Drawing the wrong lesson

In “Drawing the Wrong Lesson” by Max Hastings  claims that people tend to only believe in the history of their own country which ignore the parts of history that are not glorious.

I believe his opinion, talking with my background, when i was in Japan and watching Japanese news about which […]

Why do we cling to beliefs when they’re threatened by facts?

Interesting article at arstechnica.com has relevance to TOK:


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logical fallacy

Fallacy is common error in reasoning that will undermine the logic of our argument. Fallacies can be either illegitimate arguments or irrelevant poinnts, and are often identified because they lack evidence that supports their claim. Avoid these common fallacies in our own arguments and watch for them in the arguments of others.

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“The core of the scientific method”

. . . Ask a question and then investigate what the answer is. That’s the core of the scientific method—formulate a question, come up with a hypothesis, make a prediction based on that hypothesis, then test to see if that prediction holds. Not only is that a good way to do research, it is […]

Thoreau on democracy

“After all, the practical reason why, when the power is once in the hands of the people, a majority are permitted, and for a long period continue, to rule is not because they are most likely to be in the right, nor because this seems fairest to the minority, but because they are physically […]

“Something stronger than reason”

Pierre smiled, Natasha began to laugh, but Nicholas knitted his brows still more and began proving to Pierre that there was no prospect of any great change and that all the danger he spoke of existed only in his imagination. Pierre maintained the contrary, and as his mental faculties were greater and […]

☂ Umbrellaology

In this letter the author states that “Umbrellaology” is a science. While others may disagree, I agree with the author. Umbrellaology may be unheard of and rare, but to classify as a science it must follow the Scientific Method and be distinguished from a pseudo-science.

I think that by the Scientific rules, Umbrellaology does technically […]

Human Rights post

In my opinion human rights are rooted in a particular culture. you are brought up by your parents and are told whats right and wrong and usually stick by these rights. It becomes engraved into your mind and you dont know what else to think and struggle to understand other peoples opinions on rights […]

Deduction and Induction

Seeing as everybody has already explained deduction and induction in their own way, I’ll try to keep my explanation short (okay, fine, not) and simple; to do that, I’ll use the analogy to facilitate my explanation: Sudoku.

I’m sure that everyone has tried a Sudoku puzzle before, but just in case someone hasn’t, I’ll […]

The reason

Discussion about right reason in last TOK discussion got me thinking about it. What is the reason for something? What is a right reason? WHat is an opinion? These questions were useful that made me think about it. The reason that everyone can refer to would be something that has no logical false that […]

The Selfish Gene: Evolution Through Natural Selection

The name Richard Dawkins sounded really familiar. I confirmed much later that he was the author of one of the books that I really liked: “The Selfish Gene”. The book talks about the controversial topics of evolution, and explains why all organisms, from a simple amoeba in the water to a complex multicellular human, […]

Brain in vats

Thinking about brain in vats questions, it seems like its in our nature that we always doubt reality even to the point where we percieve by sense perception. It is surely a confusing question, as you do not have possible way to figure out answer, but it does really matter when it comes to […]

Neuroscience vs Philosophy: Free Will? Or Not…?




This isn’t exactly related to what we were talking about in the last few sessions, but this topic has popped up in my science news, so I thought I’d talk about it.

The question here is: Are we really making subconscious decisions before even being aware of them, and are […]

Truman Show Post 2

We probably take everything in our own reality for granted. That includes the things we see every day to the very “facts” that are given to us, through media, books etc. This is because we encounter these “facts” and we take in the same things with our senses all the time, so our body […]

Is art subjective? Oh my . . .

After skimming through the posts and comment that have appeared so far, all I can say is . . .



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#22 ToK Class: Is Art Subjective?

Is art subjective? Or is art objective? Well, it really depends on what one thinks of the question in this blog post’s title. According to John Searle and his article “Subjectivity and Objectivity“, if something is objective, any issues can be settled by verifying it or falsifying it. Therefore, if something is subjective, it […]

TOK 11 Cheers for procrastination!

That TOK journal entry probably should have been about either Nanas and Cradles presentation or some stuff about math. Since I was missing at that day and certainly don’t want to read that math stuff I think writing about procrastination should be fine. (Hopefully)

Procrastination is a great habit of students. It prevents a […]

January 29, 2010

On Thursday we did a post-mortem on last week’s essay exercise, “What is art?” Today after dealing with essay cover sheets we had a brief discussion on the question, “Is art political?”

Comments open until next Wednesday after lunch.

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Friday, 22 January

On Thursday we did some practice argumentation with an essay response outlining how one would address the question, “What Is Art?”. Today we read through part of Stanley Fish’s article, “French Theory in America”, explaining the basic ideas behind deconstructionism.

Please finish reading the article on your own and then leave a comment here. […]

November 5-6: Taste, quality, beauty

This week we read through Paul Graham’s essay, “Taste for Makers”. We also talked about Tastee Freeze ice cream vs. gourmet ice cream (judgments of taste vs. judgments of quality) and briefly mentioned two pairs of key terms: relative vs. absolute, and subjective vs. objective.

Paul Graham and I used the word ‘taste’ to […]

October 29/30: Cave & Categories

We looked this week at a handout summarizing Plato’s ‘Allegory of the Cave’, and at the transcript of an online conversation among TOK teachers concerning categories, beginning with TOK’s four ‘Ways of Knowing’ but branching out from there to consider categories in general.

You’re either in the cave or out of the cave. You […]

22/23 October

On Thursday we looked at an IBO document concerning ‘knowledge issues’ and an article by Stanley Fish concerning two recent books on the existence of God and possible explanations of evil and suffering. Friday will be spent working on oral presentations.

Comments will be open until next Wednesday. In your comments, try to focus […]

September 24, 2009

Today we read a brief essay on argumentation from the University of North Carolina, and then the rest of the lesson was used to work on TOK essays, etc.

For Friday’s lesson, please come to AS307 to continue working on your various essays in progress.

Reminders about the TOK portion of the Gr. 12 […]

September 11, 2009

On Thursday we finished reading ‘The Meno’. You might want to comment on virtue: what it is, and/or whether it can be taught; on Socrates’s conviction that we are better off if we continue to inquire into these kinds of questions, even if we don’t arrive at definite answers; on Socrates’s method of argumentation; […]

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