of the heck of old hens. But as time passed, and the narrator got older, when pups were killed brutally in front of him. All he would say was, ‘Bloody pups’ and feel no remorse.

In my […]

My thoughts on “The Early Purges”

The Early Purges is an exemplar of the difference that a different up bringing or different environment and actions from what we consider to be a norm may affect a person life or beliefs as well as behaviour. This is evident as the writer expresses his strong disapproval during the first stanza while he shows no remorse only the thought of doing whats best on a farm during the last stanza. I believe that we cannot define what one does as correct or incorrect but whether or not they have a strong enough reason as well as a way to […]

Personal response to the poem.

The Early Purge’s writer Seamus Heaney, in the poem described how his opinion has changed over the years.

Contrast between the two charactors is extremly obvious in the first 4 stanzas. Dan Taggart represented the farmer’s point of view on killing animals. can tell from the descriptions ‘ When Dan trapped big rats, snared rabbits, shot crows. Or, with a sickening tug, pulled old hens’ necks’ that farmers feel no guit or pity for the animals as they are being brutally killed. The oppoiste point of view comes from the write as a kid. He was horrified seeing the kittens […]

My Thoughts On “The Early Purges”

This poem brings up many questions about our world, of which I believe the most important theme to be the difference between how people view the world and how these visions might be caused or affected by the environment.

The contrast between the attitudes of people in town and rural areas is an example of different views from people. People in town, who grew up in an environment in which most people care for animals as pets, and probably in a family with a stable income, would think that killing is cruel. On the other hand, […]

The Early Purges

The early purges is a poem about how “pests” were treated at a farm. It starts out with a young child witnessing someone drown kittens in a bucket. At first he is surprised and sad but as he becomes older, he gets used to the deaths of unwanted animals at the farm.

At one point he says,”Still, living displaces false sentiments.” Here he is saying that his own life and wellbeing is more important than the unwanted animals. Some people believe that this is wrong, me included. The whole poem is about moral judgment and how it changes as you […]

the early purges

The early purges, for me, is about a young boy/girl witnessing a scene that is classed as disturbing for him, yet to dan taggart it is like he is doing them a favour “isnt it better for them now?”. This is portrayed in modern society via euphanasia, and is it right to kill one animal but not another? For example, if your frail old dog was suffering excrutiating pain every day, you would probably put it out of its misery, however, if your grandpa was your dog in this scenario would you try to keep him alive for as long […]

The Early Purges

I was quite surprised about the topic of the first few stanzas: drowning some kittens. This section and the rest of the poem raise many moral questions; some about whether it is acceptable to kill certain animals and others about the definition of “pest” and species-ism (compare racism). In class we were introduced to the idea that marking something using the word pest made it somehow less than human and acceptable to kill.

Death and morality are both quite touchy subjects, because they allow us to question the beliefs of ourselves and other people. Deciding what animals and plants are […]

Dylan Thomas

He is Welsh. He smokes cigarette. He was born in 1914. He was one of the best lyric poets. Jimmy Carter, the former American president liked his poems. He also read one of Dylan’s poems in the radio broadcast. His poem has lots of rhymes. Using those rhymes, it sounds like he is singing a song when he reads it. When he reads his poem, he sounds like an old man when he reads a poem. His poem “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night is a villanelle. It has 19 lines.” He also wrote a short story about […]

Personal Response on Dylan Thomas

Dylan Thomas is famous poet who grew up in Swansea, Wales. While writing numerous poems such as “A Childs Christmas in Wales”, “Do Not Go Gentle In That Good Night”, he also acquired fame as an excessive smoker and excessive drinker. Thomas was on track to a wonderful career, but had sadly drank his life way. Resulting in his death on 9 November 1953 (aged 39) New York City, United States. Thomas’s poems really brought back memories about my childhood and my what is going to come in the future. This really raised the question of what my life will […]

Dylan Thomas

A Child’s Christmas in Wales. It is a good story, well written but not all that it could be. The way Dylan Thomas writes attracts your ears but it doesn’t stimulate the mind as much as it perhaps could. Many things in this story made me wonder about my childhood and helped me to reflect on my present and future. For example the way that there is chaos in the house, I can relate to this through the chaos in my life. In the story the firemen come to put the fire out. This makes me wonder when the firemen […]

Analysis of “Horses” by Edwin Muir

     By telling the story in the poem from a farmer who was frightened by lumbering horses as a child, the poet convinces us to imagine the horses in the same fearful way as the farmer saw them. Already in the first stanza, “they seemed terrible, so wild and strange” (line 3) suggests that these horses are not like the others which means that we would pay more attention to them because of the fear of the unknown.”Their hooves like pistons” (line 7) makes it sound like they are very heavy and so dangerous if we cross their way. In the […]

Early purges body paragraph

In the early purges makes use feel sad for the kittens and other animals when Dan Taggard kills them. One of the ways the writer does this is by describe the kittens as cute by the mention of soft paws, this makes the kittens sound cute because softness is thought of something that you want near you and with paws it sounds like this would be a pet and normal and most people don’t like there pets dyeing. Another way the poem makes you sad is by just by having death of a household animal by drowning. This could be […]

What details in “The Early Purges” make us think Dan Taggart might be right?

The first line of the third stanza, Dan Taggart says, “’Sure, isn’t better for them now?’” This tells the reader that Dan killed them because he believes that it is good for them. Also, the narrator of “The Early Purges” realized that Dan Taggart was killing the farm animals for their own good, as it says in the sixth stanza, “And now, when shrill pups are prodded to drown I just shrug, ‘Bloody pups’. This indicates that The boy is starting to understand Dan Taggart and therefore he believes it is the right thing to do. Also in the final […]

What details in “The Early Purges” make us think that Dan Taggart is right?

Although at first the readers reaction to Dan Taggart killing kittens may be shock, horror and a suspicion that Taggart isn’t right in the head, after the second or third read through of the poem the reader starts to believe that Taggart had the right idea. ‘Sure, isn’t it better for them now?’ (7) When the reader sees this, they imagine the kittens as small weak and malnourished; if Taggart hadn’t killed them then they probably would have died in a slower more painful death, probably of starvation. Surely killing them now is better?

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What details in “The Early Purges” make us think that Dan Taggart might be right?

At the beginning, readers of “The Early Purges” may react badly to Dan Taggart killing kittens, and feel anger towards him. After reading it two or three times, they begin to understand why he did it. Taggart says ‘Sure, isn’t it better for them now?’ (7), readers imagine that the kittens were in poor health or malnourished. They might start to think Dan Taggart did it for good intentions towards the kittens. They would have died anyway in probably worse conditions if he had not killed them. We end up thinking that maybe he was right of killing the kittens, […]

What details in “The Early Purges” make us think that Dan Taggart might be right?

‘Sure isn’t it better for them now?’ Dan said. Dan is not killing kittens for fun because on well-run farms pests have to be kept down. This shows us some relief knowing that the kittens are not just being killed for any other reason. In the fourth stanza “ ‘Prevention of cruelty’ talk cuts ice in town where they consider death unnatural”. Death is natural but as the six-year-old boy keeps thinking, he feels it is unnatural and cruel to do such a thing. After Dan Taggart has killed the little kittens, he makes us feel that he is doing […]

Details in “The Early Purges” suggesting that Dan Taggart might be right

Even though the poem mainly make us think that Dan has no mercy for animals, some details would make us think that he could be right. Firstly when he says ” ‘Sure, isn’t it better for them now?’ ” (7); this line suggests that the kittens were better off dying straight away than living on the farm. Same for when it says on the last line of the poem “on well-run farms pests have to be kept down” (21); on the same idea, this line implies that killing those animals is better for everyone’s survival, because if they stay alive, […]

What details in “The Early Purges” make us think that Dan Taggart might be right?

Details like “But on well-run farms pests have to be kept down” suggest that killing is a necessary. It is perhaps not something they enjoy doing. This could prove that Dan Taggart is right because of the way he does what is sustainability of the farm. “When shrill pups are prodded to drown I just shrug, ‘Bloody pups’. It makes sense:” This detail also enforces the idea that Dan Taggart is right, because the drowning of animals seems to be a thing that eventually starts to ‘make sense’ as the children of the farm grow up to the age were […]

What details in “The Early Purges” make us think that Dan Taggart might be right?

Dan Taggart kills animals, but some of the details in the poems mean that that makes sense and even that he might be right. For example when he says “The scraggy wee shits”, the kittens are thin and boney, underfed and will most likely die. There is the fact that Dan himself believes that it is right, “Sure, isn’t it better for them now?” so he is justified in his own eyes. “A frail metal sound”, they couldn’t even make much of a racket when death was almost upon them. And the way the speaker grows to agree, and points […]

“The Early Purges”

Descriptive vocabulary like ‘frail metal sound’ is used to create the illusion, that the reader is the six-year-old boy. Words like ‘dunghill, glossy and dead’ also shows the poets use of detailed and expressive words. Heaney doesn’t go into detail when describing the location of the event, for example he writes ‘cuts ice in town’ instead of a specific place. This allows the reader’s imagination to adapt his or her own location into the poem, making it feel personal. Heaney also creates that feeling by writing the poem in first person and not third person.

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What details in ‘The Early Purges’ tend to make us feel as the 6 year old boy does?

In the second stanza it says ‘soft paws scraping like mad. But their tiny din was soon soused’, this tells us the kittens looked innocent before they died, and makes the readers feel sympathy for them which was probably what the 6 year old boy felt for the kittens as well.

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the early purges, essay

The Early Purges is a poem, written by the now deceased Seamus Heaney. It is written in the first person and talks about the more gruesome and not often talked about, but neccicary side of farms.

The way the animals are treated is a necessary kindness. The writer talks about his young life on the farm, and discusses the morality of killing animals and how he was hardened against it. The death of the kittens in the first stanza started his conditioning, and his “education” that people from towns/cities lack. As Dan Taggart says and Seamus grows to believe, its […]

What details in ‘The Early Purges’ tend to make us feel as the 6 year old boy does?

Some of the details in ‘The Early Purges’ make us feel like the six year old boy does. For example when the writer, Seamus Heaney, describes seeing the kittens as they ‘bobbed and shone till he sluiced them out on the dunghill’. When the reader sees this they automatically feel a sense of sadness and shock.

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What we feel when reading “The Early Purges” by Seamus Heaney

In the poem “The Early Purges”, Seamus Heaney psychologically influences our emotions for the little boy and the kittens’ death . The first stanza claims that the kittens are being mistreated, when it reads “Dan Taggart pitched them, ‘the scraggy wee shits’, into a bucket; a frail metal sound”. Reading the second stanza horrifies the reader as it describes the kittens stressing before they drown. “Soft paws scraping like mad. But their tiny din Was soon soused. “ The words “soft” and “tiny” illustrate how innocent the kittens are and makes us feel pity for them, as much as the […]

Our feelings for ‘The Early Purges’

In the poem ‘The Early Purges’ the writer, Seamus Heaney, makes us feel similar feelings that the little boy in the poem is feeling. For example the first line is “I was six when i first saw kittens drown.” as soon as the reader reads that they automatically feel sad because everyone thinks that kittens are cute and its so sad to see them drowning. In the second stanza Seamus Heaney writes “Soft paws scrapping like mad. But their tiny din was soon soused.” this makes the reader feel uncomfortable because the poem is still talking about the kittens drowning,and […]


     The writer of ‘The Early Purges’ thoroughly describes his feelings of his childhood in this poem with specific details. The selection of words or phrases mainly contributes to the feeling that the poem gives. Some choices such as ‘suddenly frightened’, ‘fear’ or ‘sickening tug’ shows how the actions of Dan Taggart was seen cruel for the speaker, a 6-year-old child, who did not fully understand why Dan was killing ‘innocent’ animals. From the third and fourth stanza, referring from the words and phrases such as ‘glossy’, ‘dead’, ‘mealy’, ‘crisp’, ‘old summer dung’ the speaker lets us get into the 6-year-old’s […]

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