The Fallibility of our Brain

Our physical senses are limited and can sometimes lead us to make serious mistakes. Any one of our senses are vulnerable to our environment. We receive certain inputs, through our olfactory, auditory, gustative, tactile and visual organs, which we utilise to navigate our environment. Our brains have evolved to scan through the gargantuan amounts of information it receives and disregard the materials that are unimportant to us at that time, therefore making us oblivious to those external factors.This development allows us to fully focus on particular subjects, people or objects allowing us not to be bothered by extraneous factors. As a result, the ticking of a clock or the adjacent conversation is not recognisable to us and we have the ability to tune it out; enabling us to undergo basic human functions such as concentration. Unfortunately, because our brains only focus on a minor part of the total input it receives, consequently, it can work against us as we can easily be tricked or fooled to believe somethings else. At a young age our brain makes connections and forms networks of neurones for each new article that we come across. This enables us to recognise a wide variety of things almost instantaneously. However, that is were we become susceptible to error. The brain already receives a large amount of information (via the sensory organs) and as a result it may disregard certain aspects of something it is observing either because it is placing all of its focus on one particular aspect rather than looking at the general image – which can be witnessed in the Gorilla experiment; where one is observing a team of players passing a basketball and is oblivious of the obvious manifestation of a gorilla in the middle of the game. Or the brain could also make a quick judgement due to a false assumption made from previous encounters with the subject matter. In conclusion, due to the mechanism of our brain and its use of sensory input we are in risk of making errors when manoeuvring through the sea of information.

 

 

Be the first to like.

The Limitations of Our Physical Senses

Our physical senses are limited and can sometimes lead us to make serious mistakes. They are limited in a manner that we can only sense up to a certain extent. This is because our senses have evolved in a way that has been useful to us in the past.For example, we can sense UV lights because they cause a rise in body temperature. This is sensed by our bodies because it avoids us from getting sun-burnt. On the other hand we cannot sense radio waves because it is not useful for our bodies to be aware that they exist. However, since our senses are limited they can lead us to make mistakes. For example, our ocular sense can be tricked easily by optical illusions or heavily influenced by the context in which we find ourselves. These tricks on the eyes can result in hallucinations such as the ones that happen with people who have Charles Bonnet syndrome. Individuals who suffer from this condition have barely any or no visual input and because of this they see hallucinations. This can cause them to become afraid of the things they see and make them feel as if they were going crazy. Limitations in our physical senses such as our eyesight can cause us to believe in things that are not true. Individuals who have Charles Bonnet syndrome are not sick or insane but because of deficient eyesight and misdiagnosis they can be led to think so.

Be the first to like.

Sense perception

Sense perception is the perception by or based on stimulation of the senses. We usually trust our senses and we believe our senses. However, our physical senses are limited and can sometimes lead us to make serious mistakes. We can prove this by optical illusion, auditory illusion and hallucination. For example for optical illusion, in TED talk showed a video. In the video there are 6 people. 3 are wearing white jerseies and other 3 are wearing black jerseies. And they are passing the ball to each other but white jersey is passing to white jersey only. People who watch this video are supposed to count how many balls are being passed between the white jersey team. However, there is one interesting thing goes on. During the passing the ball, a person who wore gorilla costume. More interesting thing is that alsmost half of people do not recognize that gorilla appears. They ‘saw’ the gorilla but they say they did not see the gorilla. Well, our eyes made a mistake. Beside this, in our real life, our senses often make mistakes. For my experience, while I am concentrating on playing games, watching TV or studying, I sometimes cannot hear what mom said to me. Like this, we can realise that our senses make mistakes a lot and are limited.

Be the first to like.

Sense Perception

     Our physical senses are limited and can sometimes lead us to make serious mistakes. Sometimes we see or hear things that others can’t, such as ghosts or just your auditory hallucination. Or, we might think that we heard something or saw something that turns out wrong. People who sees ghosts and gods gets frightened by it or think as if it’s something holy, whereas others who doesn’t believe in ghosts or gods just think it’s a silly thing. So I think that limits of our physical senses vary according to your belief or maybe, your ability. From my own experience, I found that the faith in my own sense gets stronger as time passes. There were many times when I believed in my sense and thought that what other’s says are wrong. However, I remember that it was very shocking to find out that I was the one who was incorrect. It was very hard to admit that I was wrong because the scene where I saw or heard were so clear that I could imagine that scene perfectly. By experiencing betrayal from my senses, now I can’t believe 100% in my self even though I think it’s right. I also want to tell others to not believe in your past senses wholly, and to also consider what others say. I hope no one gets upset on what we believed our senses told us in the past.

Be the first to like.

Limited physical senses

Our physical senses are limited and can sometimes lead us to make serious mistakes. This is largely because our physical senses act as role as a bridge between outside world and our mind. Also, this bridge is “one way path” which means that what you perceive can change according to the outside world but the outside world doesn’t change according to your perception. For instance, when I was in Korea, I went to river beside my house with my friends to swim one day. The depth of the river seemed to be quite deep since the sunlight was not able to reach the bottom. That’s why I expected the depth to be more than 1 meter and a half and dived in. However, the depth was actually less than 40 centimeter and I was ended up breaking my foot. Also, there was one case when I have mistaken pesticide with strawberry juice when I was seven years old. This was because pesticide was stored inside a strawberry juice carton and I was unable to distinguish the smell and the color of the pesticide to the real strawberry juice. I was stopped by my mother fortunately but I learnt that my physical senses are not trustworthy and that I should doubt any drinks in a container that has been opened before.

1 person likes this post.

Sense Perception

Our physical senses are limited and can sometimes lead us to make serious mistakes. For example,  those people who have a problem of differing colors, especially who do not even realize that they have that kind of issue, can face a devastating situation (e.g. driving – misunderstanding of traffic light – car accident) during their daily life. Like this, the sense perception can be a factor leading us to make a mistake. Sometimes it could be trivial,  but sometimes, it could be disastrous as well. On an assumption that the sense perception is not perfect, here’s a question. Why do we over-trust the sense perception? Ironically, the cause of this improper trusting toward the sense perception is the sense perception’s limitation. Here’s a sentence: ‘we cannot study our brains by using our brains.’ This is just the same notion. We cannot even realize that our sense perception is limited because we don’t know whether there is something else out there, which we cannot perceive with our sense perceptions.

Be the first to like.

Sense Perception

Our physical senses are limited and can sometimes lead us to make serious mistakes. I have some evidences to prove this statement. First of all, the gashutalt collapse phenomenon showed the clear limitation of our sense perception. One scientist tested a group of people. Those people see a Chinese character appearing on the screen. It was not a complicated and some people already know how to write that character. On the screen, the same characters keep appearing and people are concentrated on looking the screen. After ten minutes, scientist turned the screen off. Then he asked people to write the character on the screen they saw. The result was surprising. Nobody remembered the character they have seen for ten minutes. The character was not that complicated and even people who already know that character forgot how to write that character. After scientist tell them what is the word, people were surprised that they couldn’t remember it. Do our eyes have problem? No. People knew they saw something but they don’t remember what was it. This phenomenon is called gashutalt collapse. People don’t remember what they saw just before even though they think they remember it. This shows how our physical senses are limited. Even though we know we saw something, we don’t know what we saw.

Be the first to like.

Physical senses and mistakes.

 

 

Our physical senses are limited and can sometimes lead us to make serious mistakes.

Physical senses are limited in a way that it causes us to make mistakes. Most common mistakes humans make is by hearing. When we speak and listen, we are transferring important data or information. We make mistakes by confusing words with other words that sounds similar or if our brain is busy thinking about other things, our physical senses are not the primary insertions that brain processes. This results in physical senses being processed less importantly and results in us mishearing or misunderstanding. Can you listen to your angry mom and solve math algebra at the same time? It becomes extremely hard to concentrate on one subject without ignoring one. Ignoring your mom will result in death or even longer torment. Ignoring math will result in failure in life. Like this, our physical senses are very limited. We often misunderstand, or can’t multitask. With help of alcohol, our physical senses become even unreliable therefore we do stuffs that we would never do. We are that close from becoming (what we define) crazy. We depend on limited physical senses, even though it is unstable and can cause serious mistakes because there are no alternatives.

2 people like this post.

Practice Body ¶ November 2013

Write a 200-300 word paragraph beginning with this sentence:

Our physical senses are limited and can sometimes lead us to make serious mistakes.

Publish your paragraph as a new post on this blog. Category: “Practice Body Paragraphs”.

Be the first to like.

Are we all seeing hallucination?

The idea that seeing hallucination is not related to brain disfunction pretty shocked me. It was the way the brain interpreted limited information from impaired sensory system. In other words, the problem of people who suffer from hallucination is just that they perceive less information/sense/perception compared to normal people. That’s why their brains cannot interpret those information as what “normal people” interpret.

However, one question struck my mind. How can I prove I am not seeing hallucination? I might be seeing hallucination but not realize it because it appears so real, why not? For instance, my friend had some problem with his eyes that he saw color red as blue and blue as red. So when everyone was seeing red, the color “red” appears as blue in his head.

In addition to that human eyes can only sense very limited frequencies of electromagnetic wave, known as light. This means we can only sense fraction, tiny fragment of what actually exists around us. If hallucination is caused by limited senses that can be perceived, there is no reason to say that we are also seeing hallucination because we, as well, can see only fraction of the “real world”. Therefore, to patients who can perceive less senses than the normal people, their hallucination can be correct in respect to their limited sense perception ability; to normal people who can sense only fraction of the “real world”, what they sense is hallucination in respect to the whole world that we cannot perceive entirely.

1 person likes this post.

Sense Perception

Our senses are fallible. In the last classes we have been exploring how our senses are helping and limiting us to view the world. With existentialist questions, such as “How do we know if we are living in the real world if our sense’s don’t depict the truth?” However, personally knowing and realising that our senses are limited makes us wiser and knowledgable, I feel like it shouldn’t make a change. On one of the TED talks, about optical illusions, the talker mentioned how we see only what is relevant to us. Although the idea sounds perturbing, it makes sense for us to have a focalised view of the world. In conclusion, we see the real world because I think that to us the real world is what we make of it; even if we don’t understand the full complexity of our planet we are able to navigate it with the understanding that we have.

Be the first to like.

Sense perception experiment

There is one interesting experiment about sense perception. The experiment is called “Who saw the gorilla”. The outline of experiment is like this: there are people who are passing a white ball. The audiences watch and should count how many passes those people made. However, during the experiment, gorilla came in for few seconds. After finishing experiment, scientists ask did the aundience see the gorilla. There are only few people who saw gorilla which indicates the people’s brain were only focused on couting passes so ignored the gorilla. It’s quite interesting because sometimes what we saw is wrong but our sense make us believe what we saw is right. We call this sense perception. The sense perception occurs because our brain processes only useful information from our senses. But, how brain choose the information? and why they do that? That remains question still. Does it relate with our emotion, desire or mind?

Be the first to like.

Sense Perception

Our senses are what enable us to navigate through daily activities smoothly, however, whether what we see are reliable or in other words whether or not our senses detect the “real world” is yet to be decided. During the previous two lessons, we were shown video clips that played around with sight perception. I was baffled how most of us were completely oblivious to the fact a gorilla appeared out of nowhere right in the middle of the court. I was so focused on something else that weirdly, even though I recall detecting a change when the gorilla made its entrance, my mind simply ignored the change. I was further surprised by the following Ted talk which demonstrated how optical senses can be deceiving. This makes me suspicious whether I could trust my other senses and whether the world is how we perceive it as it is. I used to figure it all related to the brain and its complex structure but after rethinking about how our brains are deceiving us with senses we so trusted, I think its highly likely that what one sees differs to an extent from another and what we all actually see may not be the “real world”.

1 person likes this post.

Sense perception

In the video, it claimed that our eyes see only what we needed to. First example was a video which made us count how many times the players passed the ball. Because we were focused number of passing, we did not see the gorilla in the video. The point was, our senses are not 100% correct but when would we concentrate on a single matter that much?. This was done in a situation where we were made to concentrate our senses to one matter. We were forced to see a thing in a big picture, not the big picture itself. Most of the times, we look at the big picture. Also, the thing we talked about jury and the witnesses, i also disagree with this witnesses who tells jury i saw him do that, or not. We are not in a century where we report to the jury what they have done by story telling. We live in a era where evidence is everything you need. Thank you for reading.

2 people like this post.

Sense perception

On the dictionary, sense perception is defined as ‘understanding gained through the use of one of the senses such as sight, taste, touch or hearing.’ However, we sometimes, or more often than we think, cannot recognize what we saw. This is becuase our brain filter or select the information that we need. For example, the gorilla clip on Youtube, firstly told us to count the number of passes among the white team. In this case, the gorilla was unneccessary information, so our brain might haven’t concentrated on it. This is natural, normal and you don’t need to doubt everything you saw by your eyes. However, you should know anything you saw is not everything. There could be more.

1 person likes this post.

Sense Perception

It’s hard to believe that what we see is not ‘what we see’. However, the videos that we saw made me admit that I, my senses, were wrong. The first video made us count how many times the players passed the ball, and the main point of this video turned out to be the gorilla. More than half of the people who watched that video didn’t know that the gorilla was in it even though it was very obvious. The reason was that the people were focusing on counting the passes, which made them miss the gorilla. The second video was the TED talk, and it was unbelievable. He showed us a cube that is the same colour, but is in different context. I couldn’t believe my eyes, however I looked, it looked completely different and I still can’t believe that it is the same colour. It makes me quite scared if I think that this happened to me in reality. How will I know if I have seen something wrong, or missed something crucial? It will be difficult to not trust what I see, but I think I should keep in mind that not everything I see is actually correct.

1 person likes this post.

Sense perception

Sense perception is understanding gained through the use of one of the senses such as sight, taste, touch or hearing. However, after watching the TED Talk, I started to think we should not 100% sure about our senses or 100% believe them. The video, the gorilla one, is the example. How can half of people who watch this for the first time do not recognize that gorilla appears? Well, I think that is why we should not perfectly trust our senses. There was a gorilla walking through people, who were passing the basketball, but some of people did not recognize it. Optical illusion is interesting and weird. I feel like I am being fool and I cannot believe my eyes and myself.

1 person likes this post.

Sense Perception: Optical Illusion TED TALK

A thing I learned about our senses in the past two classes is that we simply shouldn’t trust them because they are unreliable – particularly our sight. Even at the most fundamental level of vision which is seeing colors context plays an important role. Depending on the context or background, colors appear differently to our eyes. The optical illusion that involves finding the same color circles on different color backgrounds is a perfect example of how easily our senses can be tricked. But the video suggests another way of seeing this, the presenter says “the brain didn’t evolve to see the world the way it is but it evolved in a way it was useful to us in the past.” What I don’t understand however is how seeing optical illusions is useful to us in any way. If the brain did evolve in way that was useful to us wouldn’t it evolved to be able to detect and see past optical illusions.

2 people like this post.

Sense Perception

“There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your Philosophy.” – William Shakespeare, Hamlet I.v. It is hard to suppose what we see and hear, touch and smell, taste and feel aren’t everything that is around us, there are still things beyond our sense perception. After we have watched the gorilla clip from YouTube, I realized that there are still things we didn’t recognize even though we are staring right at it. In this case, there are far too many things we didn’t notice in our life, but it might just brush past us.

During the TED talk, Richard Dawkins said, “Our brains have evolved to help us survive within the orders of magnitude of size and speed which our bodies operate at. We never evolved to navigate in the world of atoms. If we had, our brains probably would perceive rocks as full of empty space.” It is true that “Rocks feel hard and impenetrable to our hands, precisely because objects like rocks and hands cannot penetrate each other.” “Such notions help us to navigate our bodies through the ‘middle-sized’ world in which we have to navigate.”

If our sense perception or our brain, just not good, or not enough for us to even survive our daily routine; since we miss so many things around us, then what is the way that can help us to make through?

2 people like this post.

Sense Perception

 Usually, we believe that what we see through our eyes and what we hear through our ears are all and real. That’s exactly what I’ve thought before I watched a TED talk in the last TOK lesson. ‘Our brains control and select what we perceive.’ Aren’t we overtrusting our sense perception on the assumption that this statement is true? There are so many factors that lead us to make unintended biased-decisions. Even the sense of sight, which we rely on the most among our five senses, can be blurred so easily by several conditions like shadow and color. How about our thought? Generally, we don’t suspect the certainty of our thought, but according to the statement above, all of concepts and phenomenon that we have regarded so naturally could be fake – something like illusion. The question is ‘is it something we need to be concerned or worry about?’ On a personal level, I think ‘it isn’t.’ If it is true that our brains control what we perceive, it proves spontaneously that what we have perceived under control of our brains is enough to live an ordinary life. Just imagine if you can see the radio-waves in Wi-Fi zone. THAT is unnecessary.

 

 

1 person likes this post.

“The core of the scientific method”

. . . Ask a question and then investigate what the answer is. That’s the core of the scientific method—formulate a question, come up with a hypothesis, make a prediction based on that hypothesis, then test to see if that prediction holds. Not only is that a good way to do research, it is also a great way to present your research to others. Start off with your question! That does a lot of things. It clarifies in the reader’s mind what the purpose of the study is. It helps the reader to relate the study you’ve done to the things that interest them. And it helps you and the reader have a way to see if the study you’ve done has accomplished something. And remember—a study that disproves your hypothesis may be just as interesting and useful as one that confirms it.

http://www.baseballprospectus.com/article.php?articleid=22147

Good advice for any essay writer, writing about any subject—including TOK students writing TOK essays!

Be the first to like.

Emotion

On the booklet about emotion, there is a quote, which is ‘deep thinking is attainable only by a man of deep feeling’ by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. This quote made me to think the relationship between thinking and feeling. Thinking, in dictionary, is defined as using head to judge the object. Feeling, in dictionary, is defined as something that you feel through the mind or through the senses. I think ‘thinking’ can be done without feeling. For example, when you see a book, then you think ‘there is a book.’ You don’t need any feelings to think that. However, I think feelings are all about thinking. This is because we use our hippocampus that is a part of our brain, to feel something. So we use our brain to feel, which include in the definition of thinking.

Be the first to like.

Emotion

Emotion is speical. It is what humans have most than any other animals. According to research, humans have at least 1 more feelings and emotions than other species. But is feelings and emotions countable? It is both yes and no. Love as a word is countable. But we can’t tell others how much we love you. 100kg of love or 2 tons of love it just doesn’t gives us a sense of how much. All animals have feelings and most basic feeling is pain. It is there for every animals and it is something that makes humans feel guilty over killing animals or eating them.

1 person likes this post.

Hiding Emotions

After reading this booklet about emotion, what we talked about in class came into my mind. In class, we talked about the need to hide our emotions. Although it’s not always good to hide our emotions, it is necessary to know when to express your emotions and when not to. Emotions are feelings and sometimes we get confused when is the right time to express our emotions. While thinking about this topic, I thought about the reason we hide our emotion. In my own opinion, the only reason people hide emotions is to not make other’s emotions hurt. For example, if we had a competition and I got the first place, I will hide my happiness so that the person who got the last place won’t feel bad. On the other hand, if I was upset with my friend, I wouldn’t express all my feelings and be angry at her because I don’t want to make her upset as well. In conclusion, we keep our emotions to ourselves sometimes to be respectful to others.

1 person likes this post.

emotion

what is emotion? emotion related to our feeling , and it could change all the time. when i did things meaningful, exciting, things make me feel happy, that is emotion. but when i was upset, touchy it also emotion. emotion also could means relationship, family, love and so on. so i think when have a feeling , no matter what it is, that the emotion as a human being.

Be the first to like.

Emotion

Emotions exert a powerful force on human behavior. Strong emotion causes us to take action toward something we might not usually perform and avoid situations we usually enjoy. For centuries humans have been attempting to decipher emotion and until now we still have no specific answer. Emotion comes and goes but at certain times we may have to try to control/hide it. As difficult as it is for someone to hide their emotions, it is in fact very essential to do so. Feelings can be confusing as they may hide behind other emotions. For example, its common for fear and hurt to disguise themselves behind anger. So you’re think you are being angry? It might all just be about hurt.

2 people like this post.

Emotion

“Reason is always and everywhere the slave of passions”. David Hume’s quote explains us the powerfulness of emotion in our knowledge. Reason always verses emotion. However, somehow they affect each other. People say reason is what human control everytime, but emotion is not. That is because we say emotion is more powerful than reason. In that way, emotion can be the barriers of our knowledge. It affects our beliefs. It might make you close mind toward the other people. Being emotional is considered not to be objective which destroy your reason. On the other hand, we rationalize our belief following the emotion to let it look like objective. However, this rationalizing may cause the irrational behavior in the perspective of other individuals. Then how did people still learn knowledge even there are emotions blocking your reasoning? Well, now it means emotion proides us some ways to study the knowledge.

1 person likes this post.

Emotions

Since the emotions have traditionally been seen as more of an obstacle to knowledge than a source of it, this may initially seen surprising. For example, an angry or frightened person is unlikely to see clearly or reason well. However, many people believed that feelings are a better guide to the truth than reason. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel stated the point, “Nothing great is accomplished in the world without passion.” It’s hard to have things fulfilled if there is no emotion put in. When we are in the grip of strong emotions, we tend not to reason in an objective way but to rationalize our pre-existing prejudices. If we have a particular emotional attitude about something, we may manufacture bad reasons in order to justify it. This kind of behavior is quite common; we tend to rationalize when there is a conflict between two or more of our beliefs. After all, I came up with a question: emotion is something that could support our thinking, or it disturbs our thinking? Emotion can be a barrier to our knowledge. For; strong emotions can easily cloud our judgment and tempt us to find bad reasons to justify our pre-existing prejudices.

2 people like this post.

Emotion – another way to approach ‘true knowledge’

Our common belief on emotion is that it acts as an obstacle to approaching the “true knowledge”. Contrast to this general belief, I believe that emotion can actually be used as a tool for excavating the truth. For instance, many economists assert that giving presents is not efficient (“The Deadweight Loss of Christmas ” written by Joel Waldfogel). Their reason was; when a person buys a good such as MP3 player or shoes to another, there is little likelihood that it matches perfectly with the receiver’s taste. But when we receive the present in cash our emotion tells us that something is wrong even though we cannot explain why we tend to “feel” that way for sure. Later, Alex Tabarrok proved that giving present in cash actually reduces the value of the present itself (I won’t explain the proof b/c it’s TOK not economics), proving our emotion correct which seemed “irrational” compared to the “solid”, “concrete” reasons from the economists. As this case clearly shows, we also have to take emotion into account as a way of knowing to find the truth.

2 people like this post.

Emotions

  From the booklet about emotion, I could find a very interesting proverb by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, ‘Deep thinking is attainable only by a man of deep feeling’. I think this proverb could be quite debatable, since the causal relation between emotion and thinking is really hard to define.  Which one is first – thought or emotion? Depending on which point of view you are lookinig at, the answer to this question would be totally different. However, personally, I think that there is a subtle distinction between a time taken to think through feeling and a time take to feel through thinking. It is because of the emotion and thought’s original attributes – usually, the process of feeling through thinking is a little bit ‘gradual’, while the process of thinking followed by feeling is quite ‘prompt’. Consequently, these two processes form what is called ‘mind system’ by circulating themselves, and this is why the causal relation between emotion and thinking is hard to define.

1 person likes this post.

Emotion

Most people would think that math or hard sciences like physics and chemistry are not related to emotions, but art, music, dance or maybe soft sciences are more like emotional. (At least I thought like that at the first time.) The reason is that they do not really need emotions. For example, the equation ‘2×3=6’ will not be changed even though you are angry or not happy about it. However, in art, depend on the emotions of artist the results of work are affected.
However, by having conversation about relationship between emotion and subjects with various opinions, I started to think in the other way. I realized that being emotional in hard sciences and math is quite important. If scientists were lack of curiosity, maybe we might be still living in dark without light bulb, no equations for everything in math, or perhaps no math. According to this, we can estimate that most of the formula or equations are come from emotions (almost curiosity maybe). As a result, not only ‘emotional’ subjects like arts, music and music, but also in math and hard sciences, emotion is playing an important role.

1 person likes this post.

Emotion

The part that stood out to me the most while I was reading this chapter was the Hindu proverb: ‘Conquer your passions and you conquer the world.’ The reason why it stood out to me is because emotions, in the same way as other knowledge tools, are double-edged which means that they can both contribute to our knowledge of the world and also be an obstacle to it. But this quote tells us how to avoid turning emotions into an obstacle to knowledge by first conquering our strong emotions which easily cloud our judgement and then making a decision. By learning to control our emotions first we’re then able to have adequate judgement and make good choices. These good choices could then possibly lead to a ‘conquest of the world’ or a better understanding of the world that surrounds us.

 

 

1 person likes this post.

Emotions

One part of the Emotions booklet that I found particularly interesting was “The James-Lange Theory.” The idea that the way our bodies react to a certain environment creates a particular emotion is peculiar to some extend as you assume that you feel sad and therefore have all the symptoms that you are experiencing. The experiment proposed, clearly expresses how this theory is legitimate; by saying that when you have anxiety/nervousness you will experience sweaty palms and an urge to urinate however if you remove the symptoms, by default you remove the anxiety/nervousness. Furthermore, when we communicate with other people we tend to emulate their movements, unconsciously. As a result, when you interact with a very happy person, you will mimic some of their behaviour, for instance: smiling, talking loud and clear, having a better posture, etc. and therefore you will share part of their happiness with them because you are essentially ‘forcing’ your body to be happy due to the idea that your bodily behaviour affects your emotions.

2 people like this post.

TOK Orals on the Internet: Beware!

Tim Sprod, highly experienced TOK teacher and co-author of one of the best TOK textbooks, recently posted this comment to the IBO’s “Online Curriculum Centre” TOK forum for teachers:

The examples of TOK presentations to be found with a search engine should – in my opinion – NEVER be taken as good exemplars. While there are a few that are good, most of them are not – not good, and in most cases, not TOK presentations. If you are looking at them to find good examples, then you presumably don’t yet have the ability to sort out the good from the bad.

All the ones I have seen that are pre-recorded videos (as opposed to videos of live presentations) have been, to put it bluntly, rubbish – they do not meet the criteria in the TOK Guide, no matter how much the students putting them up claim they do.

If you read recent subject reports, you will find that too many of the presentations that have been sent in for sampling are simply not meeting the specifications laid out in the TOK Guide. (For example, see the May 2013 SR, p 18, pp 20-21, p 22 under General Comments). Not all teachers seem to understand what these are. A lot of these non-TOK presentations seem to make it onto the web. I did an extensive search for good TOK presentations earlier in the year, and found very few.

[Clarification. The official example of a TOK presentation found on the OCC is, as Mark says, "not-so-good in many ways", but it is a not-so-good TOK presentation, as opposed to a non-TOK presentation.]

In short: don’t go there.

 

Be the first to like.

Articles on Language

Sol and I have read an article about “15 Wonderful Words with no English Equivalent”. Despite the rough 1 million words in the English language, several terms get lost through translation. Some languages include Persian, Ulwa, Italian, Yiddish, Inuit, Hawaiian, Turkish, Czech, Japanese, German and several more.

In my opinion, this relates to TOK as, firstly and most simply, language is one of the WoKs. Additionally, we tend to describe or compare things to metaphors. However, metaphors may seem completely different to one another (i.e.: some people may describe one as cold but given the circumstance or culture, others may disagree). Adding on to this issue, as seen in the article, several words have no English translation. This can lead to either misunderstanding or the inability to express one’s self.

As far as why English does not have a translation for these words, I believe that not only is the meaning very detailed but also, there are far enough English words to define or describe these words. Furthermore, the Italian and French words listed I personally have never heard of. They may come in very handy to express such and such detailed feeling, but rarely do people actually use them.

1 person likes this post.

Response to Article

The article we read was “How 50 Big Companies Got Their Names”. I realize that most of companies had their original names shortened/abbreviated and many company names are the first name/surname of the creator of the company, e.g. Adobe is named after Adobe Creek, the co-founder. It seems that the abbreviated names are intended to let people remember them easier, e.g. AT&T is short for American Telephone and Telegraph Company.
When we created our logos in previous lessons, we thought of things – metaphors, connotations, symbols – that represent us. The logos of the companies are similar in that respect. For example, the blurred ‘Z’ in Verzion suggests “speed” and the red right angle on the top emphasises the same symbol.

Even though the logos are intended to represent specific things, there are so many people from different backgrounds and their perception of things (WoK) can change the way they see the logos and how they interpret them.

Be the first to like.

Articles on language

“Is Twitter speech or writing?”

The article discusses how speeches and writing has changes overtime due to the use of social media platforms like Twitter. From what we you used know, writing seems to be giving an official written thoughts of what you want. Whereas speech is a more comfort way to express your feeling. Twitter seems to blur the boundaries between the two ways of using languages. It had created a speech for writing or a writing speech, and formed a new way of how we use languages to express our self.

People now tend to write like how we speak.  We are reluctant to write formally, and twitter create a perfect platform for us to do that.  It has provide us a new path to communication made out of combination of two old ways. This is also an example of the evaluation the human use of language. We would not have thought of writing like how we write now thirty years ago. The improvement of technology will not stop and it had and will always invent a new style of writing no matter it is beneficial to us or not.

 

1 person likes this post.

Articles on Language

Response to: “The Public” Disappears

The word “public” has become a dirty word.  In the current society, people have purposely removed “public” from the names of libraries and other things. This is because people believe that the word “public” has a negative connotation. If “public” was put in front of a term such as schools or transportation, people automatically categorize them as being something of low quality. By simply replacing “public” with “private”, the quality of that particular thing instantly becomes far more superior. This brings about the concern that people are associating “public” goods as being inferior and something that shouldn’t be glorified. Nowadays, wealthy people are moving away from the term “public”. Instead of wanting a decent government job or getting pensions, people would rather want jobs with less benefits and jobs without pensions. The idea behind this is that people want to show superiority and show that they have a distance from other people that are still dwelling on “public” things. They seek private schools over public schools; they seek insulated and well-designed homes instead of normal homes that are mundane and so indifferent from others.

It is fascinating how when changing a single word can have so much effect on human decisions. Why do we have a perception of difference in terms of words and language? If we don’t have the differentiation, how could we tell what is black or white, or what is good or bad? Of course, the differentiations in language allow us as humans to think subjectively and therefore help us define who we are. A sense of differentiation also allow “successful people” to differ from the other “less successful people”. When using the word “private”, it enables “successful people” to show their status by no longer being in the “public” area of society.

1 person likes this post.

Articles on Language

Article: SlutWalk march takes place in Bristol

 

Alex and I were meant to read an article on SlutWalk, which is a movement led by people who think the blame of rape should belong to the rapists, not the victims. This began sparking from a Canadian policeman who said the point of being victimised of rape is the bad attire of women. The policeman recommended the students to be well-dressed, according to him, ‘not like a slut’ and this statement made many women all over the world furious.

The reason why this article is related to the topic of language is that many people opposed the policeman by being sarcastic, using the meaning of the word ‘slut’. The policeman used the word to blame the women’s attire for the occurrence of rape, and people used the word to refute his opinion, saying that how women wear is not the cause of rape. For instance, is every woman going to be raped if they wear shorts and sleeveless? Even though many women already wear those kinds of clothes, not every person becomes the victim. So to speak, women wear ‘like a slut’ to be sarcastic about the policeman’s argument, and now this march has been spreaded globally. It not only provide publicity to the existence of the SlutWalk march, but also straightens the false sense of the causes of rape.

Language can be expressed in many various ways. They, the policeman and the supporting women, used the same word to express their opposite opinions. I hope, through this SlutWalk, better society with decreased rate of rape and blame for false causes.

1 person likes this post.

Articles on language

“How 50 Big Companies Got Their Names” discusses how some of the largest, well known companies in the world got their names. Most of these companies (including adidas, 3M and AMC) got their names by abbreviations or ‘nicknames’ of the business owner or the business itself. However, their are some abnormalities, like ‘Arm & Hammer’, whose names was derived from an ancient Greek God; Vulcan, the Roman God of fire and metalworking. This article shows us how language can be perceived, as many people can view these logos in their own perception, as ‘Arm & Hammer’s logo and meaning could be looked at as a strong, trustworthy brand, even though they only make simple household cleaning products. Although, the strength of the logo could tell potential buyers the product is capable of any task, hence the God qaulity of Vulcan.

Language can be derived in many ways, its just how you chose to perceive it. 100 people will not see the same image (intended image) of a logo, some people may see something completely different.

1 person likes this post.

Articles on Language

Response on: “Is Twitter speech or writing?”

This article is an interesting read. It discusses about what type of communication Twitter really is. Is it writing or is it speech? First of all, what is the difference between spoken words and written words? One of the many differences is that writing tends to be more formal than spoken words. Also, speech tends to be more dynamic and entertaining than in written form. This is indeed very evident in our everyday lives.

In this modern society we live in, almost no one can live without using a social medium. I think it all depends on how one utilizes it. For example in twitter, some might use it to inform others what they are doing or what they are feeling. For example, “Hey guys! Gonna shower now” or “Going to eat”. Others might use it for political reasons or to express  their views on a particular subject. As such, it can be seen that Twitter has both the essence of speech and writing. It is no doubt true that twitter is a new thing, a new kind of category. It is a new culture of communication. It is a hybrid of both speech and writing. Language has never been solid and expression has allow itself room to expand. The question we should be asking ourselves is “How has technology affected the ways in which we use language as our means of communication?”

Language together with technology is a really interesting topic to talk about. Does this new evolution of technology restrict the way in which we express ourselves or does it assist us in communicating? From my perspective, the effect of evolution of technology on language has assisted us in communicating the other ‘Ways Of Knowing” like emotion. Like many social mediums, twitter has become a hybrid whereby both speech and writing is involved. The effect of the usage of both spoken words and written words certainly makes communication much more vibrant. How did this ever happen? How did both ever come together? It is in human nature to find short cuts and  the ever advancing technology helps speeds up this process. When we post something on twitter, we use short forms to get our message across. Also, there is a limited number of words one can have in a post. As such, people would need to find the most efficient and effective way to put their message across. At the end of the day, it gets the job done!

How does being dynamic help assist us in communicating emotion? Take for example a literature text. The text here is in written words. It is very formal. If we read it carefully and understand the message being put across, we would start to have feelings towards some of the characters in the book. However, this takes time to understand. If however, the same text is being transformed into a more dynamic way, like spoken text, I am sure that understanding it would be much easier as it would be as if someone was explaining it to you. Some people might argue saying that if everything was written in spoken text, then cultures would be destroyed. If we take the same example of literature text and then transforming it into spoken text, the art of the language would be destroyed.

What do you think?

 

2 people like this post.

Articles on Language

The article “Language universality idea tested with biology method” is discussing the development of language and influence of culture towards language.

In the article it says, “Cultural evolution, not the brain, drives language development”. Before thinking of the relationship between language and culture, we have to explain – what is  “culture”?

The definition of culture in the dictionary is: the ideas, customs, and social behavior of a particular people or society.  The development of language is due to people wants to communicate with each other. Due to the development of the culture, the society that people are living in becomes more and more complex. As community becomes more complex, it is harder to explain situations with simpler language.

The development of language provokes us to explain our emotion by metaphor, connotation, and personification; those literacy devices should always connect back to the culture that link to the language. Things that make sense in one particular culture or context, may not work in the other. The development of culture differs primarily by the difference of the geographical location, climate and race. The way that people “exchange” thoughts and feeling would be diverse.

The same thing happens to perception. Perception is kind of a way people learn about the world around themselves. Culture is concluded within perception. Living in a certain culture creates a special environment for one to live in. As one is growing up in a particular environment, the process of thinking would be fixed, especially in a young age. Language would become a bridge that connects different perceptions that were created by different cultures. However, different perceptions would make be very difficult to communicate. Also, language would create a barrier to communicate. The barrier is created by different use of grammar. In the article, it says that the modern phylogenetic study team considers “whether what we call prepositions occur before or after a noun (‘in the boat’ versus ‘the boat in’) and how the word order of subject and object work out in either case (‘I put the dog in the boat’ versus ‘I the dog put in the canoe in’). “ In a way grammatical structure is influenced by the perception of people. Grammatical structure shows the process of thinking; how you order the words.

Lastly, we have the logic. Logic and perception are tightly intertwined with each other.  Logic comes with experience, and experience comes with culture, where culture creates perception of someone. Logic is a way we reason things, with a certain way of arriving a solution. When we reason things, we need understanding for things. Language becomes a tool to understand the environment and situation surrounding us. With our logic, we order things and make the confusing fuss into something you and the audience can both understand. For this point of view, language becomes extremely important. In the article, it says “the authors suggest that the human mind has a tendency to generalize orderings across phrases of different types”. This tendency would affect the way we think and understand each other. Therefore the language can be a tool to explain our own logic for things, or a barrier.

Over all, all the four way of knowledge influence each other hugely. It is impossible to separate them individually.

1 person likes this post.

Articles on Language

Language shape perceptions and we believe the perceptions are correct so we directly follow our perceptions. This article shows one example of how important the perceptions which are shaped by language. Recently, because the public goods and services are becoming dirtier and not as good as other goods, when there is a word “public” on any goods, we do usually have some bad perceptions about them and we don’t want to buy them or use them if we are able to use the substitutes. However, if when there is a word “private” on any goods and services, we think they will be high quality and if we have enough money, we might buy them. This shows how important language is in shaping perceptions.

In my opinion, I really agree what this article says. I agree that language shapes perceptions and it is very important. I experienced some examples of this and there were lots of misinterpretations by only using languages to explain something. By using only languages to explain something looks very easy but it is actually hard and easy to misinterpret. Therefore, I think using correct language is to solve this problem.

Be the first to like.

Articles on Language

Claire and I have read an article about ’15 wonderful words with no English Equivalent’. Despite the rough 1 million words in the English language, several terms get lost through translation. Some languages include, Persian, Italian, Hawaiian, Ulwa, Yiddish, Turkish, Czech, Japanese, German, Welsh and many more.

People will not be able to express their feelings without using an language. By using an language, you can describe your emotions in words to words to people in details. This related to WOK emotion because you actually use language to describe various things with metaphor. However, there are exceptions when some words get mistranslated. If emotions, perceptions and reasons get wrong translation, people wouldn’t be able to fully understand each other. Furthermore, the article mentioned about some languages having words that doesn’t have English equivalent, this shows that for some words in some languages, people will not be able to translate and express fully about their thoughts, reasons, and emotions when translated in English.

So, Why doesn’t English have that 15 words? In my own opinion, I believe there are 2 different reason why some words doesn’t exist in English. Firstly, English speaking country and other country might have different culture that some words are not needed and can’t be used. For the second reason, it could be just because English already have many words that words from other country that are USLESS will not be needed.

Therefore, the languages we use everyday to communicate with people to express our thoughts and emotions have connection with the Way of Knowing, because WOK need language in order to show and describe them.

 

Be the first to like.

I do not agree with they think Chinese do not using please. Chinese actually using please often but the word are different. It just like different language saying coffee. Chinese has more than one word represent please and respect.

Be the first to like.

Recent Comments