Bonus terminology question

Explain why the commonly-used expression

“scientifically proven”

is misleading and illogical.

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Response to Narrative Science and Storytelling

I have doubt about how much different version of telling influence on transferring information. It can give us different atmosphere, however, there won’t be much difference to deliver facts. Examples of same text (the Galilean telescope) in expository version and the narrative version gave me different impression with the author, Daniel Willingham. When we […]


is talking about the difference between addiction and love. The author of this essay used some shocking examples to claim that users are not addicted to the phone. Author mainly used the medical analysis to classify the difference between addiction and love. In the article, it used some interesting terms that directly gave […]

Review on Emotion

In TOK class, I learned about how emotion takes part in our thoughts. I was very surprised by the speech in TED. Dan Gilbert claimed that rich people or poor people, they synthesize the happiness into the same extent. This meant that happiness is not dependant on the social status of people. I felt […]

The Bilingual Advantage

After reading the Article “The Bilingual Advantage” I came across a very important and beneficial to humanity. According to Ellen Bialystok there is a connection between being bilingual and stalling the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. According to the article a study that was conducted showed that many people who were monolinguals were said to […]

The Bilingual Advantage

I think it is really interesting how bilingualism helps a person’s cognitive function so much. Dr. Bialystok’s research shows how helpful knowing two languages can be outside of the fact of just being able to understand more people. It benefits a person if they have the disease Alzheimer’s in that they can function for a […]

The bilingual advantage

I think it is interesting that Ellen Bialystok, in the interview “The bilingual advantage” explains how bilingual children have the ability to easier determine whether a sentence is grammatically correct or not. She tells us about an experiment where they asked both monolingual and bilingual children whether the sentence “Apples grow on noses” was […]

Behaving so strangely becuase of language?

The podcast ‘Behaving so strangely’ and other two articles,which are ‘Dreaming in Chinese’ and ‘The Biligual Advantages’. Podcast and articles discuss about whether languages can affect how people behave. All of this discussions were made in the form of interview. Neuroscientist and liguist have successfully anaylzed the efffects of language on diseases, daily life […]

Does your language shape how you think?

This essay, “Lost in Translation” is about an argument that does language affects the way people think or not. When Mr. Macknight asked me about my opinion of Lera Boroditsky’s idea, I couldn’t notice any difference of the way I think when I’m speaking in Chinese, Korean or English. However, after I finish reading […]

Reflection on Podcast “Behaving So Strangely”

It I were to be honest, I should say that I don’t remember a whole lot from the podcast. In fact, I don’t remember anything, EXCEPT THAT ONE LINE OF MUSIC/PHRASE/WHATEVER ONE MIGHT CALL IT. It’s black magic. No it’s not. It is just a repeated phrase played on a loop, which sounds like […]

Reflection on Deutscher Article

Upon reading Deutscher’s “Does your language shape how you think” article, I found some points to be particularly interesting. To start off, he pointed out some fatal flaws in Whorf’s assumption of language limiting people’s ways of thinking, and directed our thoughts to how language helps people to understand certain things better. I like […]

‘Dreaming in Chinese’ and ‘The Bilingual Advantage’

Two texts were talking about how nice to be bilingual.  The most remarkable issue was that bilingualism helps forestall the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia is one of the worst diseases that human can get, because it removes valuable memories. Time I had fun with friends and family and time I want to go […]

Does Different Languages affect Our Musical Ability

As stated in the video recording, being influence by languages like Chinese has a direct correlation with perfect pitch. To an extent there is, however, our personailty plays apart to our musical ability. If our personality was a more joyful type or more attentive to detail, this would help towards achieving a perfect pitch. […]

‘Lost in Translation’, How does our language shape us?

Our languages shape us as how we think. We can figure out this, by differences between each language. The essay, ‘Lost in Translation’ says, in English, we have to mark the verb for tense but in Indonesian we don’t need to change the verb for tense. Also, in Russian, they have to mark tense […]

Lost in translation, does language shape the way we think?

In the essay “Lost in translation”, Boroditsky uses Pormpuraaw, a remote aboriginal community In Australia, to explain how our language shapes our way of thinking. In Pormpuraaw, absolute cardinals are used instead of right and left to describe directions. Also, a common way of greeting somebody is “Where are you going?”, where an appropriate answer would be […]

‘Does your language shape how you think?’ – Guy Deutscher

Does my language shape how I think? In my opinion, yes, it does. According to Deutscher, the ‘Australian aboriginal tongue, Guugu Yimithirr, from north Queensland’ uses geographic coordinate, which is very unusual in many other languages. Using ‘north, south, west, east’ can be more convenient and natural to some people. A language builds up […]

Articles on Language

Sol and I have read an article about “15 Wonderful Words with no English Equivalent”. Despite the rough 1 million words in the English language, several terms get lost through translation. Some languages include Persian, Ulwa, Italian, Yiddish, Inuit, Hawaiian, Turkish, Czech, Japanese, German and several more.

In my opinion, this relates to TOK […]

Articles on language

“Is Twitter speech or writing?”

The article discusses how speeches and writing has changes overtime due to the use of social media platforms like Twitter. From what we you used know, writing seems to be giving an official written thoughts of what you want. Whereas speech is a more comfort way to express your […]

Articles on Language

Response to: “The Public” Disappears

The word “public” has become a dirty word.  In the current society, people have purposely removed “public” from the names of libraries and other things. This is because people believe that the word “public” has a negative connotation. If “public” was put in front of a term such as […]

Articles on Language

Article: SlutWalk march takes place in Bristol


Alex and I were meant to read an article on SlutWalk, which is a movement led by people who think the blame of rape should belong to the rapists, not the victims. This began sparking from a Canadian policeman who said the point of being victimised […]

Articles on language

“How 50 Big Companies Got Their Names” discusses how some of the largest, well known companies in the world got their names. Most of these companies (including adidas, 3M and AMC) got their names by abbreviations or ‘nicknames’ of the business owner or the business itself. However, their are some abnormalities, like ‘Arm & […]

Articles on Language

Response on: “Is Twitter speech or writing?”

This article is an interesting read. It discusses about what type of communication Twitter really is. Is it writing or is it speech? First of all, what is the difference between spoken words and written words? One of the many differences is that writing tends to be […]

Articles on Language

The article “Language universality idea tested with biology method” is discussing the development of language and influence of culture towards language.

In the article it says, “Cultural evolution, not the brain, drives language development”. Before thinking of the relationship between language and culture, we have to explain – what is  “culture”?

The definition of […]

Articles on Language

Language shape perceptions and we believe the perceptions are correct so we directly follow our perceptions. This article shows one example of how important the perceptions which are shaped by language. Recently, because the public goods and services are becoming dirtier and not as good as other goods, when there is a word “public” […]

Articles on Language

Claire and I have read an article about ’15 wonderful words with no English Equivalent’. Despite the rough 1 million words in the English language, several terms get lost through translation. Some languages include, Persian, Italian, Hawaiian, Ulwa, Yiddish, Turkish, Czech, Japanese, German, Welsh and many more.

People will not be able to express […]

Being a bilingual

The article presents very interesting idea about bilingual helps forestalls the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, in fact, it delays the symptoms of disease so that people can cope with diseases for longer time. This basically tells us the advantages of bilinguals. Bilingual people can think differently from the monolingual people because bilingual people are able to use the various […]

The bilingual Advantage

This article is about the advantages of bilingual. A cognitive neuroscientist, Ellen Bialystok got a question, which is “How does the acquisition of a second language change thought?” during her project studying second language acquisition in school children. After the research, Bialystok found that bilingual children are more focusing on important information and ignore […]

Which language will dominate?

I think English will become dominant language. Here are reasons and facts that follow. English is becoming many people’s second language and it is the language that is most practically used. Research shows that English is the most common language. This also means that English is practical. By practical, I mean that if you […]

Dreaming in Chinese

Unlike languages that might share something in common with each other (e.g alphabet/grammar), Chinese is completely different in its distinctive characters and tones. As hard as it is for foreigners to learn Chinese, monolingual Chinese people struggle just as much when attempting a foreign language such as French or English. Yet it is significantly easier […]

Article: “The Bilingual Advantage”

While reading the “Has the development of new neuro-imaging technologies changed your work?” question I noticed that this article connects to TOK by highlighting the importance of the ways of knowing. Firstly, without the development of new neuro-imaging technologies (sense and reason categories of WOKs) Dr. Ellen Bialystok would have not been able to […]

Being Multilingual

The article describes all the positive effects bilingualism has on people. It says that being bilingual can help us prevent Alzheimer disease, make our brains work more effectively by using more of them, and that it help us with multitasking. However, there are negative effects as well. This is my 6th year in China, […]

Necessity of understanding culture to speak fluently

According to “Eight questions: Deborah Fallows, ‘Dreaming in Chinese’”, it is said that understanding culture is not necessary for speaking language fluently. However, culture actually has close relationship with the language. Since culture is amorphous, there is no other way to describe it. This is why language has a crucial role in reflecting the […]

Dreaming in China

It is not surprising that we can find some cultural aspects from its language. In this article, it only cited the example of Chinese, but actually, all languages show the characteristics of the culture it is based on. Even though those Chinese people do not often say ‘thank you’ or ‘please’ in their routine conversation, […]

Thinking Literally

It is surprising to realize how common metaphors are present in our daily lives. In fact, we have become so familiar with it that one can’t notice a metaphor when they are using it. However, metaphors are born through human language, so instead of saying “we live by metaphors” I believe it is more […]

Thinking Literally

This article awake me that how we recognized metaphor unconsciously in our daily lives. A metaphor is a figure of speech that describes a subject by asserting that it is, on some point of comparison, the same as another otherwise unrelated object. The experiment in this article show this significantly. Metaphors aren’t just how we […]


Metaphors are results of what we know. We have to know the word and know how to match it with the meaning to use it. This is something that the article said. The article was quite interesting, saying that, by holding a glass of warm drink, we think that the person is also warm […]

Thinking Literally ; Metaphors

Metaphors  is a figure of speech that describes a subject by asserting that it is, on some point of comparison, the same as another otherwise unrelated object. To be honest, i did know lanuage is a tool to expressing us but i didn’t know it could also affect our thinking. Metaphor is an imaginative way of […]

Thinking Literally

After I read this text, I was amazed by the fact that how metaphors can make up our thinking. Metaphos actually drive our thought which shows the impact of language in our life. I thought metaphor is just a literary device which is to express the abstract ideas effectively. However, through the experiments that psychologists […]

Thinking Literally – Meatphors

Metaphor is an imaginative way of describing something by referring to something else which is the same in a particular way. For example, if you want to say that someone is very shy and frightened of things, you might say that they are a mouse. In this context, if we do not know what […]

“Thinking Literally”

This article made me realize how much the human body shapes the mind. It even affects the way we speak: our language. Metaphors are the perfect example because they “reveal the extent to which we think with our bodies.” They influence us so much that most of the time we use metaphors without even […]

Thinking Literally ; Metaphors

For almost people, it will be regarded as a nonsense to think that holding a hot object could affect the impression of someone you meet. Surprisingly, a number of studies have revealed that this theory could be true, and that is why I’m literally astonished. Until I knew about this unfamiliar theory, I thought that metaphors are […]

Thinking literally- metaphors-

Prior to reading this article, I regarded language as a tool or a way to express our thoughts but then I was really fascinated by the fact how a way of expression can actually affect our mind as well. Like, our thoughts can be confined when language is too limited to support our thought. […]

Metaphors: Stuart McMillen

Well worth a look:

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From the IBO TOK Guide (first exams in 2015):

How does language shape knowledge? Does the importance of language in an area of knowledge ground it in a particular culture? How are metaphors used in the construction of knowledge?

Language can refer to the mental faculty which allows people to learn and use complex […]

How languages shape the way you think

I have never really think hard and take the languages very seriously, but after hearing the radio program in the last Tok class, it change my perspective about language on whole new level. The radio we listened in our last TOK class mentioned that when we’re talking, we don’t realize that we are actually […]

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