Absolute vs Relative–Math

When Edison was in school, he claimed that 1+1=1 with following statement; if one chunk of clay is added to another chunk of clay, it is still one chunk of clay. Therefore, 1+1=1 However, Edison was wrong. Actually, his way of saying is wrong. First, the clay that is on his left hand […]

Valid conclusion, True conclusion; Proof

History of Valid conclusion

The very first history of valid conclusion is by Aristotle. To get background knowledge of him, we need to know about Plato as well. Aristotle studied in Plato’s Academy. In the academy, he was a brilliant student as much as opposed some of Plato’s teachings. Plato supported Dualism. He had […]

Ethical beliefs and judgements

Our ethical judgments can be influenced by language, emotion, and false reasoning based on beliefs we have accepted without questioning. Ethical decisions can be learned by language, altered by emotion and believed by false reasoning. It depends on how you are grown, what country you were born in or grown in, it might even […]

How language can influence our ethical beliefs and judgements

When we using a language to communicate with others,  and it could influence our ethical beliefs and judgements, but how? The language a an Art, a way to presenting yourself, if you have a pretty fluent and accurate pronunciation, people will believe that you must had high education or a great lady/gentleman. Also, being  […]

Our ethical judgments can be influenced by language

Language has a function of conveying meanings. However, when people tell something to others, they often change a small, pity part of the words. As a result, the actual meanings of words change into totally different aspects. This influences hugely on a listener’s answer, judgments and decisions. This evidenced by a famous survey that […]

Ethical Reasoning

In 2 hours of classes, I have done my ethical reasoning exercise. There are 2 scenarios. In one scenario, I become the ruler of a nation and make decisions on abortion in 5 situations. On the another one, I become the woman who pregnant.

It was very hard to decide whether I should […]

logical fallacy

Fallacy is common error in reasoning that will undermine the logic of our argument. Fallacies can be either illegitimate arguments or irrelevant poinnts, and are often identified because they lack evidence that supports their claim. Avoid these common fallacies in our own arguments and watch for them in the arguments of others.

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Real life situation

We have discussing what we believed and what we choose to do, but human action are not always what we expect. Different people had different thinking, a boy see a flower he said it’s white, but the girl said it’s pink. This is the different situation we have when we facing a same fact.

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Logical Fallacy

Logical fallacy is a fallacy, which is a clearly defined error in reasoning to support or refute an argument. This includes hasty Generalization. Hasty generalization is the size of the sample is too small to support the conclusion. For example, Korea is well known as developed plastic surgery technology. Lots of Japanese, Chinese and […]

Sense Perception

Our physical senses are limited and can sometimes lead us to make serious mistakes. For an example, sometimes we saw a situation, but we couldn’t recognize we saw it, just like the gorilla clips we saw on YouTube. These show the limit of sight perception. This happens because our brain judged that information, walking […]

Logical Fallacy

Humans are able to think and express their opinion by using language and being reasonable. However, somewhat reasons we have, we do not always think or be reasonable, which is called logical fallacy. There are many types of logical fallacy, but I will talk about hasty generalization. Hasty generalization is the size of the […]

Sense perception

Sense perception is the perception by or based on stimulation of the senses. We usually trust our senses and we believe our senses. However, our physical senses are limited and can sometimes lead us to make serious mistakes. We can prove this by optical illusion, auditory illusion and hallucination. For example for optical illusion, […]

Physical senses and mistakes.



Our physical senses are limited and can sometimes lead us to make serious mistakes.

Physical senses are limited in a way that it causes us to make mistakes. Most common mistakes humans make is by hearing. When we speak and listen, we are transferring important data or information. We make mistakes by […]

Sense perception

In the video, it claimed that our eyes see only what we needed to. First example was a video which made us count how many times the players passed the ball. Because we were focused number of passing, we did not see the gorilla in the video. The point was, our senses are not […]

Sense perception

On the dictionary, sense perception is defined as ‘understanding gained through the use of one of the senses such as sight, taste, touch or hearing.’ However, we sometimes, or more often than we think, cannot recognize what we saw. This is becuase our brain filter or select the information that we need. For example, […]

Sense perception

Sense perception is understanding gained through the use of one of the senses such as sight, taste, touch or hearing. However, after watching the TED Talk, I started to think we should not 100% sure about our senses or 100% believe them. The video, the gorilla one, is the example. How can half of […]


On the booklet about emotion, there is a quote, which is ‘deep thinking is attainable only by a man of deep feeling’ by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. This quote made me to think the relationship between thinking and feeling. Thinking, in dictionary, is defined as using head to judge the object. Feeling, in dictionary, is defined […]


Emotion is speical. It is what humans have most than any other animals. According to research, humans have at least 1 more feelings and emotions than other species. But is feelings and emotions countable? It is both yes and no. Love as a word is countable. But we can’t tell others how much we love […]


what is emotion? emotion related to our feeling , and it could change all the time. when i did things meaningful, exciting, things make me feel happy, that is emotion. but when i was upset, touchy it also emotion. emotion also could means relationship, family, love and so on. so i think when have […]


Most people would think that math or hard sciences like physics and chemistry are not related to emotions, but art, music, dance or maybe soft sciences are more like emotional. (At least I thought like that at the first time.) The reason is that they do not really need emotions. For example, the equation […]

Articles on Language

Article: SlutWalk march takes place in Bristol


Alex and I were meant to read an article on SlutWalk, which is a movement led by people who think the blame of rape should belong to the rapists, not the victims. This began sparking from a Canadian policeman who said the point of being victimised […]

Articles on Language

Language shape perceptions and we believe the perceptions are correct so we directly follow our perceptions. This article shows one example of how important the perceptions which are shaped by language. Recently, because the public goods and services are becoming dirtier and not as good as other goods, when there is a word “public” […]

I do not agree with they think Chinese do not using please. Chinese actually using please often but the word are different. It just like different language saying coffee. Chinese has more than one word represent please and respect.

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The bilingual Advantage

This article is about the advantages of bilingual. A cognitive neuroscientist, Ellen Bialystok got a question, which is “How does the acquisition of a second language change thought?” during her project studying second language acquisition in school children. After the research, Bialystok found that bilingual children are more focusing on important information and ignore […]

Which language will dominate?

I think English will become dominant language. Here are reasons and facts that follow. English is becoming many people’s second language and it is the language that is most practically used. Research shows that English is the most common language. This also means that English is practical. By practical, I mean that if you […]

Article-“The Bilingual Advantages”

This article is basically talking about the advantages of being bilingual. For example, bilingualism helps forestall the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease and it might help with multitasking. However, I think being able to speak more than one language is a double-edged sword, there are also negative effects. In my case, my mother was English […]

Thinking Literally

This article awake me that how we recognized metaphor unconsciously in our daily lives. A metaphor is a figure of speech that describes a subject by asserting that it is, on some point of comparison, the same as another otherwise unrelated object. The experiment in this article show this significantly. Metaphors aren’t just how we […]

Thinking Literally ; Metaphors

Metaphors  is a figure of speech that describes a subject by asserting that it is, on some point of comparison, the same as another otherwise unrelated object. To be honest, i did know lanuage is a tool to expressing us but i didn’t know it could also affect our thinking. Metaphor is an imaginative way of […]

Thinking Literally – Meatphors

Metaphor is an imaginative way of describing something by referring to something else which is the same in a particular way. For example, if you want to say that someone is very shy and frightened of things, you might say that they are a mouse. In this context, if we do not know what […]

To what extent do you trust an authority figure?

First of all, the name authority figure comes from the fact that they are professional at certain area. By professional it means that they are better at that area more than others. For instance, teachers. Teachers are qualified to teach and are educated to teach so that they can professionally teach students. For students […]

To what extent do you trust an authority figure?

We usually call someone who has lots of experiences and knowledge in their field as an authority figures. For example, parents, older people, teachers, etc. We often find them when we are not wise enough to make a right decision. This is because; we believe they will give us good advices that can lead […]

To what extent do you trust an authority figure?

Trusting authority is a trait imbedded in us as a society. It is for this reason that when it comes to going against the common idea, such as trusting a cultural tea as medicine instead of a western prescription, it is thought of as a bit abnormal. However, many children at a young age […]

To what extent do you trust an autority figure?

Nowadays, many academic fields are getting more professional, and there are more experts coming up with new theories as time goes by. When it comes to the topic of trusting thost experts or not, some argue that it is idiotic to trust them without any questions and suspicions. i, however, think that trusting those […]

To what extent do you trust on authority figure?

An expert is defined as a person who is very skilled at doing something or who knows a lot about a particular subject. The reason why most of people tend to trust experts may be that people know that experts have more knowledge and experience than them so those people’s thoughts make experts’ image […]

To what extent do you trust an aouthority figure?

When we have problems that we don’t know how to solve, we often go to find experts and that is very usual for us. However, why do we trust them? What if they trick us by using difficult languages? The reason why we still believe them is because we are all humans. I think […]

Reasoning about ethics: Abortion

Assuming that i am a women, pregnant with a a child that i do not wish to bear. My financial state is not an issue and to abort the child is completely legal within the country that i reside in. Whether or not i would abort my child would be completely my choice and […]

Is it ethical? Abortion that is.

As a woman who is in the early stages of pregnancy and does not wish to bear a child I would generally decide based on my own choice and not those of society.

1. In the utilitarian approach I would abort the child. If I don’t want this baby then […]

Ethics: Abortion

1. The utilitarian approach:

The baby should not be aborted, because in this approach, it is the greatest good for the greatest number. If the baby is aborted, it is only for my own good.

2. The fairness, justice, or rights approach

The baby should not be aborted as well, because the baby should […]

Ethics & Abortion

1. The utilitarian approach:

I would not abort my baby because the greatest good for greatest number means that I shouldn’t kill the baby

2. The fairness, justice, or rights (“Respecting Others”) approach:

I would not get an abortion because the baby has right to live and should be respected so it shouldn’t be […]


A woman is pregnant and does not want to bear a child, she was not raped and her life isn’t in danger. Using 5 apporaches, I am going to figure out whether abortion should be legal or illegal for the woman’s case.

Using the majority win strategy, I dont think abortion should be legal, […]

Reasoning About Ethics

Assumption: You are a woman who becomes pregnant but does not wish to bear a child. You were not raped, and your life is not in danger. In the country where you live, abortion is legal, and universal health insurance will pay for the procedure, so neither legal nor financial considerations are invloved. The […]

Abortion and Ethics

Summary of Scenario 2:

A woman is pregnant and does not want to bear a child, she was not raped and her life isn’t in danger. So, using the 5 approaches I’m going to determine whether abortion should be legal or illegal.

Using the following approaches:

1. The utilitarian approach

Abortion should be illegal […]

Reasoning About Ethics: Abortion

Scenario: I am a woman who becomes pregnant, but I do not wish to bear a child. I was not raped and my life is not in danger. Abortion is legal and universal health insurance will pay for the procedure, so neither legal nor financial considerations are involved. The decision is entirely mine.

With […]

Reasoning about Ethics

Assuming that I am a pregnant woman who wish to terminate my child, without having been raped or having my life in danger and that I am in a country where abortion is legal as well as universal health insurance paying for all the necessary procedures, I think the following:

1. Using the utilitarian […]

reasoning about ethics

1.The utilitarian approach—legal

(Government don’t need to spend lots of money to raise a baby, they can use this money to help other who are really need help)

2.The fairness, justice, or rights(“Respecting Others”) approach—illegal

(Everyone have right to choose alive, including a baby)

3.The common-good approach—legal

(Abortion is not really affect society)

4.The […]

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