Reflection for storytelling

The essay, Storytelling, is basically explaining about the importance of storytelling in ways of knowing. Before I learn this essay, the impression of storytelling was just telling some fairytales, which is most of children like. However, I noticed that storytelling is not only telling stories for fun, it is how we learn thing, and […]

Only for entertaining?

Since when I was little, I liked to do art, making and painting things. However, I thought the art is only for entertaining. Thus, when I learning about the history of art, I couldn’t really understand the artists’ idea that the art is their life. Even though I took the IGCSE Art for 2 […]

Fallacies in Debates

It is during a debate in which one can encounter uncorroborated and/or fictitious arguments and thus debaters usually tend to have exposure in identifying logical fallacies. As a rule of thumb, when an opposition makes an invalid point, debaters have to identify it as a fallacy and convey it such that the argument is rendered […]

Beau Lotto – Colour

Beau Lotto’s intriguing TED talk explains the very fundamentals of something that we take for granted – colour. If we were to ask someone to describe, let’s say the colour red without saying the using ‘red’ it would probably be very difficult.

A quote that I found particularly interesting, albeit long, was –

as […]

You Love Your iPhone. Literally.

“You love your iPhone. Literally” by Martin Lindstrom, is an article that discusses about how people nowadays (or more specifically in 2011 when this article as written) have developed an irrational addiction towards their iPhone so much so that it can be categorized as love. Had I not seen the replies to this article, I […]


As said by the American Comic Strip Artist, Bill Watterson – “The secret to happiness is short-term, stupid self-interest!” Although phrased rather bluntly and somewhat cynically, I cannot help but to agree with this statement. To me, happiness is a temporary state; one day you can be very euphoric, the next, perhaps melancholic. Whilst the two […]

2015 May TOK Essay Question Planning

Q1. There is no such thing as a neutral question. Evaluate this statement with reference to two areas of knowledge.

Key Terms: Neutral question, 2 AOKs

Difficulty: Defining the term ‘Neutral question’- VAGUE

It will be important to first define the term ‘neutral question’. 

It is believed that all […]

TOK ~ Questions preview

Q1. There is no such thing as a neutral question. Evaluate this statement with reference to two areas of knowledge.

Key term: Neutral question Neutral questions exist. “If a question is not neutral, then it is not really a question, but rather a statement, or judgment, disguised as a question.” However, why do we […]

Possible essay titles analysis

1) key terms: evaluate and neutral question

knowledge issue: (?)

WOK/AOK: psychology, maths (?), reason and language

problems: defining what we consider to be neutral

wouldn’t consider this: word limit


2) key terms: humankind, passive observation, active experiment, only 2 ways

knowledge issue: Can knowledge only be gained from these two ways?

WOK/AOK: […]

May 2015 TOK Essay Analysis

There is no such thing as a neutral question. Evaluate this statement with reference to two areas of knowledge.

The most essential part that the essay will need to focus on is the definition for neutral question. As different individuals see things differently, can there be a question that is not bias? Therefore, the most […]

Essay Titles

1. There is no such thing as a neutral question. Evaluate this statement with reference to two areas of knowledge.

Key terms: Neutral and evaluate.

Key knowledge question: To what extent is a neutral question acceptable in questioning and judging?

AOKs and WOKs: Psychology (Loftus and Palmer, Changing keywords have effect on answer […]

TOK Essay Questions considerations

There is no such thing as a neutral question. Evaluate this statement with reference to two areas of knowledge.

I do agree with this question to some degree.

The key term is “neutral question” in this question. The main

The key knowledge question: To what extent can we produce a neutral question? (How […]

May 2015 Essay Titles

1. There is no such thing as a neutral question. Evaluate this statement with reference to two areas of knowledge. Key terms: neutral question, evaluate, two areas of knowledge Suitable AOKs/WOKs: Literature (Language) Mathematics (Reason) Potential problems: What is a ‘neutral question’? Is it a question that does not add weight to any side? […]

May 2015 Essay Titles — At First Glance

1. There is no such thing as a neutral question. Evaluate this statement with reference to two areas of knowledge.

– The keyword here is ‘neutral question’, which means that the question is unbiased and does not take any of the sides of the issue.

– Knowledge Questions: How can we know when a […]

TOK Questions

There is no such thing as a neutral question. Evaluate this statement with reference to two areas of knowledge. What is a Neutral Question? Since we all interpret things differently can there ever be a question that is neutral? AOK: Scientific/Mathematical questions vs. Abstract questions e.g. Art “There are only two ways in […]

2015 Prescribed Essay titles

Neutral question refers to a question that does not include any opinion or stance of a person asking the question. We might ask “Who will you vote for the next president? Person A or person B?” But then, if the person is thinking of voting for a person A on the firsthand, the […]

May 2015 Prescribed Essay Titles

1. There is no such thing as a neutral question. Evaluate this statement with reference to two areas of knowledge. – Key terms: neutral question, evaluate, two areas of knowledge – Suitable AOK/WOK: English and Economics or Business Studies because neutral questions are used in questionnaires for customers. – Potential difficulties: First knowing what […]

Does your language shape how you think?

This essay, “Lost in Translation” is about an argument that does language affects the way people think or not. When Mr. Macknight asked me about my opinion of Lera Boroditsky’s idea, I couldn’t notice any difference of the way I think when I’m speaking in Chinese, Korean or English. However, after I finish reading […]

My first Impression of TOK

Before the TOK classes, I didn’t know anything about it. I just got the idea of what it stands for from the time table, but I didn’t know what are we going to do in that class. However, after the classes that introducing TOK, I had more ideas about it. From the first lessons of TOK classes, […]

Advice for new TOK students

A major piece of advice I have for you before starting TOK is for you to be open-minded. When discussing a topic, you must consider all viewpoints and arguments, and don’t look down on anyone else’s views or comments. Another piece of advice is for you to be confident. Don’t be afraid to speak […]

Advice for New TOK Students

Now, as a year 13 students, I wished I asked the previous year 13 students more questions about TOK.

First of all, I would encourage the students to involve in the conversations in class all the time. The conversation stimulate you to think more about the topic. Also, as you are discussing (or arguing) […]

Introduction to Theory Of Knowledge (TOK)

TOK is about questioning the way we think. An example would be why do all of us have different opinions in the same situation? To answer this question, we got to first ask ourselves what is the difference between others and me? Why is it that the ways we think differ? These questions make […]

Advice for New TOK Students

In TOK there is no formula or method that is correct.

We can examine a topic through the ways of knowing (WOK)- emotion, language, reason, sense perception and area of knowledge (AOK) e.g history, math etc.

When exploring an issue, different points of view should be addressed even if they contradict each other and […]

Introduction to TOK

TOK is an abbreviation for Theory of Knowledge. Well, it is really hard to say specifically what TOK really is so I would like to introduce some general stuff we learn in TOK.

First, TOK explores how different subjects approach knowledge in different ways. For instance, knowledge we learn from mathematics is followed by […]

advice for TOK

What is TOK (Theory of Knowledge)?

TOK is the process of thinking and evaluating about the ordinary problems and ideas we have daily. A student will be required to reflect critically and understand the importance of how the problems related to the uncertainty of the world. These can be things as simple as what […]

Introducing TOK

Theory of Knowledge is to understand our world through different perspectives. We constantly ask questions in this subject that relates to the philosophical aspect of our world. We want to know the definition of knowledge, yet there is no identical answer that classifies “knowledge”. Even when the word “knowledge” is used constantly in our […]

Short advice

TOK is like finding something new from something familiar. It makes it really important to look at something in a different point of view in TOK. When you do your TOK presentation or essay, you are asked to set a single real-life situation you are going to analyze through the whole presentation and […]

Advice for new TOK students

TOK, Theory of Knowledge.

Thinking TOK as ‘Thinking about Thinking’ time helps a lot.

The first time I was introduced to this new subject, I was literally dying trying to figure out what the teacher was talking about. I did try to ask more questions just to understand the concepts, but I still didn’t […]

Advice for Y12 TOK students

The main advice I would give new TOK students is that, before you take this class, make sure you have an open mind, even if it may be something you’ll have to work on. By this, I mean an open mind not only about the actual class, but also towards others’ opinions. You’ll make […]

Advice for new TOK students

When you enter the TOK world first time, you will be stunned and don’t know what to do. Don’t worry and just listen to what your TOK teacher says, and ask them for help any time. It’s important to talk a lot in classroom. Participate class discussion actively. Tok is all about what people […]

Advice for Year 12 TOK Students

To do well overall: Listen in class and try to write down some notes each time. When it comes to essay writing and presentations at the end of year you can look over everything you did. Take it seriously like any other class because you could be needing those extra points!

To do well […]

Evidence in Ethics

Ethic is a set of moral principle, which affects how people make decisions and lead their lives. It is concerned with what is good for individuals and society and is also described as moral philosophy. Evidence is what tends to prove of disprove something


So how do we know whether it is ethical […]

Evidence in Arts


While reading this post, please refer to the artwork “The gleaners”. I was not able to add the picture with my post.

In science, evidence is the data collected that supports the hypothesis or theory. In mathematics, evidence is the calculation and logics that supports the equation or some mathematical concept. Then, what […]

Evidence in Logic

What is Logic? : The study of the methods and principles used to distinguish good or correct (valid) reasoning from bad or incorrect (invalid) reasoning.

A Valid Argument is one that follows the laws of logic; it is properly reasoned.

What is reasoning? : Consciously making sense of things, applying logic, for […]

Evidence: History

1. How does each of your History define evidence?

Source-> Most critical in learning history Historians use evidences to formulate a balanced judgment on issues concerned on them. They usually call evidences “sources”. Evidence for historians is rather to gain information before they make actual theory. Evidence is “discovered” rather than “made” Historians distinguish […]

What’s your Evidence?: In Biology and Physics

(a) How does each of your areas of knowledge define evidence? The information indicating whether a proposition is true.

-Evidence in Biology: carrying out an investigation of the effect of temperature on enzymes: then evidence would be anything that supports your hypothesis -Evidence in Physics: investigating the effect of your weight on your […]

Evidence in Theatre

Theatre Evidence:

Approaches to Evidence: Audience Perspective: 1. The Overt Reaction 2. Personal Opinion Actors Perspective: 1. Actor’s Experience

The Overt Reaction:

Focus on Theater in Performance • Physical responses from Audience = can give insight on the quality of a production (acting/tech/directing/etc) • This is why when we go see a movie we […]


So what is truth? It is actually a very hard question because to define it, we will also need to consider several other questions such as: How do we know if something is true? Can truth be proved? How far are we away from the truth, assuming that there is any truth at all?


True conclusion, Valid conclusion, Proof

The recent presentation gave me a great opportunity to seriously ponder over what truth really is. Truth is a farfetched concept from our daily lives. We do not really need to testify what we learn at school in order to buy some stuff in the market, figure out shortest bus route to your friend’s […]

Truth, Belief, and Justified True Belief – JTB

(a) (b) Definition of ‘justified true belief’, History of ‘justified true belief’

Justified True Belief can be defined as knowledge. However, the concept of ‘knowledge’ varies according to philosophers. Plato was the first person to come up with the phrase ‘justified true belief’ and define it as knowledge. However, in the 20th century, Michael […]

Truth, Belief and Justified true belief

In our life, belief is regarded as something we perceive from reality. In this case, there are two options for this belief: is it true or false? If it’s true, you can call this as true belief and vice versa for false belief. Only for true belief, if the belief has any evidence or […]

Absolute vs Relative–Math

When Edison was in school, he claimed that 1+1=1 with following statement; if one chunk of clay is added to another chunk of clay, it is still one chunk of clay. Therefore, 1+1=1 However, Edison was wrong. Actually, his way of saying is wrong. First, the clay that is on his left hand […]

Valid conclusion, True conclusion; Proof

History of Valid conclusion

The very first history of valid conclusion is by Aristotle. To get background knowledge of him, we need to know about Plato as well. Aristotle studied in Plato’s Academy. In the academy, he was a brilliant student as much as opposed some of Plato’s teachings. Plato supported Dualism. He had […]

Proof, Valid and True Conclusions

My group researched Proof, Valid Conclusion, and True Conclusion. We came to understand that, to a basic level, and greatly due to Mr Macknight, a valid conclusion is solely applicable in Logic. A valid conclusion is when one utilises a series of propositions and uses deductive reasoning to come to a results. This begins […]

Subjective VS Objective with different AOK

1.Mathematics& Logic: Data are observable by more than two people-> Objective Objectivism applies to mathematics& logic in a way that it is independent from individual’s beliefs and opinions. It is an indubitable knowledge which presents definite answers, so it is considered to be extremely rational, and everyone can agree with it. Therefore, math doesn’t […]

Recent Comments